The potential and challenges of a chemical-free golf alternative
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

mainstream ‘light-green’ turn – an alter-golf response that both values golf and, generally speaking, seeks to excise synthetic chemicals . This more radical alter-golf approach – as compared to the moderate approaches adopted by industry members – is known as ‘organic golf’. Below, we describe what organic golf is and why we think it is, in fact, a more radical alternative to even the most progressive industry-led responses to environmental problems. We also address questions about why this alternative to

in The greening of golf
The manifold materialities of human remains
Claudia Fonseca and Rodrigo Grazinoli Garrido

In this article we explore the relational materiality of fragments of human cadavers used to produce DNA profiles of the unidentified dead at a forensic genetics police laboratory in Rio de Janeiro. Our point of departure is an apparently simple problem: how to discard already tested materials in order to open up physical space for incoming tissue samples. However, during our study we found that transforming human tissues and bone fragments into disposable trash requires a tremendous institutional investment of energy, involving negotiations with public health authorities, criminal courts and public burial grounds. The dilemma confronted by the forensic genetic lab suggests not only how some fragments are endowed with more personhood than others, but also how the very distinction between human remains and trash depends on a patchwork of multiple logics that does not necessarily perform according to well-established or predictable scripts.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

, the focus of this paper is late-capitalism’s absorption and reproduction of the informal economies of the global South, especially the role of post-humanitarianism in governing global precarity. The question of social reproduction is important here. Encompassing the reproduction of human beings as a biological species, social reproduction is an organic part of capitalism. It includes birthing and caring for the young, sick and old while maintaining family, friendship and wider community linkages, identities and moralities ( Fraser, 2016

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

Justice , 8 : 1 , 31 – 52 . Purdeková , A. ( 2011 ), ‘“Even If I Am Not Here, There Are So Many Eyes”: Surveillance and State Reach in Rwanda’ , Journal of Modern African Studies , 49 : 3 , 475 – 97 . Purdeková , A. ( 2015 ), Making Ubumwe: Power, State and Camps in Rwanda’s Unity-Building Project ( Chicago : Berghahn Books ). Republic of Rwanda ( 2001 ), ‘Organic Law No 40/2000 of 26/01/2001 setting up gacaca jurisdictions and organising prosecutions for offences constituting the crime of genocide or crimes against humanity committed between

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Sport, globalization and the environment

Golf is a major global industry. It is played by more than 60 million people worldwide, and there are more than 32 000 courses in 140 countries across the globe. Golf is a sport that has traditionally appealed to the wealthy and powerful in particular, though it attracts players and spectators from a wide range of demographics. Golf has also received criticism regarding its impact on the environment, particularly when it comes to the appropriation of land for golf course development and the use of water and pesticides in course management. The golf industry has, over time, responded to these and other concerns by stressing its capacity for recognizing and dealing with environmental problems. Yet there are reasons to be sceptical about the golf industry's environmental leadership – and, indeed, to be sceptical about corporate environmentalism in general. This book looks at the power relationships in and around golf, examining whether the industry has demonstrated such leadership on environmental matters that it should be trusted to make weighty decisions that have implications for public and environmental health. This is the first comprehensive study of the varying responses to golf-related environmental issues. It is based on extensive empirical work, including research into historical materials and interviews with stakeholders in golf such as course superintendents, protesters, and health professionals. The authors examine golf as a sport and as a global industry, drawing on and contributing to literatures pertaining to environmental sociology, global social movements, institutional change, corporate environmentalism and the sociology of sport.

Open Access (free)
Relational reflexivity in the ‘alternative’ food movement
Jonathan Murdoch and Mara Miele

quality, rarity and esteem for artisanal methods . . . The future will be much more like the past than the pundits of futurology have foretold. This ‘artisanal reaction’ comprises a turn towards products that are apparently delivered by simpler and more natural processes of production and preparation than is usually the case in mass markets. Local foods, organic foods, traditional foods, GM-free foods, and the like, have become popular in recent years as consumers look for enhanced security through some reengagement with natural qualities (Nygard and Storstad 1998

in Qualities of food
Open Access (free)
Towards a future of techno-organic hybridity
Gill Haddow

kinds of materials that could be used to repair and replace the body? To what effects? The technologies of human, animal and mechanical that could be used to restore the body are socially constructed within a nexus of human relationships defining them as human/non-human, male/female, natural/artificial, technological/organic, persons/species and clean/dirty. The way meanings are associated with these materials have consequences for identity and control; of reflexivity and the experiential; of matter and modality; and form and function. A sociology of embodiment In

in Embodiment and everyday cyborgs
Open Access (free)
Animal, mechanical and me: Technologies that alter subjectivity
Gill Haddow

’ (Voice-over to ‘The Six Million Dollar Man’, American TV Series, 1974–1978). It is 2015, and I am interviewing Maggie, six weeks after she has had an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) fitted in order to prevent her from having a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). She shares with Steve Austen the fact that she too has to live a techno-organic hybrid life, allowing cybernetic systems to control some of her vital functions. Unlike Steve Austen, Maggie is not better, stronger or faster. This book is about individuals such as Maggie who are everyday cyborgs

in Embodiment and everyday cyborgs
Open Access (free)
Speaking of Ireland
Colin Graham

discussion of the strategies of writing about Ireland in relation to the critical ‘self’ which becomes implicated in that ‘Ireland’. I examine the role which the ‘warmer memory’ of ‘the people’ crucially undertakes in the processes of a criticism which takes to itself or asserts identity politics, and discuss the ‘organic’ necessities of Norquay_03_Ch2 32 22/3/02, 9:46 am 33 Speaking of Ireland the intellectual as they are reacted against and reconstructed in Joyce’s Stephen Dedalus. Barthes’ Michelet, my argument goes, exemplifies the fact that ‘crossing marginality

in Across the margins
Familiarisation and estrangement in Seamus Heaney’s later poetry
Joanna Cowper

writing that outstrips the conditions even as it observes them.3 This is the agenda behind Heaney’s poetry of estrangement, in which he consciously strives to transform the quotidian into the fantastic. Such poetry can be subdivided into two groups, the first of which might be termed ‘artificial’, in that it achieves estrangement through the deliberate assumption on Heaney’s part of a stance or persona calculated to offer a new perspective. This type of estrangement is typical of Heaney’s earliest attempts to ‘make strange’. The second mode of estrangement is ‘organic

in Irish literature since 1990