Through a study of the British Empire's largest women's patriotic organisation, formed in 1900 and still in existence, this book examines the relationship between female imperialism and national identity. It throws light on women's involvement in imperialism; on the history of ‘conservative’ women's organisations; on women's interventions in debates concerning citizenship and national identity; and on the history of women in white settler societies. After placing the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire (IODE) in the context of recent scholarly work in Canadian, gender and imperial history, and post-colonial theory, the book follows the IODE's history through the twentieth century. Chapters focus upon the IODE's attempts to create a British Canada through its maternal feminist work in education, health, welfare and citizenship. In addition, the book reflects on the IODE's responses to threats to Anglo-Canadian hegemony posed by immigration, World Wars and Communism, and examines the complex relationship between imperial loyalty and settler nationalism. Tracing the organisation into the postcolonial era, where previous imperial ideas are outmoded, it considers the transformation from patriotism to charity, and the turn to colonisation at home in the Canadian North.
This book assesses the formation of Croatian national identity in the 1990s. It develops a novel framework, calling into question both primordial and modernist approaches to nationalism and national identity, before applying that framework to Croatia. In doing so, the book provides a new way of thinking about how national identity is formed and why it is so important. An explanation is given of how Croatian national identity was formed in the abstract, via a historical narrative that traces centuries of yearning for a national state. The book shows how the government, opposition parties, dissident intellectuals and diaspora groups offered alternative accounts of this narrative in order to legitimise contemporary political programmes based on different versions of national identity. It then looks at how these debates were manifested in social activities as diverse as football, religion, economics and language. This book attempts to make an important contribution to both the way we study nationalism and national identity, and our understanding of post-Yugoslav politics and society.
Nationalidentity and the ‘great divide’
According to Tom Nairn, ‘the reason why the dispute between modernists and
primordialists is not resolved is because it is irresolvable’.1 This is because the
two approaches place different emphases on different aspects of identity
formation. Nairn described the so-called ‘Warwick debate’, between Anthony
Smith and Ernest Gellner, as a ‘courteous difference of emphasis’.2 He insisted
that the debate provided an inadequate set of approaches to the problem of
nation formation and that there appeared to be little prospect
of Croatian nationalidentity
According to Benedict Anderson , ‘communities are to be distinguished, not by
their falsity/genuineness, but by the style in which they are imagined’.1 This
chapter investigates how the Croatian nation was imagined in the 1990s. It
focuses on four sets of accounts that attempted to provide contemporary
resonance to the abstract frames of nationalidentity discussed in the previous
chapter. These accounts attempted to either interpret what it meant to be
Croatian in order to secure support for a political
and weak state structures in Eurasia
Since their very inception, many of the Soviet successor states have been
beset by ethnic violence, crime, trafficking – in arms, drugs and people –
terrorism, poverty, pollution and migration.1 Most have also faced deeper
problems of legitimacy and ideological drift. To a significant extent these
pathologies can be traced back to the delegitimisation of the entire Soviet
world view, and the lack of any viable replacement. The existence of an
Globalised Ireland, or, contemporary
transformations of nationalidentity?
G. HONOR FAGAN
The influential US magazine Foreign Policy issued a ‘Globalization Index’
in 2001, which, to the surprise of many, found the Republic of Ireland
to be at the top of the list.1 The indicators used to construct the index
included information technology, finance, trade, travel, ‘politics’ and
personal communications, all designed to evaluate the degree of global
integration. We learn that ‘Ireland’s strong pro-business policies’ have
made the country (or more precisely the
This article considers the contexts and processes of forensic identification in 2004
post-tsunami Thailand as examples of identity politics. The presence of international
forensic teams as carriers of diverse technical expertise overlapped with
bureaucratic procedures put in place by the Thai government. The negotiation of
unified forensic protocols and the production of estimates of identified nationals
straddle biopolitics and thanatocracy. The immense identification task testified on
the one hand to an effort to bring individual bodies back to mourning families and
national soils, and on the other hand to determining collective ethnic and national
bodies, making sense out of an inexorable and disordered dissolution of corporeal as
well as political boundaries. Individual and national identities were the subject of
competing efforts to bring order to,the chaos, reaffirming the cogency of the body
politic by mapping national boundaries abroad. The overwhelming forensic effort
required by the exceptional circumstances also brought forward the socio-economic and
ethnic disparities of the victims, whose post-mortem treatment and identification
traced an indelible divide between us and them.
James Baldwin and the "Closeted-ness" of American
This article reads the work of James Baldwin in dialogue with that of Eve Kosofsky
Sedgwick. Taking its cue from Baldwin’s claim that Americans “live […] with something in
[their] closet” that they “pretend […] is not there,” it explores his depiction of a
United States characterized by the “closeted-ness” of its racial discourse. In doing so,
the article draws on Sedgwick’s work concerning how the containment of discourses
pertaining to sexuality hinges on the closeting of non-heteronormative sexual practices.
Reconceptualizing Sedgwick’s ideas in the context of a black, queer writer like Baldwin,
however, problematizes her own insistence on the “historical gay specificity” of the
epistemology she traces. To this end, this article does not simply posit a racial
counterpart to the homosexual closet. Rather, reflecting Baldwin’s insistence that “the
sexual question and the racial question have always been entwined,” I highlight here the
interpretive possibilities opened up by intersectional analyses that view race, sexuality,
and national identity as coextensive, reciprocal epistemologies.
Searching for Black Queer Domesticity at Chez Baldwin
Magdalena J. Zaborowska
This essay argues for the importance of James Baldwin’s last house, located in St. Paul-de-Vence in the south of France, to his late works written during the productive period of 1971–87: No Name in the Street (1972), If Beale Street Could Talk (1974), The Devil Finds Work (1976), Just Above My Head (1979), The Evidence of Things Not Seen (1985), and the unpublished play The Welcome Table (1987). That period ushered in a new Baldwin, more complex and mature as an author, who became disillusioned while growing older as a black queer American who had no choice but to live abroad to get his work done and to feel safe. Having established his most enduring household at “Chez Baldwin,” as the property was known locally, the writer engaged in literary genre experimentation and challenged normative binaries of race, gender, and sexuality with his conceptions of spatially contingent national identity. The late Baldwin created unprecedented models of black queer domesticity and humanism that, having been excluded from U.S. cultural narratives until recently, offer novel ways to reconceptualize what it means to be an American intellectual in the twenty-first-century world.
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
( 2020 ), ‘ Why Context Matters for Social Norms Interventions: The Case of Child Marriage in Cameroon ’, Global Public Health , 15 : 4 , 532 – 43 .
( 2006 ), ‘ Protecting Young Women from HIV/AIDS: The Case Against Child and Adolescent Marriage ’, International Family Planning Perspectives , 32 : 2 , 79 – 88 .
( 1998 ), The Space Between Us: Negotiating Gender and NationalIdentities in Conflict ( London : Zed Books ).
R. W. and