Coreen Anne McGuire

also as utilised in the prescription of hearing aids and, as I show in the section on ‘The telephone as hearing aid’, the interwar period featured an explosion of hearing aids based on telephone technologies, which led to the increased medicalisation of deafness as the medical community sought to temper the ‘quack’ hearing aids flooding the market. However, the medicalisation of hearing aids was no simple matter. Such medicalised prescription was complicated by conflicts over categorisation, the status of hearing aids as medical devices and the question of which

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Resilience and the Language of Compassion
Diego I. Meza

psychiatric help to IDPs in the national health system. In other words, the medicalisation of the conflict and Colombian social life may not necessarily have the repercussions that Restrepo outlines ( Corte Constitucional de Colombia, 2004 ). The national government of Colombia formalised the Protocol of comprehensive health care with a psychosocial approach in July 2013 ( MinSalud, 2013 ). The aim was to offer psychosocial assistance ‘as a strategy of reparation that is parallel to compensations’ ( Mora-Gámez, 2016 : 117). In this way, the service ‘became evident during

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

and delivery (typically homebirths). In the 1980s, UNRWA provided professionally trained medical staff to join midwives in deliveries, supplementing traditional knowledge with formal training (Y.M. Qasmiyeh, personal communication, 5 June 2018). The increasing medicalisation of childbirth, including through UNRWA hospitals, led both to the dilution of midwives’ practice, and the expectation of UNRWA support for childbirth. UNRWA’s provision and subsequent withdrawal of ‘delivery services’ mean that local responses may no longer be as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Caroline Rusterholz

advice in the decades preceding the introduction of these new laws. Highlighting their role, and the social context, networks, opportunities and constraints faced by women doctors, helps to challenge two types of narratives: the negative narrative of medicalisation as an oppressive process and the celebratory narrative of progress and scientific discovery underpinning the idea of sexual liberalisation. In so doing, this book adds to a growing body of research that has cast doubt on the notion of a linear process of emancipation or liberalisation

in Women’s medicine
Open Access (free)
Caroline Rusterholz

medicalisation of birth control is one aspect of the broader history of the medicalisation of the female body, a history that has attracted considerable attention from feminist historians since the 1980s in the context of the feminist health movement. 3 Medicalisation means ‘defining a problem in medical terms, using medical language to describe a problem, adopting a medical framework to understand a problem or using a medical intervention to treat it. 4 Feminist critics have

in Women’s medicine
Open Access (free)
Sex, family planning and British female doctors in transnational perspective, 1920–70

Women’s medicine explores the key role played by British female doctors in the production and circulation of contraceptive knowledge and the handling of sexual disorders between the 1920s and 1970s at the transnational level, taking France as a point of comparison. This study follows the path of a set of women doctors as they made their way through the predominantly male-dominated medical landscape in establishing birth control and family planning as legitimate fields of medicine. This journey encompasses their practical engagement with birth control and later family planning clinics in Britain, their participation in the development of the international movement of birth control and family planning and their influence on French doctors. Drawing on a wide range of archived and published medical materials, this study sheds light on the strategies British female doctors used, and the alliances they made, to put forward their medical agenda and position themselves as experts and leaders in birth control and family planning research and practice.

David M. Turner
and
Daniel Blackie

medical interventions in miners’ lives described in this chapter, its fundamental goal was to help get injured workers back to work.129 Medicine and the miner’s body 77 ‘Medicalisation’, conflict and authority While medical care remained patchy throughout the period in question, there can be no doubt that the expansion of medical services in response to the perceived health risks of coalmining was a significant feature of the industry’s expansion in the century after 1780. It is likely that some sick and injured miners benefitted significantly from access to

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Thomas D’haeninck
,
Jan Vandersmissen
,
Gita Deneckere
, and
Christophe Verbruggen

to go beyond the scope of the individual body. 10 They increasingly felt the urge to advocate for better living conditions and social change too. 11 This process is referred to as the medicalisation of society. During the nineteenth century self-proclaimed experts with medical backgrounds perceived, diagnosed and declared social problems as if they were illnesses. 12

in Medical histories of Belgium
Tinne Claes
and
Katrin Pilz

of medical images suggests that laypeople were familiar with visual depictions of anatomy. Yet the advertisement also complicates grand narratives of professionalisation and medicalisation, for it shows that ‘quacks’ also claimed medicine as a privileged site of knowledge for their own commercial agenda, and indeed often created their professional identities by copying mainstream

in Medical histories of Belgium
Caroline Rusterholz

contraception and the production of medical and scientific knowledge on birth control and contraception. In a nutshell, they colonised birth control and contraception. This chapter sheds new light on some well-known aspects of the history of birth control and the Family Planning Association, with a focus on the medicalisation process and the initiatives and strategies women doctors used to position themselves as respectable experts in the new field. They developed a specific form of communication with colleagues that relied heavily on specialised medical

in Women’s medicine