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Social welfare for the twenty-first century

Social democracy has made a political comeback in recent years, especially under the influence of the ‘Third Way’. Not everyone is convinced, however, that ‘Third Way’ social democracy is the best means of reviving the Left's project. This book considers this dissent and offers an alternative approach. Bringing together a range of social and political theories, it engages with some contemporary debates regarding the present direction and future of the Left. Drawing upon egalitarian, feminist and environmental ideas, the book proposes that the social democratic tradition can be renewed but only if the dominance of conservative ideas is challenged more effectively. It explores a number of issues with this aim in mind, including justice, the state, democracy, new technologies, future generations and the advances in genetics.

Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

role of government, developing protocols for data sharing, broadening participation, building buy-in at higher levels, the use of qualitative information, incorporating innovative ideas in analysis and new technology. Table 4 summarises these by case study. Table 4: Managing the influences, by country case study

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

she organises into three groups by the geographical regions they come from: South East Asians (from Cambodia, Burma and Thailand), Africans and the third group, comprising Iraqis, Iranians and Afghans. She discovers differences in their ability to use telecommunications technology (e.g. telephones, fax machines and mobile phones), depending on their countries of origin, suggesting that conflict, war or government surveillance hindered their abilities. Leung also observes that exposure to new

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

cautions against a ‘Northern’ perception of new technologies and how they are socially situated, and alerts us to how the existing literature tends to frame attributes, costs and trade-offs in a way far removed from the everyday reality of emergency situations. Similarly, concepts such as ‘data-double’ reflect the concerns of the Global North, such as identity theft ( Whitson and Haggerty, 2008 ). The ‘self as laboratory approach’ is concerned with how users

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

, 2018 ), Syria ( Di Giovanni, 2018 ), among others – disinformation campaigns helped justify the closure of borders to refugees, deliberate violence against minorities and the lethal targeting of civilians and those assisting them, among other things. It is not difficult to imagine future scenarios elsewhere. While the risks of disinformation are not new, they have been greatly accelerated and augmented by new technologies and the social and political changes they have

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

the humanitarian sector. We set out our own ‘responsible ambition’ ( Elrha, 2018b ) for humanitarian innovation in 2018 with ethics, participation and local engagement as areas of key concern. The articles by Hunt et al. and Sandvik (Innovation Issue) refer to ethical concerns with the introduction of new actors, practices and technologies along with innovation to the humanitarian sector and the risks involved, particularly for communities affected by crises. As Sandvik notes: Experimental innovation in the testing and application of new technologies and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

paid great attention to the use of new technology, such as innovative materials and a photovoltaic panel. Most significantly, the product was shaped by price, impact, scale of production and the desire to produce an affordable product for the humanitarian marketplace. 6 In order to underline this distinction between innovation and architecture, I propose to describe products like the Better Shelter as instances of ‘building without architecture’. They approach shelters as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Gob Squad, a funny robot and dancing scientists
Simon Parry

humans to attach and become intimate with new technologies. At the same time such technologies exert significant power and control over us. The technologies and our relationships with them become very quickly ‘naturalised’; that is to say, it becomes very hard to imagine our way out of the relationship or to reimagine the technology or our mode of interacting with it. New technologies emerge with particular social relations embedded into them and in a ‘reverse feedback loop’ then reinforce these social relations (Hayles 1999, xiii). This reverse feedback loop can be

in Science in performance
Roslyn Kerr

-makers must have full knowledge of the rules of the sport and be able to apply their knowledge in split-second decisions made under often very stressful conditions. If they make the wrong decision, they are often blamed for the outcome of the game. Given the pressure that these individuals face and the importance of ensuring accurate results, several sports governing bodies have attempted to increase the accuracy of officiating decisions through implementing new technologies in their sports (Woodward, 2013). These

in Sport and technology
Staging visual clues and early modern aspiration
Jackie Watson

considering the ways in which writers for the ‘new technology’ of the playhouse were engaged in guiding their audiences both in how to see, and how to interpret the validity of the visual. Classical writers opened a debate on the operation of the eyes and the process of visual perception, which emerged as two contrasting theories. The ‘emission theory’ maintained that seeing was the result of rays being emitted from the eyes and falling upon an object in the outside world, with Euclid’s Optica examining the idea that sight was enabled by beams from the eyes, and Ptolemy

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660