Sidi NDiaye

This article describes the brutalisation of the bodies of Tutsi and Jewish victims in 1994 and during the Second World War, respectively, and contrasts the procedures adopted by killers to understand what these deadly practices say about the imaginaries at work in Rwanda and Poland. Dealing with the infernalisation of the body, which eventually becomes a form of physical control, this comparative work examines the development of groups and communities of killers in their particular social and historical context. Different sources are used, such as academic works, reports from victims organisations and non-governmental organisations, books, testimonies and film documentaries.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
From universalisation to relativism
David Bruce MacDonald

Jews were no longer safe in the Diaspora. While pogroms had been a constant feature of Jewish existence since the time of the first crusades, never before had Europe’s entire Jewish population been under threat. For some Zionists, Israel might provide a means of somehow mitigating the horrific effects of the Holocaust, if Jews were willing to work together to create a state. At the very least it would give the Jews a homeland safe from persecution, while ridding Europe’s Displaced Persons camps of some of their inhabitants. Thus could triumphalist Zionists like

in Balkan holocausts?
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

position of the Bolsheviks, at least after 1905, was that antisemitism was a fundamentally reactionary force, when it came to combating antisemitism even and perhaps especially during the revolution, the practice was quite different. As Brendon McGeevor has shown, the Red Army itself committed extensive antisemitic violence and was responsible for over 8% of pogroms launched in the Ukraine (Petluira's counter-revolutionary army being responsible for some 40%). Prominent

in Antisemitism and the left
Alexander Korb

Allgemeine Zeitung, 27 March 2010, p. 3; for the Četnici see J. Jurjević, Pogrom u Krnjeuši 9. i 10. kolovoza 1941 (Zagreb: Vikarijat Banjalučke biskupije, 1999). 01/09/2014 17:28:39 An ethnicized civil war: Croatia  123 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 HRMV.indb 123 M. Djilas, Der Krieg der Partisanen: Jugoslawien 1941–1945 (Vienna: Molden Verlag, 1978), p. 126. [In English: Wartime (New York: Har­ court, 1980)] See for example Der Spiegel online, ‘Einestages, Rätsel der ver­ schwundenen Division’, http

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Confronting relativism in Serbia and Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

standard of oppression’, to quote Finkielkraut, have become readily available to other groups. Our tendency to see the Nazis as the ultimate manifestation of secular evil, and the Jews as the paradigm of the victim, has given nations a template within which to structure and understand their national histories. The frequent use of the terms ‘Holocaust’, ‘death camps’, ‘death marches’, ‘exoduses’, and ‘pogroms’ highlighted the victimised qualities of Serbs and Croats. These were combined with distinctly Christian images – ‘Calvary’, ‘way of the cross’, and ‘crucifixion

in Balkan holocausts?
David Bruce MacDonald

-wing nationalist Josip Frank, whose Frankovci were later to start ‘a systematic anti-Serbian and anti-Orthodox campaign’, which resulted in ‘pogroms, exiles . . . and the first attempt of genocide upon the Serbian people’.112 It was clear once again that the rise of Croatian nationalism in the nineteenth century equalled genocide. Historically, Starčević was known as a Croatian linguistic reformer (albeit a Croatian nationalistic one), who standardised the Croatian language as distinct from the Serbian. For contemporary writers, Starčević’s project was denounced as

in Balkan holocausts?
The return of the repressed in Roddy Doyle’s Paula Spencer
Jennifer M. Jeffers

centuries of Irish-Ireland racism toward Jews and Travellers, in particular; racism that had nothing to do with colonisation or Britain. For example, the founder of Sinn Féin and well-known anti-Semite Arthur Griffin, who also participated in the Limerick Pogrom of 1904–06, was the author of numerous anti-Semitic essays, including this editorial printed in the United Irishman in 1904: No thoughtful Irishman or woman can view without apprehension the continuous influx of Jews into Ireland . . . strange people, alien to us in thought, alien to us in sympathy, from Russia

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
David Bruce MacDonald

cyclical teleology and used it to create their own state, free from the horrors of centuries of discriminatory legislation, pogrom, and massacre. Perhaps the most important aspect of Zionism, however, was something over which they had little control. The Holocaust, which occurred between 1941 and 1945, saw almost 6 million Jews systematically killed by the German Nazi regime – arguably the greatest Fall in the history of Judaism. Some viewed the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 as the greatest recompense and Redemption since the restoration of the Kingdom some 2

in Balkan holocausts?
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

parents were small children when antisemitic pogroms in Eastern Europe obliged the families to travel west. Now I began to see both how interesting these lives had been, and how the memory of forced exile persists through the generations. Although I have some resistance to the notion of ‘second-generation’ Holocaust survivors (that is their children, assumed to inherit their trauma at one remove), I am entirely persuaded by Marianne Hirsch’s notion of ‘postmemory’. Postmemory characterizes the experience of those who grow up dominated by narratives that preceded their

in Austerity baby
Christopher K. Colley and Sumit Gunguly

States in September 2014, and the second was President Obama’s visit to India in January 2015. Modi’s trip to America Prior to becoming India’s prime minister in the spring of 2014, Modi was banned from entering the United States. The US State Department had refused to issue him a visa by citing the International Religious Freedom Act, which banned foreign officials who were responsible for serious violations of religious freedom from entering the United States. In 2002, an anti-Muslim pogrom had taken place in the Indian state of Gujarat during Modi’s term as the

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific