Open Access (free)
Politics of movement

This book brings together a number of contributions that look into the political regulation of movement and analyses that engage the material enablers of and constraints on such movement. It attempts to bridge theoretical perspectives from critical security studies and political geography in order to provide a more comprehensive perspective on security and mobility. In this vein, the book brings together approaches to mobility that take into account both techniques and practices of regulating movement, as well as their underlying infrastructures. Together the contributions inquire into a politics of movement that lies at the core of the production of security. Drawing on the insight that security is a contingent concept that hinges on the social construction of threat – which in turn must be understood through its political, social, economic, and cultural dimensions – the contributors offer fine-grained perspectives on a presumably mobile and insecure world. The title of the book, Security/Mobility, is a direct reference to this world that at times appears dominated by these two paradigms. As is shown throughout the book, rather than being opposed to each other, a great deal of political effort is undertaken in order to reconcile the need for security and the necessity of mobility. Running through the book is the view that security and mobility are entangled in a constant dynamic – a dynamic that converges in what is conceptualised here as a politics of movement.

Lessons for critical security studies?
Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet

S INCE THE BEGINNING of the twenty-first century, across the social sciences and humanities there has been a widespread and increasing interest in issues of mobility. In many respects, what is referred to as the ‘new mobilities paradigm’ is an endeavour that critical security scholars should engage with even further. This book is one step down this road. In further pursuit

in Security/ Mobility
Data becoming risk information
Nathaniel O’Grady

discuss data as an entity which can be described by its circulation. Circulation allows us to conceptualise the broad systems of flow that characterise the life of data in the FRS. The movement of data, secondly, is cast as one that is mobilised. Mobility brings into play how the flow of data is structured according to different interventions made, for instance, by data export functions or human operators

in Security/ Mobility
The case of community initiatives promoting cycling and walking in São Paulo and London
Tim Schwanen
and
Denver V. Nixon

quantitative analysis of subjectively experienced wellbeing can offer adequate insight into the collective dimensions of wellbeing in the city, and into the ways in which differences in wellbeing between people in a city or between different moments in a given person’s life emerge and unfold. In this chapter, we therefore engage with different traditions of conceptualising and examining wellbeing to understand some of the relationships between everyday mobility and wellbeing in deeply unequal cities with a specific focus on disadvantaged social groups. A version of the

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Gender Norm Change during Displacement?
Michelle Lokot

’ are said to explain Rohingya women’s limited mobility and men’s role as income earners ( Gerhardt et al. , 2020 : 7), without explanation of these norms. Among refugees in Tigray, despite research participants citing lack of money and limited availability of services as reasons for not accessing sexual and reproductive health services, tradition and religion are listed as barriers ( Habte and Afework, 2021 : 20). Assumptions about gendered vulnerability also invoke fixed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Batman Saves the Congo: How Celebrities Disrupt the Politics of Development
Alexandra Cosima Budabin
and
Lisa Ann Richey

historical, geographical and cultural context. And overall, rather than disrupting existing relations of dominance and inequality, aid works to consolidate and reproduce them. In Batman’s attempts to save the Congo we can very clearly see the relevance of work in political geography. This includes the role of ‘hotel geopolitics’ ( Fregonese and Ramadan, 2015 ), where existing international tourist and transport infrastructures alongside unequal mobility regimes shape the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan
and
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

Borton and Davey, 2015 ). High rates of staff mobility significantly impact the development of institutional memory ( Korff et al. , 2015 ). This, in turn, leads to an overemphasis on contemporary events to guide reflection. As John Borton put it, ‘such is the degree of ahistoricism within much of the sector that initiatives aimed at fostering improved practice tend to only reference recent practice’ ( Borton, 2016 : 195). History’s second

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

of work has increased. This includes the growth of insecure, poorly paid temporary work and marginal forms of self-employment ( TUC, 2017 ). Wages have stagnated, and social mobility stalled. Moreover, it is widely accepted that today’s young no longer enjoy the life chances of their parents ( Corlett, 2017 ). Given this downturn, living the dream has meant a massive expansion of debt financing ( Streeck, 2017 ). The acceleration of economic informality in the global South has been matched by the residualisation of market protection

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo
,
Elena Estrada Cocina
,
Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert
,
Raquel González Juarez
, and
Ana Garcia Mingo

reduce transmission (e.g. isolation) versus the mental health consequences of living or dying in solitude. MSF aimed to ensure dignified treatment and care while reinforcing individual autonomy. Support was given to care home staff to help residents with their mobility, as well as facilitating calls or face-to-face visits with their families. MSF also provided some assistance in the end-of-life process for the last farewell. This was all done without

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat
,
Elba Rahmouni
, and
Léon Salumu

capable of managing the simple cases relatively effectively. For the medical teams it’s a question of ensuring successful treatment for all patients – in particular, by measuring viral loads and by taking drug resistance and individual constraints like mobility into account. The number of HIV projects has decreased, and in a sense they have become more specialised. In contrast to the 2000s, MSF is now a minor player in the fight against HIV. We are, however

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs