A Focus on Community Engagement

teams to do the investigative work to examine the history of Ebola development and its transmission chains within the community. Liberia: Community Liaisons and the SKD Stadium Case August 2014 was a month of big changes in the Ebola-containment campaign in Liberia’s capital, Monrovia. On 1 August 2014, Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf declared a national state of emergency and mandated a controversial and widely disliked policy of mandatory cremation for all persons who had died from Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), as well as mandatory lockdowns and the notorious

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A centuries-old dream?

This book assesses the formation of Croatian national identity in the 1990s. It develops a novel framework, calling into question both primordial and modernist approaches to nationalism and national identity, before applying that framework to Croatia. In doing so, the book provides a new way of thinking about how national identity is formed and why it is so important. An explanation is given of how Croatian national identity was formed in the abstract, via a historical narrative that traces centuries of yearning for a national state. The book shows how the government, opposition parties, dissident intellectuals and diaspora groups offered alternative accounts of this narrative in order to legitimise contemporary political programmes based on different versions of national identity. It then looks at how these debates were manifested in social activities as diverse as football, religion, economics and language. This book attempts to make an important contribution to both the way we study nationalism and national identity, and our understanding of post-Yugoslav politics and society.

Open Access (free)

federalism, it is argued, is impossible without democracy, but in Russia’s multi-national state, democracy is impossible without federalism. As the Russian proverb states ‘the fish rots from the head down’. In a bid to bring in regional votes and to ensure tax returns and ethnic quiescence, Yeltsin often turned a blind eye to the development of authoritarian regimes in the regions. Likewise, Putin’s reforms of the federal system have made a mockery of both federalism and democracy. The constitutional powers of the regions have been usurped by seven FAD10 10/17/2002 176

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
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simple switch from medical charity to private healthcare – a reformulation rather than a rejection of philanthropy. Philanthropy reformulated The voluntary hospitals underwent a great many changes during the interwar years. Those in the medical technology they employed were matched by changing dynamics in relations with the local and national state, while new styles of fundraising fostered a more democratic relationship with the local community. 7 As far the terms

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Open Access (free)

narrative. Most contemporary Croatian politicians and intellectuals agree that Croatian national identity was shaped by the history of the Croats and in particular the tradition of statehood that Croatia ostensibly enjoyed, albeit in many guises. Although most commentators do not go as far as Franjo Tuœman and suggest that Croats shared a ‘centuries-old dream’ to have their own national state, there is widespread agreement that people became Croats primarily through a shared history and occupancy of a common state. The book goes on to address the question of how Croatian

in The formation of Croatian national identity
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. The best that could be hoped for was a peaceful federation of states. A modern Kantian ethical cosmopolitan, such as O’Neill, acknowledges that nationality and other forms of community have an importance, and securing a national state may be instrumental in achieving justice for some, as for example looks to be the case with the Kurds. Yet the achievement of a national state may be just as likely to be the instrument of injustice to

in Political concepts

rights granted to the ethnic republics far outweighing those given to the territorially based regions.23 For some scholars the treaty was a necessary compromise to save the Union whilst others argue that it fundamentally weakened federalism in Russia by constitutionally sanctioning an asymmetrical federal state with three types of legal subject, each possessing different rights and powers; national–state formations (sovereign republics); administrative–territorial formations (krais, oblasts, and the cities of Mocow and St Petersburg); and national

in Federalism and democratisation in Russia
Open Access (free)

: (a) equate democracy as a set of principles and practices with one particular (albeit dominant) democratic tradition, namely liberal democracy; (b) decide that the EU cannot therefore be democratic on the grounds of national sovereignty; and (c) decide that the EU is therefore at best an undemocratic necessity to be suffered grudgingly, or at worst a system to be rejected in its entirety. This pre-eminence of the LDB thus in fact creates the key difficulty of democratization in the EU: the centrality of the principle of national/state sovereignty in the debate

in Democratization through the looking-glass
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been institutionalized on a global scale – liberal democracy in its most elitist, least developmental form’ (Eschle 2001: 151). It has been argued elsewhere that ‘[a]s the global reach of social and political movements increases through technological and information networks, and as the pressures of international trade and markets begin to impinge significantly on the national economies leading to a fragmentation and repositioning of nation-states, the relationship between local struggles, social movements and the national state is being constantly reshaped’ (Rai

in Democratization through the looking-glass
The Ecuadorian experience

specific issues that may come about among specialized state bodies and the women’s movement relieve the state of the responsibility to give an accounting of its activities to a citizen’s movement? Does the lack of differentiation between the two work in favour of or hold back citizen efforts in demanding a full accounting from the national state machinery for women? These are some of the new questions which have arisen in the course of the women’s movement’s engagement with the state. Often, members of the women’s movement want to preserve their identity as actors on the

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?