New narratives on health, care and citizenship in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

This edited volume offers the first comprehensive historical overview of the Belgian medical field in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Its chapters develop narratives that go beyond traditional representations of medicine in national overviews, which have focused mostly on state–profession interactions. Instead, the chapters bring more complex histories of health, care and citizenship. These new histories explore the relation between medicine and a variety of sociopolitical and cultural views and realities, treating themes such as gender, religion, disability, media, colonialism, education and social activism. The novelty of the book lies in its thorough attention to the (too often little studied) second half of the twentieth century and to the multiplicity of actors, places and media involved in the medical field. In assembling a variety of new scholarship, the book also makes a contribution to ‘decentring’ the European historiography of medicine by adding the perspective of a particular country – Belgium – to the literature.

Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James, Joseph Grace Kasereka, and Shelley Lees

Africa: Colonial Hangovers, Racial Hierarchies, and Medical Histories ’, Journal of West African History , 6 : 2 , 155 – 79 , doi: 10.14321/jwestafrihist.6.2.0155 . TV5 ( 2020 ), ‘ COVID-19 et essais de vaccin en RDC: « Jamais les Congolais ne seront utilisés comme cobayes », pour le professeur Muyembe

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Narratives beyond the profession and the state
Frank Huisman

This volume is the impressive result of the collective efforts of Belgian (medical) historians to do at least two things: first, to put Belgium on the map of medical historiography and, second, to do so using the latest methods and approaches. With a single stroke, the Belgian field presents itself at the forefront of medical history. Not only is Belgium now ready

in Medical histories of Belgium
Open Access (free)
Benoît Majerus and Joris Vandendriessche

1830 – during which the southern parts of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands broke away to form a new nation state – Broeckx’s Essay is the earliest example of ‘Belgian’ medical history. It is a work pervaded by patriotism and professional pride, one of the products of an expanding historical culture comprising also paintings, statues, parades, public lectures, plays and history books, which was

in Medical histories of Belgium
Open Access (free)
Health as moral economy in the long nineteenth century
Christopher Hamlin

– perhaps depression, stress, or anxiety. But all these too are controversial terms in negotiations between subjects, practitioners, and societies. For as Charles Rosenberg has pointed out, translation is not always validation. 1 I have no solution to validating general, amorphous, or sub-clinical suffering beyond reorienting the writing of medical history to make such pathologies of progress less anomalous. That means exploring dynamisms. What, in these cases, evokes response? Not

in Progress and pathology
Tinne Claes and Katrin Pilz

F . Huisman , ‘ Shaping the medical market: on the construction of quackery and folk medicine in Dutch historiography ’, Medical History , 43 : 3 ( 1999 ), 359–75 . 5 J . Vandendriessche , E . Peeters and K . Wils , ‘ Introduction: performing expertise ’, in Scientists

in Medical histories of Belgium
Open Access (free)
The Colonial Medical Service in British Africa
Editor: Anna Greenwood

A collection of essays about the Colonial Medical Service of Africa in which a group of distinguished colonial historians illustrate the diversity and active collaborations to be found in the untidy reality of government medical provision. The authors present important case studies in a series of essays covering former British colonial dependencies in Africa, including Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zanzibar. These studies reveal many new insights into the enactments of colonial policy and the ways in which colonial doctors negotiated the day-to-day reality during the height of Imperial rule in Africa. The book provides essential reading for scholars and students of colonial history, medical history and colonial administration.

Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Open Access (free)
Looking beyond the state
Anna Greenwood

. 13 H.J.O.D. Burke-Gaffney, ‘The History of Medicine in the African Countries’, Medical History , 12, 1968 , pp. 31–41, pp. 33–4; Anon, ‘Instruction in Tropical Diseases’, British Medical Journal , i, 1895 , p. 771 14 See H.C. Squires, The Sudan Medical Service

in Beyond the state
The short history of Indian doctors in the Colonial Medical Service, British East Africa
Anna Greenwood and Harshad Topiwala

two decades of successfully relying on Indian personnel, colonial officials silently, yet forcibly, wrote Indians out of the medical administration, and subsequently also out of later medical histories of this colonial possession. 4 Even the few Indian individuals that tenaciously remained in service in some of the outlying areas were no longer mentioned in the Annual Medical

in Beyond the state