This collection brings together for the first time literary studies of British
colonies in nineteenth-century Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, South
America, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Drawing on hemispheric
studies, Indigenous studies, and southern theory to decentre British and other
European metropoles, the collection offers a latitudinal challenge to national
paradigms and traditional literary periodisations and canons by proposing a new
literary history of the region that is predicated less on metropolitan turning
points and more on southern cultural perspectives in multiple regional centres
from Cape Town to Dunedin. With a focus on southern orientations, southern
audiences, and southern modes of addressivity, Worlding the south foregrounds
marginal, minor, and neglected writers and texts across a hemispheric complex of
southern oceans and terrains. Drawing on an ontological tradition that tests the
dominance of networked theories of globalisation, the collection also asks how
we can better understand the dialectical relationship between the ‘real’ world
in which a literary text or art object exists and the symbolic or conceptual
world it shows or creates. By examining the literary processes of ‘worlding’, it
demonstrates how art objects make legible homogenising imperial and colonial
narratives, inequalities of linguistic power, textual and material violence, and
literary and cultural resistance. With contributions from leading scholars in
nineteenth-century literary and cultural studies, the collection revises
literary histories of the ‘British world’ by arguing for the distinctiveness of
settler colonialism in the southern hemisphere, and by incorporating Indigenous,
diasporic, settler, and other southern perspectives.
Sustainability is a notoriously fraught and slippery term, and yet one that is
now well-established in mainstream usage across the contemporary world. While
sustainability is widely discussed and theorised across range of disciplines,
this book sets out to consider what innovations literary scholarship might bring
to the sustainability debate, and indeed what sustainability as a concept might
bring to literary scholarship. Putting forward a range of essays by leading and
upcoming scholars, this book takes a non-prescriptive and critically reflective
stance towards the problem of sustainability – a stance we describe as critical
sustainability. Essays in this collection accordingly undertake a range of
approaches, from applying tools of literary enquiry in order to interrogate
sustainability’s paradoxes, to investigating the ways in which literature
envisages sustainability or plays out its tropes. Overall, this book seeks to
demonstrate how sustainability’s difficulties might open up a productive
opportunity for interrogation and exploration of the kind that literary scholars
and ecocritics are ideally placed to carry out.
This chapter develops a theory of domestication, which underpins the book’s approach to borders, family, empire, race and government. This begins with a unique reading of Jane Eyre, a key piece of nineteenth-century literature, and explores what the treatment of the character of Bertha Mason can tell us about family and empire. Domestication concerns the organisation of household rule and the push to domesticate untamed and uncivilised elements in the name of heteronormative capitalist order. Drawing from postcolonial, decolonial and black feminism, the chapter shows how the discovery of undomesticated populations was central to domesticating territory through imperialism. Historically, family has related to race just as much as it has to the more familiar inequalities of gender and sexuality. The chapter shows how the figure of Bertha Mason is dehumanised in Jane Eyre as an undomesticated presence within the English manor house. This works as an allegory for the contemporary racialised migrant and citizen.
overlaps between gothic fictions and apparently distinct forms such as the historical novel and the national tale, and positioning the literary gothic not as the disreputable, popular output of hack writers unworthy of cultural memory but as an invaluable body of widely read literature vital to the transnational development of nineteenth-centuryliterature and culture.
The aim of this book has been to outline a new model of gothic literary production reflective of these realities without falling prey either to the trap of unnecessarily limiting
Precedents to sustainability in nineteenth-century literature and
Sustenance from the past: precedents to
sustainability in nineteenth-centuryliterature and culture
Introduction: sustainability has no history
In her 1980 book The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and the Scientific
Revolution, Carolyn Merchant argues both that ‘new social concerns
generate new intellectual and historical problems’ and that ‘new interpretations of the past provide perspectives on the present and hence the power
to change it’ (1980: xvi). While this offers a rationale for the study of
‘Victorian ecology’, the question of whether
‘Gothicism’, ‘historicism’, and the overlap of fictional modes from Thomas Leland to Walter Scott
Conventionally read as a paltry imitation of Scott's model, The Albigenses is not, in fact, Maturin's first or only fictional engagement with the issues of historicity, authenticity, and the translation of popular culture into print central to the Waverley novels. 118 But, it is often held up as proof of the failure of the historical novel to thrive in Ireland, an assessment linked to the obvious overlap of gothic and historical modes of fiction in The Albigenses . 119 The novel is a fascinating example of the cross-formal nature of early nineteenth-centuryliterature
of mortality: among
the most important of these is tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium
tuberculosis. Mycobacteria are intracellular bacterial infections which are
difficult to neutralise and are contained by cellular immunity which is
however also responsible for much of the pathology produced by the infection.
Tuberculosis has been a major cause of death for centuries and, as is known
from nineteenth-centuryliterature, was regarded at that time with the same
apprehension as cancer is at the present time. There is an excellent account
of tuberculosis given by
The hygienic utopia in Jules Verne, Camille Flammarion, and William
Ibid ., 147: ‘une précaution indispensable pour se débarrasser d'une population jaune, qui n'aurait pas manqué de modifier d'une manières assez fâcheuse le type et le génie de la cité nouvelle’.
L. Otis, Membranes: Metaphors of Invasion in Nineteenth-CenturyLiterature, Science, and Politics (Baltimore, MD/London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999), 5
Cancer, modernity, and decline in fin-de-siècle Britain
History, c . 1880–1900 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000); M. Saler (ed.), The Fin-de-Siècle World (London: Routledge, 2015).
L. Otis, Membranes: Metaphors of Invasion in Nineteenth-CenturyLiterature, Science, and Politics (Baltimore, MD/London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999); S. Sontag, Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and its Metaphors (London: Penguin, 2013); M. Stolberg, ‘Metaphors and images of cancer in early
Louisa Atkinson’s recasting of the Australian landscape
Great Bushfire of 1851’, in Tamara S. Wagner (ed.), Victorian Settler Narratives: Emigrants, Cosmopolitans and Returnees in Nineteenth-CenturyLiterature (London and New York: Routledge, 2016), pp 129–39.
29 Mrs Charles [Ellen] Clacy, Lights and Shadows of Australian Life , vol. 1 (London: Hurst & Blackett, 1854), p. 178.
30 Dale Spender, Writing a New World: Two Centuries of Australian Women Writers (London and New York: Pandora, 1988), p. 105.
31 C. A. Cranston and Charles Dawson, ‘Climate and Culture in Australia and New Zealand’, in John Parham