Steven Fielding

8 Engaging with participation Most contemporaries dismissed Labour’s attempts to accommodate demands for government to promote greater popular access to decisionmaking. Those on the New Left presumed the Cabinet opposed greater involvement in the political process; such critics adhered to Ralph Miliband’s contention that the leadership was devoted to the parliamentary system and implacably hostile to those who challenged the constitutional status quo.1 Censure was not, however, restricted to the far left. The backbench MP John Mackintosh was one of an

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
The films of David and Judith MacDougall in Africa and Australia
Paul Henley

for granted that it is difficult to appreciate just how transformative this innovation was for documentary film-making. But in my view, the step-change that portable synchronous sound enabled in ethnographic film-making was considerably greater than the much-vaunted advent of digital technology a generation later. Certainly it is difficult to imagine the more collaborative approaches of the 1970s and 1980s taking place without it. Reflexivity and participation In the course of the 1970s, two new terms became commonplace in the

in Beyond observation
Anne Kerr, Choon Key Chekar, Emily Ross, Julia Swallow, and Sarah Cunningham-Burley

articulating this value by and for patients, even if it does not always result in effective treatments or cures. At the same time, we have explored how the value of personalised medicine endeavours, particularly larger-scale research initiatives, is linked to the future of the wider bioeconomy, focused on economic gain generated by providing better services for more patients. Across this landscape of value generation, patient participation is crucial – patients need to provide data, experiment with treatments and enact responsibilities, to be engaged and remain active in

in Personalised cancer medicine
Rousseau as a constitutionalist
Mads Qvortrup

3 Checks, balances and popular participation: Rousseau as a constitutionalist The liberty of the whole of humanity did not justify the shedding of blood of a single man. (Jean-Jacques Rousseau, L. 5450) Rousseau’s denunciation of violence as a means to an end, in his letter to the Countess of Wartesleben, is in stark contrast to the picture painted of him by his adversaries (see the previous chapter). While it is generally acknowledged that J.L. Talmon (1952) was unduly one-sided (HampsherMonk 1995) when accusing Rousseau’s ‘Jacobin’ philosophy for requiring

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Felix M. Bivens

19 MA in Participation, power and social change at University of Sussex Felix M. Bivens Context The MA in Participation (MAP) had its first intake of students in 2004. MAP is the product of several years of planning and more years of previous work by the Participation, Power and Social Change (PPSC) team at Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex. The roots of PPSC connect to the highly influential work of Robert Chambers in the field of participatory development. In the 1990s, his books, including Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First

in Knowledge, democracy and action
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

the humanitarian sector. We set out our own ‘responsible ambition’ ( Elrha, 2018b ) for humanitarian innovation in 2018 with ethics, participation and local engagement as areas of key concern. The articles by Hunt et al. and Sandvik (Innovation Issue) refer to ethical concerns with the introduction of new actors, practices and technologies along with innovation to the humanitarian sector and the risks involved, particularly for communities affected by crises. As Sandvik notes: Experimental innovation in the testing and application of new technologies and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

the genocide, the motivations for participation, and the significance of violence perpetrated by the Rwandan Patriotic Front – but on the whole, I contend that the analysis holds up. Finally, I argue that the production of Leave None to Tell , where human rights organisations engaged in academic research, is a model worth replicating. Key Findings in Leave None to Tell the Story Beginning in March 1995, a team of researchers for HRW and FIDH began collecting data about the 1994 violence in Rwanda. Des Forges took the lead in interviewing national leaders

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

challenges. The fact that, two and a half decades on, Somalia struggles to shake off its reputation (warranted or not) as a ‘hopeless’ case, and the practical demands of working in such a complex crisis over a long time period, carried particular resonance for participants more immediately concerned with what is occurring in contemporary Syria and South Sudan, for example. The participation of two Somali colleagues (via Skype), along with members of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

’s participation, and as a project of development, involving the transformation of “traditional” or “backward” refugee cultures into modern societies’ ( Olivius, 2016 : 270). While refugee women’s agency, courage and resilience are often elevated within contemporary humanitarian discourses, there is still a tendency to represent them as ‘vulnerable and victimized … in need of protection from their own culture’ ( Olivius, 2016 : 282), and being entangled in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

encourage a more bottom-up and participatory, flexible approach. The Grand Bargain agreement that emerged from the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit endorses the wider use of cash, an increase commitment to ‘localisation’, or an increase in direct channelling of funds to local actors, and encourages a ‘participation revolution’ (IASC). All point to the need for more flexibility and this is reflected in the increasing interest in ‘adaptive management’, a recognition that it is hard to get it right at the outset and that needs and priorities have a temporal aspect, changing as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs