Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

established during the 1980s as part of the North’s deindustrialisation ( Amsden, 1990 ). Private finance is investing in what are called infrastructural ‘mega-corridors’ ( Hildyard and Sol, 2017 ). With China’s Belt and Road Initiative just one example, this is a huge near-global expansion. Except Antarctica, no region is excluded with continental – even transcontinental – infrastructure plans in existence that seek to reappropriate the biosphere through a vast global infrastructure of smart logistical corridors. Securitised archipelagos of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

push from many corners of the humanitarian sphere to develop electronic documentation for this setting, and some teams have achieved this, at least in part. However we have to be very clear why we are doing this. If we are doing this simply because we can, that is not a good enough justification: electronic documentation is cost-heavy in terms of equipment and training and is also prone to failures which can impede speed and efficiency. Many teams simply will not have the resources and infrastructure to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

Introduction After decades of conflict, an agreement in 2005 set in motion the processes that would lead South Sudan to become an independent nation-state in 2011. After an initial period of optimism, conflict re-emerged; first over control of oil resources in 2012, and then in the form of a civil war, starting in 2013. The conflict has caused the displacement of millions of people internally and internationally as refugees. Compounded by the lack of basic infrastructure and services, limited capacity, and minimal governmental presence outside of Juba

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

, hosted two of the city’s largest Ebola Treatment Units (ETU), ELWA 2 and ELWA 3, 7 near the SKD Stadium. It has been described elsewhere how ETUs – specific infrastructure for the isolation of patients from infectious diseases – were used in previous filoviruses epidemic emergencies ( Boumandouki et al. , 2005 ; Gomez-Temesio, 2018 ; Milleliri et al., 2004 ; Park and Umlauf 2014 ). Their intrinsic quarantine logic and inability to provide care

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino and Birthe Anders

destroyed, diverted, or programs have to be scaled down to minimise risk to personnel. However, whether in complex emergencies or in response to natural disasters, militaries often play an important role in humanitarian relief efforts, sometimes by providing search and rescue and airlift capabilities or by restoring damaged infrastructure. Indeed, in most of today’s crises, humanitarian organisations operate in the same environment as a range of military and non-state armed actors. Coordination is often easier in natural disaster settings than in conflict, as there is a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

of resources into the military and the nuclear programme, underpin the DPRK’s inability to provide for its population. The humanitarian community is unable to offer solutions that directly address the structural drivers of need. For example, documents and statements from humanitarian agencies cite environmental factors, such as mountainous terrain, a lack of arable land and dry conditions, and insufficient agricultural inputs and infrastructure as the key reasons for the DPRK’s food shortages ( FAO, 2019 ; Froberg, 2018 ; WFP, 2018 ). However, these explanations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

maps, which provided close to real-time information about the location of injured persons and infrastructure damage ( Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, 2011 ; Munro, 2013 ). To amplify the capacity for translation, a group from Microsoft, Stanford University and Carnegie Mellon University also created a Machine Translation (MT – automatic, computer translation) engine from Creole to English ( Lewis et al. , 2011 ). These initiatives proved useful in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

parameters and affordances, analytical algorithms, data infrastructure, and data itself, as well as the processes and practices around them’ ( Ruckenstein and Schüll, 2017 : 268). A key question in the critical wearables literature is what role digital technologies have played in transforming and commodifying the social fields and bodies involved. Wearables can be passive applications (apps) that can be downloaded to smartphones, tablets and smartwatches to aid wayfinding, or dedicated devices

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

photographs gathered by UNMISS showed that the capture of Leer had been immediately followed by the destruction of large parts of the town, primarily by fire, including public infrastructure, markets, churches and local housing ( UNMISS, 2014 : 47). In the days that followed, government armed forces pursued the population in the surrounding areas, forcing the displaced, including MSF staff, to retreat deeper and deeper into the bush. After trying to hide the cars, which were quickly stolen by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

. Acknowledgement The research on which this paper is based was funded by the British Academy’s Cities & Infrastructure Programme. Notes 1 The recovery of housing after rapid-onset disasters as well as protracted conflict and displacement is referred to as ‘shelter’. The shelter sector is coordinated by the Global Shelter Cluster, jointly led by the IFRC and UNHCR. 2 The Promoting Safer Building team is a research collaboration with the Overseas Development Institute, CARE International UK, University College London, the British Geological Survey and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs