The display of human remains is a controversial issue in many contemporary societies, with many museums globally removing them from display. However, their place in genocide memorials is also contested. Objections towards the display of remains are based strongly in the social sciences and humanities, predicated on assumptions made regarding the relationship between respect, identification and personhood. As remains are displayed scientifically and anonymously, it is often argued that the personhood of the remains is denied, thereby rendering the person ‘within’ the remains invisible. In this article I argue that the link between identification and personhood is, in some contexts, tenuous at best. Further, in the context of Cambodia, I suggest that such analyses ignore the ways that local communities and Cambodians choose to interact with human remains in their memorials. In such contexts, the display of the remains is central to restoring their personhood and dignity.
In this article we explore the relational materiality of fragments of human
cadavers used to produce DNA profiles of the unidentified dead at a forensic
genetics police laboratory in Rio de Janeiro. Our point of departure is an
apparently simple problem: how to discard already tested materials in order to
open up physical space for incoming tissue samples. However, during our study we
found that transforming human tissues and bone fragments into disposable trash
requires a tremendous institutional investment of energy, involving negotiations
with public health authorities, criminal courts and public burial grounds. The
dilemma confronted by the forensic genetic lab suggests not only how some
fragments are endowed with more personhood than others, but also how the very
distinction between human remains and trash depends on a patchwork of multiple
logics that does not necessarily perform according to well-established or
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in
Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith
( 2018 ), ‘ Displacement from Gendered
Personhood: Sexual Violence and Masculinities in Northern
Uganda ’, International Affairs ,
2018 , 94 : 5 ,
1101 – 19 .
( 2019 ), ‘ “To Me, Justice Means to
Be in a Group”: Survivors’ Groups as a Pathway to Justice in
socio-cultural embeddedness and its restorative and conciliatory potential. 14 The gacaca practice went against the grain of these socio-cultural practices. Other, mainly non-judicial approaches on dealing with the past in Rwanda have demonstrated much more success by imbuing programme activities with the endogenous principles underlying the social construction of personhood in Rwanda, especially in the domains of socio-therapy ( Richters et al. , 2010 ; Richters, Rutayisire and Dekker, 2010 ; Richters, 2010 ) or community-level reconstruction and conflict
2017; Fargues 2017; Gibney 2017), I argue that de facto deprivation of
rights and personhood was arguably foundational to modern citizenship.
Rather than an aberration of citizenship, the racialised control we see
today is better understood as an intensification of this past function.
This I argue reveals a particular type of imperial family drama which
rages through British citizenship.
I conclude the chapter by considering how contemporary rights and
citizenship are shaped by the historical figurations of the ‘indentured
labourer’ and the
much more than what was already known by the anthropology
professors of Columbia (Brodber 1997 : 153).
Yet the extraction of data is not the point of
celestial ethnography; it is rather to cultivate a retrieval of
collective personhood from spiritual resources – from the waters of
the inside, where the outside is a desert. As Ella herself finally
passes, she gushes forth ‘one
To conclude, Chapter 6, ‘Kinship and community’, places the cemeteries back
into their cultural context by discussing the legal and textual evidence.
Like Chapter 1, this chapter explores whole cemeteries. Each preceding
chapter built on the last to introduce thematic elements; this chapter
explores cemeteries as complete, and as social phenomena. It establishes
cemetery space as a unique and local creation. Each cemetery used different
methods which could differentiate between groups of graves and identify
distinguished individuals from different generations. However, the creation
of these burials was not solely to reconstruct the personhood of the
deceased; it also recreated community narrative with a ‘scopic regime’. This
localised way of seeing used gender and life course as well as situational,
political and regional identities within a conglomerate, multi-layered mesh
of characteristics. It is this dispositional difference between graves, and
between sites and across regions that can be used to discuss the nature of
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.
The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand,
and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that
violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state)
health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence
against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human
rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence
against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of
the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the
horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’
dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional
and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept
of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence
against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on
the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised
in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an
innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due
diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment).
The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the
ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).
and Norvig 2003: 375–459); to possess ‘knowledge representation’ (Russel
and Norvig 2003: 320–63) or the ability to retain, parse and apply the
extreme number of discrete facts, truths and logical paths that we take for
granted, and be able to use this information to reason; to possess subjectivity;
and much more. A number of projects are ongoing, attempting to develop
and integrate one or more of these functions into ‘artificial brains’, using
digitally modelled neural networks and other technologies. These include
Cyc (New Scientist 2006; Cycorp 2016