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Law and order 6 ➤ Review of the problem of crime in recent decades ➤ Descriptions of the various attempts which have been made to reduce crime since 1979 ➤ Analysis of different governments’ attitudes to crime ➤ Descriptions of legislation passed to deal with law and order issues ➤ Analysis of theories concerning the causes of crime ➤ Speculation as to how law and order issues may be dealt with in the future Before examining the political issue of law and order as it has unfolded since 1979, we need to define the scope of the subject. The following elements

in Understanding British and European political issues

This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.

Dorey over general policy direction, and shifts and U-turns concerning a number of specific polices. This chapter will examine Conservative policies in seven main areas: the economy, ‘tax and spend’ (including public services), law and order, the family and sexual politics, welfare reform and pensions, asylum seekers, and rural affairs. The vital and vexatious issue of Europe is addressed in Chapter 8. The economy Throughout most of the 1980s successful stewardship of the economy had been the Conservative Party’s trump card, and one which was played with devastating

in The Conservatives in Crisis

people’. 125 The publicity campaign attracted influential support within Britain and drew attention to grim realities in Ireland. In particular, the Manchester Guardian reported on the breakdown of law and order in the Irish countryside. Headlines such as ‘The Burning of Irish Creameries’, ‘Outrages in Co. Kerry’ and ‘Blow to the Co-operative Movement: Farmers Punished for Work of IRA’ characterised that paper's reportage of the Irish situation. 126 This effect of such publicity work encouraged criticism of the government from a non

in Civilising rural Ireland
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this might be the result of the fact that the party considers unification undesirable in the short term, given that the party believes that the (Northern) Netherlands is currently undergoing a process of left-wing decay. Table 7.1 Summary table of ideological features per partya Feature Nationalism Internal homogenisation External exclusiveness Ethnic nationalism State nationalism Exclusionism Ethnopluralism Anti-Semitism Xenophobia Strong state Law and order Militarism Welfare chauvinism Traditional ethics Revisionism REP DVU VB CD CP’86 C C i i C C i i C

in The ideology of the extreme right

would, however, soon become an ‘internal’ party to an intra-state crisis, and would use this provision to its own benefit in the civil war. A strong disagreement soon emerged within the Security Council as to whether the first operative paragraph (i.e. Belgian withdrawal) depended on the second (i.e. UN guarantee of law and order). The Soviet Union, Poland, Tunisia, Ecuador, and Ceylon argued that

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change

Government, the party alleged to be in the ‘right’, against the external Turco-British threat. For the United States, on the other hand, the UN was confronted with a primarily intra-state conflict. The task was to restore domestic law and order by putting an end to the inter-communal strife: No one is threatening to take

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
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13.32 Page 92 Flanders Dutroux’ pedofile murders uncovered various judicial failures, and, as always in Belgium, led to a stream of rumours concerning political involvement. So-called ‘white marches’ were organised throughout Belgium, protesting the crimes, their sloppy investigations, and the alleged political cover up of the perpetraters. The VB was well prepared for this situation, having for years attacked the Belgian Establishment in general, and the allegedly weak law and order policies in particular. Moreover, Gerolf Annemans boosted the party’s image by

in The ideology of the extreme right
The Conservative challenge

technical obstacle. Will these challenges be met and overcome? The answer lies in whether we suffer the same fate as in the run-up to the 2001 election. It was not a matter of the campaign itself. Even Labour’s professional campaigners have recognised that, from where we were in April 2001, we fought the campaign we had to. Issues of tax, law and order, and Europe were the only ones on which we enjoyed a comparative advantage, or nearly so, in relation to Labour. To fight a campaign focused on health and education would have been to fight on ground of Labour’s choosing

in The Conservatives in Crisis