This book is a systematic study that considers how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia, using three case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety, and air pollution control. It develops the social science debate on international environmental regimes and ‘implementing activities’ at both national and international level to include regional considerations.
adopting and implementing
joint international commitments. In essence, a regime cannot be
effective unless it is able to change the strategies and behaviour of
relevant target groups.2 Nevertheless, the analysis of internationalenvironmentalregimes still tends to be state-centric (see e.g.
Newell, 2000: 23; Miles et al., 2001). Neo-institutionalism,
which in some version or another drives most analysis of international environmental politics, emphasises the importance of
regimes, but downplays the role of non-state actors. Conversely,
political economy emphasises non
result of implementation efforts (see last section of this chapter).
Nor are we primarily occupied with the solution of the problems in
question or other aspects of regime effectiveness.
Why study implementation?
Implementation of internationalenvironmentalregimes is surprisingly often a very difficult task. If our subject of study were, say,
international co-operation in the field of disarmament, it might be
argued that the process of attaining agreements would warrant more
interest than their subsequent implementation, since the former
could be expected
political context of the companies’
home-base countries. Climate change is a global problem, largely
caused by global target groups like the oil industry, dealt with
within the framework of international institutions. This model is
based on international regime approaches and emphasises how
internationalenvironmentalregimes may trigger changes in
corporate strategy choice. The main focus of analysis within this
perspective, therefore, is changes in corporate strategies over
time. This model thus captures the dynamic relationship between
multinational corporate actors