Mel Bunce

crises, they increasingly encounter media content that blurs the line between reality and fiction. This includes everything from rumours and exaggerations on social media, through to partisan journalism, satire and completely invented stories that are designed to look like real news articles. Although this media content varies enormously, it is often grouped together under nebulous and all-encompassing terms such as ‘fake news’, ‘disinformation’ or ‘post-truth’ media. Scholars have started to pay serious attention to the production and impact of all

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

specialists (the category I feel closest to) and, to a lesser extent, special correspondents – whose modus operandi I am somewhat familiar with from having rubbed shoulders with them in the course of my research. One final detail: in large part, my observations concern journalism conducted on a ‘freelance’ basis, that is, not as a permanent employee of a media outlet, but as an independent contractor who is paid by the article and generally works with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

, dont un Belge, ont été libérés ’, 15 May, (accessed 28 June 2019) . Simon , J. ( 2014 ), ‘ Is It Time to End Media Blackouts? ’, Columbia Journalism Review , 3 September,

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

its technical deficiencies? How are quantitative practices associated with notions of trust, transparency and accountability? Why do certain standardised measures become accepted and celebrated and other fail? Some of these questions have been addressed by those examining the intersection between journalism and public relations in a broadly ‘humanitarian’ setting. In particular, literature has identified how misleading numbers are communicated to the news media to emphasise

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

organisation, which emerged from a coming together of medical and journalism professionals and is embodied in the concept of témoignage . Drawing on the wider literature on humanitarian advocacy and communications, this paper will therefore largely focus on how MSF’s evolving conception of humanitarian action has given meaning to and shaped its témoignage practices. Starting with a short overview of what témoignage represents for MSF, the article goes on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

groups like HRW and Amnesty International ordinarily falls somewhere between journalism and academic research. While journalists are generally looking for things that make a good story, particularly the extraordinary, human rights researchers are more interested in patterns of abuse, avoiding focus on one-time incidents or actions outside the ordinary. In my experience researching and writing reports for HRW, emphasis is placed on gathering eyewitness accounts and ensuring that published claims are always based on more than one account. HRW, FIDH and Amnesty do not

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

.html (accessed 15 December 2019 ). Winston , B. and Winston , M. ( 2020 ), The Roots of Fake News: Objecting to Objective Journalism ( London : Taylor and Francis ). World Bank

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

: NGOs in the Changing Landscape of International News’ , Journalism , 17 : 4 , 401 – 16 , doi: 10.1177/1464884914568077 . Redfield , P. ( 2006 ), ‘A Less Modest Witness: Collective Advocacy and Motivated Truth in a Medical Humanitarian Movement’ , American Ethnologist , 33 : 1 , 3 – 26 . http

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Mia-Marie Hammarlin

the part of news producers, an ear to the street, if you will. Science has, according to media researcher John Hartley, consciously or unconsciously adapted itself to the desire of journalism to come across as a serious activity, which has resulted in less attention being paid to some less than flattering journalism and ditto journalistic methods (Hartley 2008:689). I agree with him about this, as I do when he writes that large parts of journalism, including that produced by the news media, is popular culture (Hartley 2008:689). To view gossip, which takes place

in Exposed
Journalism practice, risk and humanitarian communication
Jairo Lugo-Ocando and Gabriel Andrade

news coverage that creates a specific type of political solidarity. One which makes individuals at both sides of the screens see each other as equals and as having the same rights and which does not reproduce the same type of power relations that have been prevalent until now in most news narratives and humanitarian campaigns. In order to achieve this, journalism practice requires to set aside the sense of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture