New narratives on health, care and citizenship in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

This edited volume offers the first comprehensive historical overview of the Belgian medical field in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Its chapters develop narratives that go beyond traditional representations of medicine in national overviews, which have focused mostly on state–profession interactions. Instead, the chapters bring more complex histories of health, care and citizenship. These new histories explore the relation between medicine and a variety of sociopolitical and cultural views and realities, treating themes such as gender, religion, disability, media, colonialism, education and social activism. The novelty of the book lies in its thorough attention to the (too often little studied) second half of the twentieth century and to the multiplicity of actors, places and media involved in the medical field. In assembling a variety of new scholarship, the book also makes a contribution to ‘decentring’ the European historiography of medicine by adding the perspective of a particular country – Belgium – to the literature.

Open Access (free)
A former founding father in search of control
Ben J.S. Hoetjes

good cause, to be left to the experts and to the elite. Until the mid-1960s, when the system of pillarisation1 was still in force, the general public was quite willing to leave politics to its pillarised elites (Catholic, Protestant, Socialist or Liberal-Conservative). Within the political elite, there was hardly any disagreement about European integration, and the general public played its role as a ‘captive audience’. In the mid-1960s, relations between the voters and the elite, and within the elite, became less predictable. New parties emerged, and ‘floating

in Fifteen into one?
Dirk Luyten
and
David Guilardian

studied in the political context of what is termed today the ‘pillarisation’ of Belgian society; a process of fragmentation and reorganisation of the country’s social life around the three main dominant political families competing for national dominance. Most organisations and institutions belonged to one of the three political ‘pillars’ – whether

in Medical histories of Belgium
Benoît Majerus
and
Pieter Verstraete

educated. 27 In reality, however, children with severe mental disabilities could still frequently be encountered within the confines of a psychiatric institution until well into the twentieth century. ‘Pillarisation’ and the advent of compulsory education While the aforementioned religious, economic and political factors clearly played a role in the

in Medical histories of Belgium
Geoffrey K. Roberts
and
Patricia Hogwood

paedophile scandal (Belgium) pantouflage peaceful revolution (East Germany) perestroika Petersberg Agreements (Germany) pillarisation political asylum [See: asylum] Politikverdrossenheit poll tax popular front populism postmaterialism Potsdam conference Poujadism privatisation Profumo Affair proportional representation

in The politics today companion to West European Politics