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Medicine and culture in the nineteenth century

This collaborative volume explores changing perceptions of health and disease in the context of the burgeoning global modernities of the long nineteenth century. During this period, popular and medical understandings of the mind and body were challenged, modified, and reframed by the politics and structures of ‘modern life’, understood in industrial, social, commercial, and technological terms. Bringing together work by leading international scholars, this volume demonstrates how a multiplicity of medical practices were organised around new and evolving definitions of the modern self. The study offers varying and culturally specific definitions of what constituted medical modernity for practitioners around the world in this period. Chapters examine the ways in which cancer, suicide, and social degeneration were seen as products of the stresses and strains of ‘new’ ways of living in the nineteenth century, and explore the legal, institutional, and intellectual changes that contributed to both positive and negative understandings of modern medical practice. The volume traces the ways in which physiological and psychological problems were being constituted in relation to each other, and to their social contexts, and offers new ways of contextualising the problems of modernity facing us in the twenty-first century.

Cancer, modernity, and decline in fin-de-siècle Britain
Agnes Arnold-Forster

confluence between imaginings of society and biological understandings of cancer in this period – a relationship made possible by the well-established ‘essential congruity between medicine and culture’. 61 Crucial to this connection was language that linked the body biological to the body politic. This relationship was not specific to cancer, but common to cultural and medical discourse throughout the nineteenth century and before. In Hutchinson's text, the body is described through analogy to the state; he speaks of ‘cell

in Progress and pathology
The Fowlers and modern brain disorder
Kristine Swenson

were disproportionately subject to the experimentation of laboratory-based medicine that often caused more immediate harm than good to their families. 10 The Fowlers’ phrenology ultimately sustained the essentialist taxonomies from which it promised to liberate its adherents. Their programme of individualistic self-culture was also a means of self-regulation within a normative social code. Phrenology has remained an undercurrent in Western medicine and culture, resurfacing recently in relation to

in Progress and pathology
Fatigue and the fin de siècle
Steffan Blayney

C. Oakley, ‘Vital Forms: Bodily Energy in Medicine and Culture, 1870–1925’ (PhD dissertation, University of York, 2016), 14. Emphasis added. 61 O. Temkin, ‘Metaphors of Human Biology’, in R. C. Stauffer (ed.), Science and Civilisation (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1949), 178–82. 62 T

in Progress and pathology
The origins and endurance of club regulation
Duncan Wilson

Wilson, Tissue Culture in Science and Society: The Public Life of a Biological Technique in Twentieth Century Britain (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011) pp. 8–27. 62 On interwar attitudes to orthodox medicine, see Martin Pugh, We Danced all Night: A Social History of Britain Between the Wars (London: Vintage, 2009) pp. 37–42. 63 Anna K. Mayer, ‘A Combative Sense of Duty: Englishness and the Scientists’, in Christopher Lawrence and Anna K. Mayer (eds), 56 The making of British bioethics Regenerating England: Science, Medicine and Culture in Inter

in The making of British bioethics