Open Access (free)
Collecting contacts with Gabrielle Enthoven
Kate Dorney

2 Female networks Collecting contacts with Gabrielle Enthoven Kate Dorney In her Times obituary Gabrielle Enthoven (née Romaine)1 (1868–1950) was described as an ‘archivist of the theatre’ and an amateur actor who had ‘some success as a dramatic author’.2 For Who’s Who in the Theatre she described herself as a theatre historian and dramatic author […] for many years a prominent amateur actress appearing with the Old Stagers, Windsor Strollers etc. and author of Montmartre, Alhambra 1912; Ellen Young (with Edmund Goulding), Savoy 1916; The Honeysuckle (from D

in Stage women, 1900–50
Implications for jobs and inequality
Rosemary Batt and Eileen Appelbaum

Networked organisation: implications for jobs and inequality 4 The networked organisation: implications for jobs and inequality Rosemary Batt and Eileen Appelbaum Introduction The vertical integration of production into large hierarchical firms was a dominant organisational form during the twentieth century. Since the 1980s, however, firms have increasingly decentralised production to networks of subcontractors. Organisational boundaries have become blurred, work processes have been fragmented, and new forms of inter-firm contracting and outsourcing of work

in Making work more equal
Constituting the cultural economy
Fran Tonkiss

6 Between markets, firms and networks: constituting the cultural economy Fran Tonkiss Introduction Cultural and creative sectors have come to represent key areas of growth within a number of regional and national economies, and figure prominently within arguments regarding the increasingly ‘cultural’ character of economic processes and the restructuring of market forms. An emergent cultural economy is also of critical interest for institutional analysis, and for a number of reasons. Firstly, such an analysis addresses very clearly the need to take culture

in Market relations and the competitive process
Roslyn Kerr

actor-network of doping with a view to determining the power relations that occur within this very contentious area. The history of doping and the creation of doping policy For as long as sport has existed, athletes have used a variety of stimulants with the goal of improving performance (Beamish and Ritchie, 2006 ; Hoberman, 2009 Houlihan, 1999 ). Until World War Two, drug use was very crude and generally ignored by sports authorities. However, during the war, pharmaceutical experimentation

in Sport and technology
Future Earth, co-production and the experimental life of a global institution
Eleanor Hadley Kershaw

6 Leviathan and the hybrid network: Future Earth, co-production and the experimental life of a global institution Eleanor Hadley Kershaw In the opening words of A Sociology of Monsters, John Law caricatures a middle-class white male, middle-aged, non-disabled person’s perspective on the history of sociology: ‘We founded ourselves on class; then, at a much later date we learned a little about ethnicity; more recently we discovered gender; and more recently still we learned something … about age and disability’ (Law, 1991: 1). Thus, the hypothetical sociologist

in Science and the politics of openness
The case of Oscar Montelius and Italy
Anna Gustavsson

6 Geographies of networks and knowledge production: the case of Oscar Montelius and Italy Anna Gustavsson In this chapter, I aim to highlight the potential of thinking geographically when studying networks and the production of archaeological knowledge, by considering the contacts in Italy of the Swedish archaeologist Oscar Montelius (1843–1921, see Figure 6.2) and his work on Italian prehistory.1 Oscar Montelius was a pioneer of prehistoric archaeology from the late nineteenth century onwards. He is mainly known for his work on typology and chronology. His Om

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Heather Shore

5 Crime, criminal networks and the survival strategies of the poor in early eighteenth-century London Heather Shore The poor in England Crime, criminal networks, survival strategies Introduction This morning one Rebecca Hart, a poor Woman belonging to the Parish of St. James’s, was committed to Prison for stealing several Quantities of Coals, the Property of Mr. Nathan Robley. It was sworn against her that she had declared, ‘It was no Sin in the Poor to rob the Rich; and that if it was, J— C— had died to procure the Pardon of all such Sinners.’ The Prisoner

in The poor in England 1700–1850
Open Access (free)
From policy to law to regulation

This book explains the beginnings of net neutrality regulation in the United States and Europe, and some of the current debate over access to Specialised Services: fast lanes with higher Quality of Service (QoS). It examines the new European law of 2015 and the interaction between that law and interception/privacy. The book takes a deep dive into UK self- and co-regulation of net neutrality. In each of the national case studies, initial confusion at lack of clarity in net neutrality laws gave way to significant cases, particularly since 2014, which have given regulators the opportunity to clarify their legislation or regulation. The majority of such cases relate to mobile net neutrality, and in particular so-called 'zero rating' practices. The book compares results and proposes a regulatory toolkit for those jurisdictions that intend effective practical partial or complete implementation of net neutrality. It sets out a future research agenda for exploring implementation of regulation. The book outlines competition policy's purpose, referring to the exceptionally rigorous recent analysis of competition law suitability to regulate net neutrality by Maniadaki. Having analysed regulatory tools with little chance of success, it then examines what communications regulators actually do: regulating telecoms access based on the UK case study. The book considers whether zero rating poses a serious challenge to Open Internet use. It explores some of the wider international problems of regulating the newest manifestation of discrimination: zero rating. The book also considers the various means by which government can regulate net neutrality.

Paul Currion

, the new markets, the new forms of industrial organization that capitalist enterprise creates … [that] incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within , incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one’ ( Schumpeter, 2003 : 83). This process does not appear to apply to the humanitarian industry. New goods, methods and organisational forms can be seen (particularly those enabled by networked technologies), but after ten years of the drive to promote humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

Introduction One morning in Goma, I attended a meeting of the Cercle de la Sécurité : a group of Congolese humanitarians who work in security management for different international NGOs (non-governmental organisations) in the province. Although they hold a variety of different job titles, the members perform a common function within their respective organisations: they analyse local security conditions by collecting information about protracted violence and acts of criminality. They form and maintain a network among different local authorities and armed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs