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This book is a systematic study that considers how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia, using three case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety, and air pollution control. It develops the social science debate on international environmental regimes and ‘implementing activities’ at both national and international level to include regional considerations.

Open Access (free)
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

adopting and implementing joint international commitments. In essence, a regime cannot be effective unless it is able to change the strategies and behaviour of relevant target groups.2 Nevertheless, the analysis of international environmental regimes still tends to be state-centric (see e.g. Newell, 2000: 23; Miles et al., 2001). Neo-institutionalism, which in some version or another drives most analysis of international environmental politics, emphasises the importance of regimes, but downplays the role of non-state actors. Conversely, political economy emphasises non

in Climate change and the oil industry
Open Access (free)
Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

background 31 result of implementation efforts (see last section of this chapter). Nor are we primarily occupied with the solution of the problems in question or other aspects of regime effectiveness. Why study implementation? Implementation of international environmental regimes is surprisingly often a very difficult task. If our subject of study were, say, international co-operation in the field of disarmament, it might be argued that the process of attaining agreements would warrant more interest than their subsequent implementation, since the former could be expected

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia
Open Access (free)
Jon Birger Skjærseth and Tora Skodvin

political context of the companies’ home-base countries. Climate change is a global problem, largely caused by global target groups like the oil industry, dealt with within the framework of international institutions. This model is based on international regime approaches and emphasises how international environmental regimes may trigger changes in corporate strategy choice. The main focus of analysis within this perspective, therefore, is changes in corporate strategies over time. This model thus captures the dynamic relationship between multinational corporate actors

in Climate change and the oil industry