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Sophie Roborgh

Monitoring of attacks on healthcare has made great strides in the past decade, even if improvement in information has not necessarily resulted in changes on the ground. However, important questions on the knowledge production process continue to be under-explored, including those pertaining to the objectives of monitoring efforts. What does our data actually tell us? Are we missing the (data) point? This paper explores several monitoring mechanisms, and analyses the limitations of the data-gathering exercise, affecting the ability of healthcare workers to share their experiences. By drawing on the experiences of those involved in the medical-humanitarian response in non-government controlled areas in Syria, these dynamics are further brought to the fore, advocating for a more discerning approach in the use of data for such disparate goals as analysis on patterns of attacks (and their implications), advocacy, and accountability.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

Peter C. Little

-­ethnographic work in medical anthropology. For example, medical anthropologist Paul Farmer has been criticized for his use of images of sick bodies to make visible what he calls “structural violence.”4 He admits that “the use of such images is problematic but sometimes necessary in order to stir privileged populations to do something about global systems of inequality” (Stone 2015, 180). The logic of this angle is that “the problem of making structural violence visible is that social, political, and economic structures that are to blame for the violence are very difficult to

in Toxic truths
The status of bodies in the aftermath of the Khmer Rouge genocide
Anne Yvonne Guillou

conceptualized by medical anthropology. Healthy body, sick body, dying body: from this perspective, the body is where all disorders are visible, and where the potential reforging of the links between the individual, society and the universe is promised. It is also the site upon which the traces of structural violence and the relations of social domination are inscribed. During my previous research, I had begun to realize that certain forms of illness were thought of as being linked to the suffering endured under the revolutionary regime of the Party of Democratic Kampuchea.4 A

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Coreen Anne McGuire

Blease , C. , Carel , H. , and Geraghty , K. , ‘ Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare Encounters: Evidence from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome ’, Journal of Medical Ethics 43 : 8 ( 2016 ), 549 – 557 . 108 Scully, ‘From “She Would Say That, Wouldn’t She?”’. 109 Barnes, The Minority Body , p. 142. 110 Scully, ‘From “She Would Say That, Wouldn’t She?”’. 111 Lock , M. , ‘ The Tempering of Medical Anthropology: Troubling Natural Categories ’, Medical Anthropology Quarterly , 15 : 4 ( 2001 ), 478 – 492 , p. 483. 112 Dotson , K. , ‘ A Cautionary Tale

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Open Access (free)
The bridge, the fund and insurance in Dar es Salaam
Irmelin Joelsson

’. HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory , 1 ( 1 ): vi–xxxv . Dao , A. and Mulligan , J. ( 2016 ). ‘ Towards an anthropology of insurance and health reform: An introduction to the special issue ’. Medical Anthropology Quarterly , 30 ( 1 ): 5–17 . Das , V. and Poole , D. (eds

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
Jenny Edkins

. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985: 307. 47 Dennis Smith, Report from Ground Zero: The Heroic Story of the Rescuers at the World Trade Center. London: Doubleday, 2002. 48 Victor Toom, ‘Finding Closure, Continuing Bonds, and Codentification after the 9/11 Attacks.’ Medical Anthropology (2017). 49 William Langewiesche, American Ground: Unbuilding the World Trade Center. London: Scribner, 2003: 146. 50 Smith, Report from Ground Zero, 352. 51 Fiona Sampson, ‘Heidegger and the Aporia: Translation and

in Change and the politics of certainty
medical pluralism and the search for hegemony
Enrique Perdiguero

highlighted from Medical Anthropology this label fell into the trap of considering Biomedicine as the ‘golden standard’. 24 Relevant for this whole chapter is the discussion carried out by Kuschick, Medicina popular, pp. 130–7. Although the study refers to the present, because of the materials used, some of its conclusions can more easily be

in Witchcraft Continued
Sharon Weinblum

Israeli Political Discourses’. Paper written for the 2015 OMSS conference, University of Oxford, 15–16 May 2015. Willen, S. S., 2010. ‘Darfur through the Lens of the Shoah’, in B. Good, M. Fischer, S. S. Willen, and M.-J. Del Vecchio Good, eds, A Reader in Medical Anthropology , Oxford: Wiley Blackwell. Wurgaft, N., 2007. ‘In Face of Criticism, Foreign Min. Campaign to Explain

in Security/ Mobility
Environmental enumeration, justice, and apprehension
Nicholas Shapiro, Nasser Zakariya, and Jody A. Roberts

(1), 101–120. Roberts, J. A. 2014. Unruly technologies and fractured oversight: Toward a model for chemical control for the twenty-­first century. In S. Boudia and N. Jas (eds), Powerless Science?: Science and Politics in a Toxic World. New York: Berghahn Books. Rose, D. B., van Dooren, T., Chrulew, M., Cooke, C., Kearnes, M., and O’Gorman, E. 2012. Thinking through the environment, unsettling the humanities. Environmental Humanities, 1(1), 1–5. Saxton, D. I. 2015. Strawberry Fields as extreme environments: The ecobiopoli­tics of farmworker health. Medical Anthropology

in Toxic truths