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Cultural histories of the National Health Service in Britain
Editors: and

The National Health Service (NHS) officially ‘opened’ across Britain in 1948. It replaced a patchy system of charity and local providers, and made healthcare free at the point of use. Over the subsequent decades, the NHS was vested with cultural meaning, and even love. By 1992, the former Chancellor of the Exchequer Nigel Lawson declared that the service was ‘the closest thing the English have to a religion’. Yet in 2016, a physician publishing in the British Medical Journal asked whether the service was, in fact, a ‘national religion or national football’, referring to the complex politics of healthcare. Placards, posters, and prescriptions radically illuminates the multiple meanings of the NHS, in public life and culture, over its seventy years of life. The book charts how this institution has been ignored, worshipped, challenged, and seen as under threat throughout its history. It analyses changing cultural representations and patterns of public behaviour that have emerged, and the politics and everyday life of health. By looking at the NHS through the lenses of labour, activism, consumerism, space, and representation, this collection showcases the depth and potential of cultural history. This approach can explain how and why the NHS has become the defining institution of contemporary Britain.

Open Access (free)
Patrick Doyle

include Lawrence Black and Nicole Robertson (eds), Consumerism and the Co-operative Movement in Modern British History: Taking Stock (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009); Mary Hilson, Pirjo Markkola and Ann-Catrin Ostman (eds), Co-operatives and the Social Question: The Co-operative Movement in Northern and Eastern Europe (1880–1950) (Cardiff: Welsh Academic Press, 2012); Nicole Robertson, The Co-operative Movement and Communities in Britain, 1914–1960 : Minding their Own Business (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010); Anthony Webster, Alyson Brown, David Stewart

in Civilising rural Ireland
Debates about potential and ambition in British socialist thought
Jeremy Nuttall

housing and low incomes to encouraging positives, that is people fulfilling their ambitions and potential through, for example, education, careers they find rewarding or voluntary work in their communities. At the same time, though, combating ‘negatives’ has remained central to socialist thought. Second, a central aspect of political debate in modern British history has been disagreement about how much people’s natures, achievements and unfulfilled hopes were due to, in turn, unalterable genetic character traits, effort (or the absence of it) or the influences of their

in In search of social democracy
Alastair J. Reid

. (eds) Currents of Radicalism. Popular Radicalism, Organised Labour and Party Politics in Britain, 1850–1914, Cambridge Taylor, M. (1997) ‘The beginnings of modern British social history?’ History Workshop Journal, 43 Winter, J. (1983) ‘Introduction: labour history and labour historians’, in J. Winter (ed.) The Working Class in Modern British History. Essays in Honour of Henry Pelling, Cambridge

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Steven Fielding
and
Declan McHugh

, Cambridge Clarke, P. (1983) ‘The social democratic theory of the class struggle’, in Winter, J. (ed.) The Working Class in Modern British History, Cambridge Crewe, I. and King, A. (1995) SDP. The Birth, Life and Death of the Social Democratic Party, Oxford Denver. D. (2002) ‘The results: how Britain voted (or didn’t)’, in Geddes, A. and Tonge, J. (eds) Labour’s Second Landslide, Manchester Desai, R. (1994) Intellectuals and Socialism Drinkwater, H. (1921) ‘The constitution of the Labour Party’, Labour Organiser, 6 Drinkwater, H. (1923) ‘The outlook: from an organiser

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Rhiannon Vickers

Collection, Mattison, FAB. 26 McBriar, Fabian Socialism and English Politics, p. 127. 27 Foote, The Labour Party’s Political Thought, p. 31. 28 New Statesman, 2 August 1913, p. 525, cited in ibid. 29 See Partha Sarathi Gupta, ‘Imperialism and the Labour government’, in Jay Winter, ed., The Working Class in Modern British History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), p. 123; Kenneth O. Morgan, Labour in Power 1945–1951 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985), pp. 189 and 205. 30 Foote, The Labour Party's Political Thought, p. 20. See also Stanley Pierson, Marxism

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
The ends of incompletion
Chloe Porter

Cromwell’, The Historical Journal , 33:3 ( 1990 ), 629–39; see also Patrick Little and David L. Smith, Parliaments and Politics during the Cromwellian Protectorate , Cambridge Studies in Early Modern British History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007 ), pp. 8–9. 22 Sir Edward Dering, A

in Making and unmaking in early modern English drama
Open Access (free)
Cultural and political change in 1960s Britain
Steven Fielding

social democratic theory of the class struggle’, in J. Winter (ed.), The Working Class in Modern British History (Cambridge, 1983); S. MacIntyre, A Proletarian Science. Marxism in Britain, 1917–1933 (Cambridge, 1980), pp. 47–65. 140 S. Fielding, P. Thompson and N. Tiratsoo, ‘England Arise!’ The Labour Party and Popular Politics in 1940s Britain (Manchester, 1995), pp. 76–101. 141 Edinburgh Evening News, 13 September 1961 and 29 November 1962. 142 House of Lords Record Office, Reginald Sorenson papers, Hist. Coll. 102/ 230, A Backbencher’s Pilgrimage, 1968, p. 397. 143

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

, ‘Imperialism and the Labour government’, in Jay Winter, ed., The Working Class in Modern British History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), pp. 94 and 110. H.C. Deb., vol. 437, col. 1965, 16 May 1947. Henry Pelling and Alastair Reid, A Short History of the Labour Party (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 11th edn, 1996), p. 91. See also David Coates, The Labour Party and the Struggle for Socialism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975), p. 190. Barclay, Ernest Bevin and the Foreign Office, p. 82. Clement Attlee, The Labour Party in Perspective (London: Victor

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Chloe Porter

Ethics , p. 34. 40 See Tessa Watt, Cheap Print and Popular Piety, 1550–1640 , Cambridge Studies in Early Modern British History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), passim. 41 Hamling and Williams

in Making and unmaking in early modern English drama