➤ Review of the problem of crime in recent decades
➤ Descriptions of the various attempts which have been made to reduce crime
➤ Analysis of different governments’ attitudes to crime
➤ Descriptions of legislation passed to deal with lawandorder issues
➤ Analysis of theories concerning the causes of crime
➤ Speculation as to how lawandorder issues may be dealt with in the future
Before examining the political issue of lawandorder as it has unfolded since
1979, we need to define the scope of the subject. The following elements
This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.
This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.
over general policy direction, and shifts and U-turns concerning a number
of specific polices. This chapter will examine Conservative policies in seven
main areas: the economy, ‘tax and spend’ (including public services), lawandorder, the family and sexual politics, welfare reform and pensions, asylum
seekers, and rural affairs. The vital and vexatious issue of Europe is addressed
in Chapter 8.
Throughout most of the 1980s successful stewardship of the economy had
been the Conservative Party’s trump card, and one which was played with
people’. 125 The publicity campaign attracted influential support within Britain and drew attention to grim realities in Ireland. In particular, the Manchester Guardian reported on the breakdown of lawandorder in the Irish countryside. Headlines such as ‘The Burning of Irish Creameries’, ‘Outrages in Co. Kerry’ and ‘Blow to the Co-operative Movement: Farmers Punished for Work of IRA’ characterised that paper's reportage of the Irish situation. 126
This effect of such publicity work encouraged criticism of the government from a non
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.
this might be the result of the
fact that the party considers unification undesirable in the short term, given
that the party believes that the (Northern) Netherlands is currently undergoing a process of left-wing decay.
Summary table of ideological features per partya
would, however, soon become an ‘internal’ party to an
intra-state crisis, and would use this provision to its own benefit in
the civil war.
A strong disagreement soon emerged within the Security
Council as to whether the first operative paragraph (i.e. Belgian
withdrawal) depended on the second (i.e. UN guarantee of lawandorder).
The Soviet Union, Poland, Tunisia, Ecuador, and Ceylon argued that
Government, the party
alleged to be in the ‘right’, against the external
For the United States, on the other hand, the UN was
confronted with a primarily intra-state conflict. The task was to
restore domestic lawandorder by putting an end to the inter-communal
No one is threatening to take
Dutroux’ pedofile murders uncovered various judicial failures, and, as
always in Belgium, led to a stream of rumours concerning political involvement. So-called ‘white marches’ were organised throughout Belgium,
protesting the crimes, their sloppy investigations, and the alleged political
cover up of the perpetraters. The VB was well prepared for this situation,
having for years attacked the Belgian Establishment in general, and the
allegedly weak lawandorder policies in particular. Moreover, Gerolf Annemans boosted the party’s image by