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The impossibility of reason
Author: Mads Qvortrup

This book presents an overview of Jean–Jacques Rousseau's work from a political science perspective. Was Rousseau — the great theorist of the French Revolution—really a conservative? The text argues that the author of ‘The Social Contract’ was a constitutionalist much closer to Madison, Montesquieu, and Locke than to revolutionaries. Outlining his profound opposition to Godless materialism and revolutionary change, this book finds parallels between Rousseau and Burke, as well as showing that Rousseau developed the first modern theory of nationalism. It presents an integrated political analysis of Rousseau's educational, ethical, religious and political writings.

Open Access (free)
The European Union and its member states

This book takes up traditional approaches to political science. It aims to offer a mixture of conventional and specific analyses and insights for different groups of readers. In view of the European Union's multi-level and multi-actor polity, the book highlights the complex procedural and institutional set-up of nation states preparing and implementing decisions made by the institutions of the European Community (EC). In looking at the emerging and evolving realities of the European polity, it shows how European institutions and Member States (re-)act and interact in a new institutional and procedural set-up. It explores how governmental and non-governmental actors in different national settings adapt to common challenges, constraints and opportunities for which they are mainly themselves responsible. The book discusses the Belgian policy toward European integration as a significant demonstration of its commitment to multilateralism and international co-operation in security and economic affairs. Attitudes to European integration in Denmark, Germany, Finland, Greece, and Spain are discussed. Tendencies towards 'Europeanisation' and 'sectoralisation' of the ministerial administration during the process of European integration and the typical administrative pluralism of the Italian political system seem to have mutually reinforced each other. Strong multi-level players are able to increase their access and influence at both levels and to use their position on one level for strengthening their say on the other. German and Belgian regions might develop into these kinds of actors. A persistent trend during the 1990s is traced towards stronger national performers, particularly in terms of adaptations and reactions to Maastricht Treaty.

Editor: Peter Burnell

Democratization is a major political phenomenon of the age and has been the focus of a burgeoning political science literature. This book considers democratization across a range of disciplines, from anthropology and economics, to sociology, law and area studies. The construction of democratization as a unit of study reflects the intellectual standpoint of the inquirer. The book highlights the use of normative argument to legitimize the exercise of power. From the 1950s to the 1980s, economic success enabled the authoritarian governments of South Korea and Taiwan to achieve a large measure of popular support despite the absence of democracy. The book outlines what a feminist framework might be and analyses feminist engagements with the theory and practice of democratization. It also shows how historians have contributed to the understanding of the processes of democratization. International Political Economy (IPE) has always had the potential to cut across the levels-of-analysis distinction. A legal perspective on democratization is presented by focusing on a tightly linked set of issues straddling the border between political and judicial power as they have arisen. Classic and contemporary sociological approaches to understanding democracy and democratization are highlighted, with particular attention being accorded to the post-1989 period. The book displays particularities within a common concern for institutional structures and their performance, ranging over the representation of women, electoral systems and constitutions (in Africa) and presidentialism (in Latin America). Both Europe and North America present in their different ways a kind of bridge between domestic and international dimensions of democratization.

Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

. (eds), The Discursive Politics of Gender Equality – Stretching, Bending and Policymaking ( Abingdon : Routledge ), pp. 19 – 35 . Bacchi , C. L. ( 2012 ), ‘ Why Study Problematizations? Making Politics Visible ’, Open Journal of Political Science , 2 : 1 , 1 – 8

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

française et miliciens maï-maï de l’Est de la République démocratique du Congo (1996–2010)’ ( Masters 1 research thesis in Political Science, Institut d’études politiques de Lille, supervised by Sara Dezalay, defended on 6 June 2011, 161 pp. ). Brabant , J. ( 2013a ), ‘“Le grade, ça vient de la brousse”. Alliances et

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

did Michele Wagner and Christine Deslaurier, while I was trained in political science and Catherine Choquet worked at the University of Paris 1. Kirsti Lattu and Trish Hiddleston had backgrounds in humanitarian work. Only Eric Gillet and Lynn Welchman had backgrounds as human rights lawyers, the more typical qualification for a human rights researcher. In closing, I want to suggest that this cooperative project between academics and human rights organisations was a highly beneficial endeavour that should be a model for future collaborations. Research done by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

August 2020 ). Leiber , C. ( 2017 ), ‘ Analyzing Culture as an Obstacle to Gender Equality in a Non-Western Context: Key Areas of Conflict between International Women’s Rights and Cultural Rights in South Sudan ’, International Journal of Law and Political Sciences , 11 : 6 , 1522 – 36

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

& Development , 5 : 2 , 141 – 59 . Duffield , M. ( 2007 ), Development, Security and Unending War: Governing the World of Peoples ( Cambridge : Polity Press ). Evans , B. and Giroux , H. A. ( 2015 ), Disposable Futures: The Seduction of Violence in the Age of the Spectacle ( San Francisco : City Lights Books ). Evans , B. ( 2008 ), ‘ The Zapatista Insurgency: Bringing the Political Back into Conflict Analysis ’, New Political Science , 30 : 4 , 497 – 520 . Evans , B. ( 2010 ), ‘ Life Resistance: Towards a Different Concept of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

). Bibliography Barnett , M. ( 2011 ), Empire of Humanity: A History of Humanitarianism ( Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press ). Barry , B. ( 1990 ), ‘ How Not to Defend Liberal Institutions ’, British Journal of Political Science , 20 : 1 , 1 – 14 . BBC ( 2018a ), ‘ Oxfam Haiti Allegations: How the Scandal Unfolded ’, www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-43112200 (accessed 9 September 2018 ). BBC ( 2018b ), ‘ DR Congo to Shun Its Own Donor Conference in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

, Paper No. 4, Raising Voices, http://raisingvoices.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Paper-4-COFEM.final_.sept2017.pdf (accessed 18 July 2020 ). Cohen , D. K. ( 2013 ), ‘ Explaining Rape during Civil War: Cross-National Evidence (1980–2009) ’, American Political Science Review , 107 : 3 , 461 – 77

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs