Introduction Every year, dozens of national and international aid workers are kidnapped. Like governments and companies, most humanitarian organisations handle these events with the utmost secrecy. While Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), for example, publicly confirmed the abduction and release of staff members kidnapped in Kenya in 2011 and Syria in 2014, 1 the organisation made no effort to mobilise public opinion as a way to gain their freedom. Nor did it provide any official details about the circumstances, detention conditions, kidnappers or their demands

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

vulnerable populations? Five years later, in 1997, three MdM-Spain volunteers were killed and a fourth wounded in a targeted attack in Ruhengeri, Northern Rwanda. In Chechnya and the former Yugoslavia, NGO personnel were being kidnapped or targeted. Those incidents made security a tangible issue for MdM, setting off an internal debate about individual versus institutional prerogatives. Who was responsible for what in terms of security? Who was authorised to make decisions, and based on what information? To answer those questions, a ‘security module’ was incorporated into

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

responses. Negotiations here take on their full meaning, far beyond simplistic visions of the notion of community. While the latter is introduced as a maze of at times diverging interests, negotiations are seen as a crucial step in securing consent. These appear all the more essential at a time when the responders to the Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo were confronted with multiple security incidents, including attacks on health centres and the deaths and kidnappings of health professionals

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Spanish Gardener and its analogues

Browning Version (1951), and Philip Leacock’s The Kidnappers (1953). Perhaps the template for this type of isolated child is Pip in David Lean’s Great Expectations (1946). Anthony Wager as young Pip seems an irrevocably old-fashioned child victim, the Little Father Time of Hardy’s Jude the Obscure , as does John Howard Davies asking for more in Lean’s Oliver Twist (1948). This sensitive

in British cinema of the 1950s

: ‘Grief fills the room up of my absent child ... Puts on his pretty looks ... Stuffs out his vacant garments’ (3.4.93–8, my emphasis). Arthur had been kidnapped; Shakespeare’s own son Hamnet has died. The grieving mother, sister, and playwright-father remember their boys’ favour = pretty looks and fashion = vacant garments. This is not just poetry; it’s personal

in Reading Shakespeare’s mind
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in 2010, took many of those themes as its mantra, and played them out amid the gratuitous violence of drug cartels. Savages alludes to something more than the story of two southern California-​based dope producers and their fight with a Mexican drug cartel to recover Mo ney Savages 141 Th e ci nem a of Ol iver   S to ne their kidnapped friend, although the pared down writing style leaves little space for expository detail. While the bulk of the book is primarily about power struggle and kidnapping, Winslow offers a single page near the end that meditates on

in The cinema of Oliver Stone
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Reflections in a distorting mirror

violence engage in drug or weapon trafficking, kidnapping, extortion, or in the black economy. Profits are reinvested or kept in offshore banks. More often than not, sustained markets of violence consequently become trading routes for goods with a very high value per weight, such as drugs, gold, diamonds or weapons. In addition, markets of violence often serve as a hub for duty-free importation–exportation. Other

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Le Bone Florence of Rome and bourgeois self-making

will. She falls from her horse and is beaten with a sword (1425–6); wandering in a forest with her kidnapper, she ‘hungurd wondur sare’ (1451) and is given bread and water by a hermit – food which never tasted sweeter to her (1468–70); she is hung up by her hair from a tree and beaten on ‘hur nakyd flesche’ (1517); rescued, she is given a herbal bath that ‘made hur sore sydes softe’ and fed on rich food (1550–2); assaulted in her chamber, she picks up a stone and hits her attacker with it, so that he spits out his front teeth and his nose bleeds (1607–9); this

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
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the Republic following abdication of King Umberto II on 13 June 1946. 1 January 1948 New constitution takes effect. 5 October 1954 Italy and Yugoslavia agree on status of Trieste. 15 June 1977 ‘Red Brigades’ trial opens. Five terrorists are sentenced to terms of imprisonment on 23 June 1987. 16 March 1978 Moro kidnapped by Red Brigades terrorists

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
The Albanian mafia

to speak of a mafia, discussion is none the less eminently necessary. The signs are in the multi-criminal activity. The Albanian villains traffic in drugs, illegal migrants, arms, stolen vehicles, contraband cigarettes and alcohol. They devote themselves to pimping and burglary on a grand scale, kidnapping for ransom, contract killings, audio and video pirating, falsifying official documents (visas, etc.) and laundering criminal money. The impressive capacity to conduct highly complex transnational operations The secret mass transfer of migrants from the Albanian

in Potentials of disorder