Author: James Paz

Anglo-Saxon ‘things’ could talk. Nonhuman voices leap out from the Exeter Book Riddles, telling us how they were made or how they behave. In The Husband’s Message, runic letters are borne and a first-person speech is delivered by some kind of wooden artefact. Readers of The Dream of the Rood will come across a tree possessing the voice of a dreaming human in order to talk about its own history as a gallows and a rood. The Franks Casket is a box of bone that alludes to its former fate as a whale that swam aground onto the shingle, and the Ruthwell monument is a stone column that speaks as if it were living wood, or a wounded body.

This book uncovers the voice and agency that these nonhuman things have across Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture. It makes a new contribution to ‘thing theory’ and rethinks conventional divisions between animate human subjects and inanimate nonhuman objects in the early Middle Ages. Anglo-Saxon writers and craftsmen describe artefacts and animals through riddling forms or enigmatic language, balancing an attempt to speak and listen to things with an understanding that these nonhumans often elude, defy and withdraw from us. The active role that things have in the early medieval world is also linked to the Germanic origins of the word, where a þing is a kind of assembly, with the ability to draw together other elements, creating assemblages in which human and nonhuman forces combine. Anglo-Saxon things teach us to rethink the concept of voice as a quality that is not simply imposed upon nonhumans but which inheres in their ways of existing and being in the world; they teach us to rethink the concept of agency as arising from within groupings of diverse elements, rather than always emerging from human actors alone.

Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

-technology use. In chapter 7, Leung presents the second analytical lens: actor–network theory. She opens the chapter describing Australia as a country in which the use of digital technology is part of everyday life for most people. This situation can be construed as a scenario in which both human and non-human actors establish a network, characterised by symmetry between the social and the technical ( Latour, 1999 , 2005 ). Leung relies on actor–network theory to reject the binary conceptualisation of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

Ruckenstein and Schüll, we must also consider the nonhuman elements that shape wearables, such as ‘device parameters and affordances, analytical algorithms, data infrastructure, and data itself, as well as the processes and practices around them’ ( Ruckenstein and Schüll, 2017 : 268). A key question in the critical wearables literature is what role digital technologies have played in transforming and commodifying the social fields and bodies involved

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emilian Kavalski and Magdalena Zolkos

provide an inclusive account not just of the human, but also of the non-human interactions in global life (Cudworth and Hobden 2011 ). This chapter aims to address the issue of recognizing nature as an actor 1 in international life – by which we mean the ontological and political reorientation of IR to make itself open and responsive to

in Recognition and Global Politics
Gill Haddow

anything that would promote the acceptability of alternative sources is an important area of exploration. Further, given the importance I stressed at the end of the last chapter on how embodiment is embedded in particular social contexts, are the different transplantable materials (human, non-human animal or mechanical) thought to have differing consequences for subjectivity? In 2016, a series of four focus groups were carried out, followed by a representative questionnaire-based survey of young adults. The focus group study was conducted first for several reasons

in Embodiment and everyday cyborgs
Open Access (free)
On Anglo-Saxon things
James Paz

afterwards, the twisted pattern of fate; that is a wondrous thing to speak.] (Exeter Book Riddle 39)2 Anglo-​Saxon things and theory Things could talk in Anglo-​Saxon literature and material culture. Many of these Anglo-​Saxon things are still with us today and are still talkative. Nonhuman voices leap out from the Exeter Book riddles, telling us where they came from, how they were made, how they do or do not act. In The Husband’s Message, runic letters are borne and a first-​person speech is delivered by some kind of wooden artefact. Readers of The Dream of the Rood in

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Open Access (free)
Sustainability, subject and necessity in Yann Martel’s Life of Pi
Louise Squire

, Life of Pi can be read as replicating and playing out some of sustainability’s tensions as a concept with complex implications. As such, it ruminates upon challenges faced as sustainability infiltrates contemporary and popular consciousness, taking shape as a present day concern. Life of Pi has already been discussed in terms of Pi’s changing responses to the tiger, unexpectedly named Richard Parker, and the implications of these changes with regard to the nonhuman world and to human–nonhuman dualities (for example, see Huggan and Tiffin 2010; McFarland 2014

in Literature and sustainability
Open Access (free)
The production of sports media broadcasts
Roslyn Kerr

genders, races, ethnicities, nationalities and many other factors. But unlike in the study of art, there are very few technicians who examine the exact methods by which sports media are produced. Some of these techniques may be learnt in broadcasting school, or on the job, but within academic literature the topic seems to be almost entirely missing. Latour ( 1992 ) is famous for describing non-humans as the ‘missing masses’ in the study of society. While more recently authors have argued that the increased

in Sport and technology
Open Access (free)
Towards a future of techno-organic hybridity
Gill Haddow

they have never met and know very little about. ‘Dirty pigs’ If a recipient’s subjectivity is altered through contamination from the donor’s human fleshy organs, then there is a risk that other fleshy organs might do the same. Non-human animal organs are thought to have the same potential to cause subjectivity alterations to the recipients. Like inter-species contamination between humans, intra-species procedures such as xenotransplantation make it possible to modify the integrity of the recipient’s body, altering subjectivity. Chapter 2 (the survey with young

in Embodiment and everyday cyborgs
Open Access (free)
Animal, mechanical and me: Technologies that alter subjectivity
Gill Haddow

bioprinting are touted as a means by which the persistent shortfall in human organs can be solved. For many years xenotransplantation has been heralded as having the potential to address the organ shortage. It involves taking organs from non-human animals and transplanting them into human recipients. At the moment pigs are generally preferred due to their organs being a comparable size to human organs, and allegedly raising fewer ethical concerns than using primates. However, despite using porcine valves to replace human heart structures, the replacement of entire human

in Embodiment and everyday cyborgs