Sidi NDiaye

This article describes the brutalisation of the bodies of Tutsi and Jewish victims in 1994 and during the Second World War, respectively, and contrasts the procedures adopted by killers to understand what these deadly practices say about the imaginaries at work in Rwanda and Poland. Dealing with the infernalisation of the body, which eventually becomes a form of physical control, this comparative work examines the development of groups and communities of killers in their particular social and historical context. Different sources are used, such as academic works, reports from victims organisations and non-governmental organisations, books, testimonies and film documentaries.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

was traumatising. Neighbours expressed the fear and mistrust that came with having an ETU close to them and of having been continuously exposed to death. From the beginning of Ebola’s arrival in District 6, residents anticipated a slow and inadequate government response. Local citizens organised themselves into community task forces and started their own quarantine initiatives, which included visits, food and financial support. In September 2014, an ETU

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

of earphones. When the office lights were switched off, people could now read without disturbing their neighbours; when the lights were on, they could create a sheltered and darker space, with an old plastic bottle and cable tie acting as a ‘doorbell’ to alert them to the presence of someone outside. It was a simple approach, creating a personal living space for everyone that was focused particularly on the sensory aspects that really improve everyday life in grim

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

, with the harvest still months away, is being pressed to decide whether to make the long-term investment of sending a child to school. This is happening when there is a hole in the roof, the kerosene has run out and finding clean water is a constant effort. In addition, his neighbour is also expecting reciprocal help with medical bills because the farmer’s family received similar support in the past. For behavioural economics, poverty is an experience grounded in the constant grind of having to make hard choices: educate a child, fix a roof or

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Zaira Lofranco

and a few Muslims who had lived there before the conflict and who were unfamiliar with ‘the culture of living in a flat’ (kultura stanovanja). Analysis of post-war neighbours displaced from formerly socially owned housing, living in Grbavica and Lukavica, invites us to explore asymmetries and crossethnic patterns of division between and within the two neighbourhoods.6 These emerged as a consequence of physical as well as political mobility engendered by a wider reconfiguration of geopolitical borders that involved local neighbouring interaction in complex political

in Migrating borders and moving times
Amikam Nachmani

“carried out for political reasons connected to our neighbours.” He added that, “Repeated exercises constitute an additional cost for the economy.” 88 The Turkish air force agreed not only to accept the Athenian FIR, but to remove all ammunition from planes flying over the Aegean. Meanwhile, in Greece, Dimirtis Apostolakis, Greece’s Deputy National Defense Minister’s conceded that Athens did not consider Israeli–Turkish military cooperation a threat, an admission as surprising as it was refreshing. His hope that no one in Greece will even think of the two countries

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
witchcraft in the western Netherlands, 1850–1925
Willem de Blécourt

diagnosis of a bewitchment and an unwitchment ritual were not individual events; family members and neigh-bours were actively consulted. In 1851 in Hoorn it was recorded that the parents of a sick child, ‘called the neighbours together and there was general agreement that the child was bewitched’. In Delft in 1866 ‘experienced female neighbours’ were consulted for the same reason. In Dalem in 1896 it was said of an ill woman that

in Witchcraft Continued
Open Access (free)
Verbal offences on the streets of Modena
Katherine Aron-Beller

wealthier classes, adopted the language of their Christian neighbours and provide a commentary on the social conflict produced by their public behaviour. Delators, suspects and witnesses all knew each other and came from the same social classes. From a broader perspective they also uncover the problems facing these types of Jews as a religious minority and the enforcement of Inquisitorial prosecution which targeted them for these offences. The work of Federica Francesconi has confirmed the sharp increase in the presence of poor Jews in Modena at the beginning of the

in Jews on trial
Open Access (free)
Crossing borders, changing times
Madeleine Hurd, Hastings Donnan and Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

time as borders are redrawn. Our second theme explores how time features in the cross-border networks of migrants, emphasising in particular the affective networks that link, fragment or rupture ties between spouses, neighbours, friends and families. Here the challenges posed by temporal synchrony and disjuncture both within and beyond the borders across which these migrants move shape not only the practical but also the moral and emotional contexts in which they live their daily lives. Our third theme explores time in relation to the body itself as borders are

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.