Mel Bunce

story was shared more than 300,000 times ( Dzieza, 2014 ) and may have contributed to the wider landscape of panic and xenophobia surrounding the epidemic. Online disinformation has also exacerbated conflict. In South Sudan, the UN reports that social media ‘has been used by partisans on all sides, including some senior government officials, to exaggerate incidents, spread falsehoods and veiled threats, or post outright messages of incitement’ ( UN Security Council, 2016 : 10). In one instance, a false news story, published on the website

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

important international relief groups, as well as caritative arms of the UN system, on funding from the Gates Foundation and other new philanthropies created in its wake, the humanitarian world seems to have become increasingly resigned to this new dispensation; and realistically it is difficult to see how it could be otherwise. 3 Humanitarian NGOs have to a greater or lesser degree understood this. The real shock has been to the human rights movement, wedded for too long to a deterministic view that its triumph was inevitable. The panic, but

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

Bentiu, we knew that the town would most probably become a battleground. There was an atmosphere of panic, and people started leaving the town. The fighting became very close and it was dangerous to move around. We made the decision to evacuate on 8 January. … We left supplies with the patients and their caretakers so they could continue their treatment even if they couldn’t access a health facility – a ‘runaway pack

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

’, The Review of International Organizations , 11 : 3 , 337 – 59 . Clements , A. ( 2018 ), ‘ Overcoming Power Asymmetry in Humanitarian Negotiations with Armed Groups ’, International Negotiation , 23 : 3 , 367 – 93 . Dandoy , A. ( 2014 ), ‘ Towards a Bourdieusian Frame of Moral Panic Analysis: The History of a Moral Panic inside the Field of Humanitarian Aid ’, Theoretical Criminology , 19 : 3 , 416 – 33 . Dandoy , A. and Pérouse de Montclos , M-A. ( 2013 ), ‘Humanitarian Workers in Peril? Deconstructing the Myth of the New and Growing

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Civilian morale in Britain during the Second World War
Author: Robert Mackay

How well did civilian morale stand up to the pressures of total war and what factors were important to it? This book rejects contentions that civilian morale fell a long way short of the favourable picture presented at the time and in hundreds of books and films ever since. While acknowledging that some negative attitudes and behaviour existed—panic and defeatism, ration-cheating and black-marketeering—it argues that these involved a very small minority of the population. In fact, most people behaved well, and this should be the real measure of civilian morale, rather than the failing of the few who behaved badly. The book shows that although before the war, the official prognosis was pessimistic, measures to bolster morale were taken nevertheless, in particular with regard to protection against air raids. An examination of indicative factors concludes that moral fluctuated but was in the main good, right to the end of the war. In examining this phenomenon, due credit is accorded to government policies for the maintenance of morale, but special emphasis is given to the ‘invisible chain’ of patriotic feeling that held the nation together during its time of trial.

Robert Mackay

discounted as likely to be counter-productive for civilian morale. It was at least carried out in an orderly, organized way, without any suggestion of a panic rush. None the less, in various ways the evacuation did turn out to be a source of pressure on civilian morale. Official propaganda was naturally positive about the whole operation. Short documentary films made for general release showed the evacuees settling down happily among welcoming hosts in the countryside, enjoying the change of scene and at the same time gaining an educationally enriching experience. The

in Half the battle
Institutions and the challenges of refugee governance
Dalia Abdelhady

that challenged the specific ways the refugee crisis was constructed and used to justify policy shifts do not contest the institutional logic that informed the very construction of the crisis. Conclusion In this chapter, I have traced the construction of a refugee crisis in 2015 in Swedish mainstream newspapers. Focusing on the most dominant frame, institutional responsibility, I demonstrate that a sense of panic emerged when increasing numbers of people were seeking asylum in and through Sweden. This panic transpired when old rules and regulations were found

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Open Access (free)
The racecourse and racecourse life
Mike Huggins

in the ancillary activities such as sideshows, food and drink provision, tipsters or bookmakers are next explored, before the chapter concludes with an assessment of the ‘moral panic’ associated with the racecourse crime of the early 1920s. W Transport Travel to the races was important to the racing experience. Changes in the dominant mode of transport, with their implications for conspicuous display, social interaction, and patterns of accommodation use in the racing towns, form a peripheral but important theme in the social history of racing. As a sport with

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39
Queen Victoria, photography and film at the fin de siècle
Ian Christie

exclusively by Charles Moisson and Francis Doublier for Lumière, the new Tsar was to be presented to the ordinary people of Russia at Khodynka Field, a military parade ground outside Moscow. Some half-million people gathered from early in the morning to receive a souvenir package of food and gifts from the Tsar, but in the afternoon a rumour began to spread that there would not be enough for all. Panic spread

in The British monarchy on screen
Open Access (free)
Alison Rowlands

Introduction This book is a study of the trials involving allegations and confessions of maleficient or demonic witchcraft that took place in the German city of Rothenburg ob der Tauber between c. 1561 and c. 1652. It has two aims. First, it will explain why Rothenburg had a restrained pattern of witch-hunting during this period, with relatively few trials (even fewer of which ended in guilty verdicts against alleged witches); no mass-panics involving large numbers of accused witches; and the execution of only one alleged witch.1 Second, it will offer detailed

in Witchcraft narratives in Germany