A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis
,
Luisa Enria
,
Sharon Abramowitz
,
Almudena-Mari Saez
, and
Sylvain Landry B. Faye

, present three community engagement encounters representative of practices regularly implemented to gain communities’ trust and stem potential resistance to epidemic control measures: communication through elders and youths in Guinea; engagement with NGO-affiliated community leadership structures in Liberia; indirect mediation to chiefs in Sierra Leone. Inspired by the extended-case-study method developed by the Manchester School ( Gluckman, 1940 ), we illuminate our ethnography by paying

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

significance of selected key events during the first year of the epidemic on the positioning of the actors executing the response. It focuses on MSF, for whom two pivotal events occurred during that period: attacks on two MSF-run Ebola treatment facilities in February 2019, and changes in the leadership of the response in July 2019. Context MSF and Ebola in West Africa The largest epidemic of Ebola ever recorded started in West

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Framework for Measuring Effectiveness in Humanitarian Response
Vincenzo Bollettino
and
Birthe Anders

–military focal point b) Other staff-designated focal point c) Security-management staff member d) In-country leadership e) There is no one within the responding organisation who currently fulfils this role. 5. If respondent is working for an operational organisation, how many dedicated civil–military staff are deployed? Number____ 6. Number of days from the disaster event to the establishment of an in-country coordination body for civil–military coordination, i.e. Multi-National Military Coordination Centre (MNMCC). Number____ 7. Number of days an in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action 1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

grantee partners of FRIDA, the Young Feminist Fund ( FRIDA, n.d. ), as well as members of groups such as the Shifting the Power Coalition ( StPC, 2020 ) and the Feminist Humanitarian Network ( FHN, 2019 ), who have been fighting the power inequalities within the sector and strengthening women’s voices and leadership as humanitarian actors. Initiatives like FRIDA, StPC and FHN support local feminists through funding, collective action and advocacy, and testify to a shift in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
,
Lasse Heerten
,
Arua Oko Omaka
,
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

now because different activist groups across the globe are advocating it. They are responding to what they feel is happening in Nigeria today, and recent events are making Nigerians remember why they went to war. When you look at the current situation in Nigeria, you discover that it’s chaotic. Some of the issues that led to the war are yet to be resolved. In addition to the failure of the political class to provide effective leadership, some sections of the Federation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

like an applied manual of realist theory. It defines strategic objectives and identifies the main rivals of the US, collectively considered to present a threat to the country’s national interests. It sets out four ‘vital national interests’, which are not fundamentally new ( ibid .: 3): 1) the protection of the American people and their way of life; 2) the promotion of economic prosperity and America’s technological leadership; 3) the preservation through force of world peace; 4) the expansion of the global influence of the US. The strategy then

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke
,
Jennifer Becker
,
Sofiya Popovych
,
Mathew Gabriel
, and
Logan Cochrane

sustained gender equality in humanitarian settings ( UN OCHA, n.d ). Indeed, Fal-Dutra Santos (2019) argues that gender equality as a key aspect of humanitarian response is a true application of humanitarian principles. Lafrenière et al. (2019 : 187–8) call for humanitarian systems that go beyond responding to immediate, short-term issues to advance women’s empowerment, community leadership and long-term development. The sort of gender transformative intervention that Lafrenière et al. (2019) envision, often utilise participatory approaches to identify and engage

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

of liberal order, pointing to the humanitarian hypocrisy of the US. But as they vie for leadership of the multilateral system, they also attempt to resignify it, demonstrating almost no concern for liberal ideals themselves. Liberalism might yet be recovered as the basis for global order. But it is unlikely that liberal institutions undermined in recent years can recover their legitimacy; and it is unclear what will emerge in their stead. ‘The crisis’, Gramsci noted, referring to the detachment of the masses from traditional ideologies and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell
and
Peter Hailey

understanding of the overall crisis. These include the extent to which analyses that are intended to be a ‘technical consensus’ ( IPC Global Partners, 2019 ) are actually participatory and transparent (and the role of government leadership of these processes), constraints to the consensus process itself and some of the forms these constraints can take, safeguards in the analysis process (and the extent to which preventing false

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

, Western relief organisations have experienced most challenges to their efficacy and political and moral legitimacy in the areas in which they have traditionally operated – that is to say, in the Global South. The staff of these organisations, including in leadership positions, now include many people from the South. But the concept of ‘the mission’, with its echoes of military campaigning and Jesuit proselytising, remains fundamentally the same. And it is an open question whether NGOs can sustain their legitimacy while they promote this concept

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs