Open Access (free)
Female sexual agency and male victims
Jenny DiPlacidi

[O]‌n genetic grounds, mother–son incest should be the rarest, brother–sister more common, and father–daughter the most common. Joseph Shepher, Incest : A Biosocial View ( 1983 ) 1 In examining the occurrence of

in Gothic incest
Gender and nationalism in the early fiction of Flora Nwapa
Elleke Boehmer

BOEHMER Makeup 3/22/05 2:55 PM Page 88 John's G5:Users:john:Public:John's Mac: John's Jobs 5 Stories of women and mothers: gender and nationalism in the early fiction of Flora Nwapa When the baby was five days old, Ajanupu told her sister that it was time to put alligator pepper in her mouth so that her tongue will be free. If this was not done, Ajanupu said, the baby might be deaf and dumb. So early the next morning, some alligator pepper was brought and Ajanupu chewed it very well and then put it under the tongue of the baby. The baby yelled and yelled. She

in Stories of women
Theorising the en-gendered nation
Elleke Boehmer

BOEHMER Makeup 3/22/05 2:55 PM Page 22 John's G5:Users:john:Public:John's Mac: John's Jobs 1 Motherlands, mothers and nationalist sons: theorising the en-gendered nation Woman is an infinite, untrodden territory of desire which at every stage of historical deterritorialisation, men in search of material for utopias have inundated with their desires. (Klaus Theweleit, Male Fantasies)1 Among postcolonial and feminist critics it is now widely accepted that the nationalist ideologies which informed, in particular, the first wave of independence movements and of

in Stories of women
Unreadable things in Beowulf
James Paz

34 1 Æschere’s head, Grendel’s mother and the sword that isn’t a sword: Unreadable things in Beowulf When Grendel’s mother attacks Heorot, her victim, Æschere, is described by Hrothgar as ‘min runwita ond min rædbora’ [my rune-​knower and advice-​bearer] (1325).1 Later, when Beowulf returns to Heorot, having slain Grendel’s mother, he hands the hilt from the giants’ sword he used to kill her over to Hrothgar, who looks at the artefact before issuing a warning to Beowulf about becoming monstrous and foreshadowing the hero’s later encounter with the wyrm (1677

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Open Access (free)
Gender and narrative in the postcolonial nation
Author: Elleke Boehmer

Why is the nation in a post-colonial world so often seen as a motherland? This study explores the relationship between gender icons and foundational fictions of the nation in different post-colonial spaces. The author's work on the intersections between independence, nationalism and gender has already proved canonical in the field. This book combines her keynote essays on the mother figure and the post-colonial nation with new work on male autobiography, ‘daughter’ writers, the colonial body, the trauma of the post-colony and the nation in a transnational context. Focusing on Africa as well as South Asia, and sexuality as well as gender, the author offers close readings of writers ranging from Chinua Achebe, Ben Okri and Nelson Mandela to Arundhati Roy and Yvonne Vera, shaping these into a critical engagement with theorists of the nation such as Fredric Jameson and Partha Chatterjee. Moving beyond cynical deconstructions of the post-colony, the book mounts a reassessment of the post-colonial nation as a site of potential empowerment, as a ‘paradoxical refuge’ in a globalised world. It acts on its own impassioned argument that post-colonial and nation-state studies address substantively issues hitherto raised chiefly within international feminism.

Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

innovations in everyday medical practice to humanitarian work in the field. It seems to me a cultural, a psychosocial block. If you talk about surgery , for example, in a humanitarian setting, immediately among many NGO workers their antibodies will rise. They will say, ‘That’s terrible, you can’t allow that Western, too high-tech surgery; it is inappropriate.’ But then if you say, ‘So, what about obstructed labour and interventions to save the mother and the child?’, then

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

, lactating mothers and TB patients.’ WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) 8.4 million 307,000 1. ‘Improve equitable access to at least basic and safely managed drinking water and sanitation services.’ 2. ‘Raise awareness on public health risks related to water, sanitation and hygiene and promote adequate and equitable hygiene practices at households, education institutions and health facilities paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.’ 3. ‘Strengthen health emergency preparedness and response capacity

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

that consistently centralise the needs and rights of ‘womenandchildren’ ( Enloe, 1991 ). In particular, the campaign has allocated a central role to Palestinian refugees as vulnerable people whose bodily needs must be met; this includes through the figure of the mother(to-be)-and-child, infirm patients and other ‘particularly vulnerable groups’ whose wellbeing and very lives depend on receiving medical and emergency cash assistance. At the same time, Palestinian children and youths have been recognised as actively demanding that their rights

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

the social reproduction of the precariat by substituting for an absent fixed-grid ( Jacobsen, 2015 ). Together with cash-transfer programmes ( Lavinas, 2013 ), this includes biometric registration and experimentation with block-chain authentication as a means of managing aid and work entitlements ( Dodgson and Genc, 2017 ). Solar power lighting and charging solutions are widely marketed together with portable ceramic water filtration systems ( Redfield, 2015 ). Replacing a need for medically-staffed feeding centres, take-away mother

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
New writers, new literatures in the 1990s
Editors: Gill Rye and Michael Worton

The 1990s witnessed an explosion in women's writing in France, with a particularly exciting new generation of writer's coming to the fore, such as Christine Angot, Marie Darrieussecq and Regine Detambel. This book introduces an analysis of new women's writing in contemporary France, including both new writers of the 1990s and their more established counter-parts. The 1990s was an exciting period for women's writing in France. The novels of Louise Lambrichs are brilliant but troubling psychological dramas focusing on the traumas that inhabit the family romance: incest, sterility, the death those we love and the terrible legacy of mourning. The body of writing produced by Marie Redonnet between 1985 and 2000 is an unusually coherent one. The book explores the possibility of writing 'de la mélancolie' through focusing on the work of Chantal Chawaf, whose writing may be described as 'melancholic autofiction', melancholic autobiographical fiction. It places Confidence pour confidence within Constant's oeuvre as a whole, and argues for a more positive reading of the novel, a reading that throws light on the trajectory of mother-daughter relations in her fiction. Christiane Baroche was acclaimed in France first as a short-story writer. Unable to experience the freedom of their brothers and fathers, beur female protagonists are shown to experience it vicariously through the reading, and the writing of, narratives. Clotilde Escalle's private worlds of sex and violence, whose transgressions are part of real lives, shock precisely because they are brought into the public sphere, expressed in and through writing.