This text aims to fill a gap in the field of Middle Eastern political studies by combining international relations theory with concrete case studies. It begins with an overview of the rules and features of the Middle East regional system—the arena in which the local states, including Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Israel and the Arab states of Syria, Jordan and Iraq, operate. The book goes on to analyse foreign-policy-making in key states, illustrating how systemic determinants constrain this policy-making, and how these constraints are dealt with in distinctive ways depending on the particular domestic features of the individual states. Finally, it goes on to look at the outcomes of state policies by examining several major conflicts including the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Gulf War, and the system of regional alignment. The study assesses the impact of international penetration in the region, including the historic reasons behind the formation of the regional state system. It also analyses the continued role of external great powers, such as the United States and the former Soviet Union, and explains the process by which the region has become incorporated into the global capitalist market.
This book reviews a variety of approaches to the study of the European Union's foreign policy. Much analysis of EU foreign policy contains theoretical assumptions about the nature of the EU and its member states, their inter-relationships, the international system in which they operate and the nature of European integration. The book outlines the possibilities for the use of discourse analysis in the study of European foreign policy. It sets out to explore the research problem using a political-cultural approach and seeks to illuminate the cognitive mind-maps with which policy-makers interpret their political 'realities'. The book provides an overview and analysis of some of the non-realist approaches to international relations and foreign policy, and proposes an analytical framework with which to explore the complex interplay of factors affecting European foreign policy. The book suggests one way of seeking theoretical parsimony without sacriﬁcing the most deﬁning empirical knowledge which has been generated about Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) over the years. It argues that while the sui generis nature of CFSP presents an acute problem for international relations theory, it is less pronounced with regard to traditional integration theory. The book discusses the dimensions of European foreign policy-making with reference to the case of arms export controls. Situated at the interface between European studies and international relations, it outlines how the EU relates to the rest of the world, explaining its effort towards creating a credible, effective and principled foreign, security and defence policy.
For over five decades, the Cold War security agenda was distinguished by the principal strategic balance, that of a structure of bipolarity, between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). This book seeks to draw from current developments in critical security studies in order to establish a new framework of inquiry for security in the Middle East. It addresses the need to redefine security in the Middle East. The focus is squarely on the Arab-Israeli context in general, and the Palestinian-Israeli context in particular. The character of Arab-Israeli relations are measured by the Israeli foreign policy debate from the 1950s to the 1990s. A dialogue between Islam and Islamism as a means to broaden the terrain on which conflict resolution and post-bipolar security in the Middle East is to be understood is presented. The Middle East peace process (MEPP) was an additional factor in problematizing the military-strategic concept of security in the Middle East. The shift in analysis from national security to human security reflects the transformations of the post-Cold War era by combining military with non-military concerns such as environmental damage, social unrest, economic mismanagement, cultural conflict, gender inequity and radical fundamentalism. By way of contrast to realist international relations (IR) theory, developing-world theorists have proposed a different set of variables to explain the unique challenges facing developing states. Finally, the book examines the significance of ecopolitics in security agendas in the Middle East.
that ‘considering the record of
EPC so far, or its cooperation procedures, it is difficult to discover
original aspects of the Twelve’s approach in world politics’
(1991: 31–2). Yet few analysts of European foreign policy cooperation,
even those working within internationalrelationstheories, would probably
go as far as Pijpers. Thus, Long concedes that, when analysing the CFSP,
‘the sui generis problem does not disappear
Recognition and Global Politics examines the potential and limitations of the discourse of recognition as a strategy for reframing justice and injustice within contemporary world affairs. Drawing on resources from social and political theory and international relations theory, as well as feminist theory, postcolonial studies and social psychology, this ambitious collection explores a range of political struggles, social movements and sites of opposition that have shaped certain practices and informed contentious debates in the language of recognition.
A. Wolfers, Discord and Collaboration (Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins University Press, 1962).
K. J. Holsti, The Divided Discipline: Hegemony and
Diversity in International Theory (Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1985),
22–3; J. A. Vasquez, The Power of Power Politics: A Critique (London:
Frances Pinter, 1983), 18; P. R. Viotti and M. V. Kauppi, InternationalRelationsTheory: Realism, Pluralism, Globalism
RelationsTheory: New Normative Approaches (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf,
1992), 71; Hoffman, ‘Normative International Theory’, 33.
Brown, InternationalRelationsTheory , 65.
For a more nuanced view regarding Kant’s
cosmopolitanism see F. H. Hinsley, Power and the Pursuit of Peace
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963), 62–80; A. Hurrell,
‘Kant and the
U NTIL THE LATE 1980s, internationalrelationstheory had a
rather crude attitude towards normative research in general. Although,
after decades of neglect, norms had finally found their way into
mainstream international relations through the study of institutions in
the early 1980s, the realist and liberal ‘paradigms’ of
international relations, and for that matter, their ‘neo
entwined, and hence one's
treatment and admission as fully human in the so-called human
In short, InternationalRelationstheory and
recognition theory need to explore more systematically processes
whereby recognition is inter-personally accorded.
This is imperative given the long history of dehumanizing
peacekeeping research with the
more theoretical body of literature. Though ours is not primarily a
study of internationalrelationstheory, it draws on theoretical
insights, and hopes to contribute to the bridging of the gap between
formal theory and its applicability to empirical research. Making use of
the conceptual tools provided by the ‘historical structural’
approach, as will be introduced in Chapter 2