Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke
,
Jennifer Becker
,
Sofiya Popovych
,
Mathew Gabriel
, and
Logan Cochrane

life-saving interventions run by humanitarian actors and the expectations set by donors regarding that. Importantly, the research includes and amplifies the voices of programme volunteers and their experiences of humanitarian crisis and response, as well as the effects these have on gender roles within their families and communities. To investigate the extent to which gender transformative action is possible within humanitarian emergencies, this research focuses on Save the Children’s child nutrition programmes in northeast Nigeria. While the ultimate outcome of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

conceptualised as smart devices that can be placed on or inside aid recipients’ bodies for many purposes, including tracking and protecting health, safety and nutrition. This may involve delivering or monitoring reproductive health, producing security and accountability through more efficient registration, or monitoring or delivering nutrition. I argue that, to unpack this co-production, it is necessary to look beyond technological innovation and subsequent processes of adoption and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lucy Bassett
and
J. Charles Bradley

humanitarian response. We also looked at the main gaps in the five areas that experts agree are essential for children’s holistic development: good health, adequate nutrition, security and safety, responsive caregiving and opportunities for early learning. 2 Main Findings Half the world’s refugees are children; more detailed guidance on supporting them is needed. Attention to young children and their caregivers is present but should be more detailed. While all fifteen humanitarian standards and guidance documents reviewed address children, less than half

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

assistance has been steadily increasing ( Norad, 2016 ). The sectors for which evaluations have taken place appear to differ significantly from the funding flows. This requires some context, as the OECD classifications of funding do not necessarily align with the UN OCHA sectors utilised in this study. For example, the UN OCHA sectors/clusters of ‘health’ and ‘nutrition’ might be funded under humanitarian assistance, along with ‘coordination’, ‘disaster management’, ‘post emergency recovery’ and ‘protection’. If these sectors are combined, 53 (54%) of the evaluation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell
and
Peter Hailey

rapidly increasing and has risen sharply since early 2020 ( FAO/WFP, 2020 ). ‘Famine’ retains the power to shock. On the one hand, mention of ‘famine’ awakens humanitarian actors to a serious food/nutrition/health crisis that has been ignored or under-funded: the risk of famine in Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria and Yemen prompted the US Congress to allocate an additional $990 million in 2017, despite pressure to reduce – not increase – foreign

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings
and
Lauren Harris

DPRK since 1995, with over 230 groups working in the shared spaces for collaboration where regime and humanitarian interests overlap, e.g. boosting agricultural capacity ( Zadeh-Cummings, 2019 ). Food security has continued to elude the DPRK. The country has struggled to provide adequate nutrition, healthcare, disaster prevention and recovery, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities for its citizens. The Glossary of Humanitarian Terms ( ReliefWeb 2008 : 21) defines an emergency as ‘a sudden and usually unforeseen event that calls for immediate

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé
and
Joanna Kuper

plans for projects in Unity state rested on the assumption of a stable environment in the years to come. In Bentiu, the capital of Unity state, MSF-H had ceased its nutritional activities in 2012–13 and invested instead in the treatment of tuberculosis and HIV patients in Bentiu State Hospital, both pathologies requiring long-term and sustained care. In Leer, where it had been independently running the town’s hospital since 2005, the organisation was planning a phased withdrawal

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

, vulnerability and consequences. 8 The latter includes not only genetic predisposition to virus susceptibility, but also neglect of pre-existing health conditions and of related needs (such as nutritional intake). These may arise not only from poverty, but also from mental health fluctuation, or from gender-based violence which has increased globally during lockdowns – often the cause of poor mental health. 9 Thus, the pandemic continues to impact adversely upon mental health

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot
,
Lisa DiPangrazio
,
Dorcas Acen
,
Veronica Gatpan
, and
Ronald Apunyo

and barriers across different sectors: education, protection, health, nutrition, food security and livelihoods, including economic empowerment. The gender assessment also sought to identify risks, vulnerabilities and coping mechanisms among communities as well as opportunities to increase voice and participation of women and girls. Child marriage was identified as a particular area of interest for the South Sudan office. To conduct the gender assessment, surveys, focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews (KIIs) were used. The study was conducted in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

has spawned a narcissistic culture of bodily fitness, healthy lifestyles and making good choices, while in the South, a post-humanitarian ethic has disaggregated, medicalised and reduced precarity to the basic nutritional, energy, health, sanitation, education, financial and psychic requirements needed to maintain bodily functioning ( Jaspars, 2015 ). Everywhere, resilience, or the injunction to endlessly adapt before unmediated market and environmental forces, has become the zeitgeist of late-modernity ( Evans and Reid, 2014 ). As the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs