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This book provides an introduction to how the Länder (the sixteen states of Germany) function, not only within the country itself, but also within the wider context of Europe's political affairs. It looks at the Länder in the constitutional order of the country, as well as their political and administrative systems, and also discusses their organisation and administration, together with their financial administration. Finally, the book looks at the role of political parties and elections in the Länder, and considers the importance of their parliaments.

Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

progress, the more we increase our chances for collective annihilation. Indeed, despite the potential human benefits of technological advancement, the triumph of the technical over the poetic in political affairs undermines the role of human creativity. How many critical theorists still have to affirm the importance of arts and humanities to the promotion of peace? Theory and science are not objective: we produce the technologies we desire, which are over-coded with all manner of assumptions and prejudices. So, as the technological mind continues to produce war machines

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

, 2012 : 25). At the same time, it arguably averts a wider conversation about what threats aid workers actually face, who receives training or other support, and how to reduce risks across the aid sector. This is especially problematic when aid workers are engaging in ever more political work, intertwining humanitarian and peacebuilding work with development and political affairs in the famed ‘nexus’. One long-time aid worker described two scenarios where aid workers had

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Colonial powers and Ethiopian frontiers 1880–1884 is the fourth volume of Acta Aethiopica, a series that presents original Ethiopian documents of nineteenth-century Ethiopian history with English translations and scholarly notes. The documents have been collected from dozens of archives in Africa and Europe to recover and present the Ethiopian voice in the history of Ethiopia in the nineteenth century. The present book, the first Acta Aethiopica volume to appear from Lund University Press, deals with how Ethiopian rulers related to colonial powers in their attempts to open Ethiopia for trade and technological development while preserving the integrity and independence of their country. In addition to the correspondence and treatises with the rulers and representatives of Italy, Egypt and Great Britain, the volume also presents letters dealing with ecclesiastical issues, including the Ethiopian community in Jerusalem.

Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

and its underlying image of the DRC as dysfunctional. This dysfunctionality is seen in statements like ‘elections are still tribal here’ (MONUSCO Political Affairs Officer (no. 45) 2010); ‘the Government does not even have figures of its own population’ (MONUSCO Civil Affairs Officer (no. 158) 2011); ‘there is no sense of progress’ (MONUSCO Electoral Division Officer 2010; MONUSCO Political Affairs Officer (no. 45) 2010; MONUSCO Political Affairs Officer (no. 46) 2010); ‘here, there are no political parties or real civil society’ (MONUC Political Affairs Officer (no

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Contemporary ‘British’ cinema and the nation’s monarchs
Andrew Higson

restricted to the private sphere and they are only able to make decisions that affect the members of their families and royal households, rather than the nation as a whole. In The Madness of King George , the elected politicians are constantly seeking to curtail George III’s attempts to intervene in political affairs. In The Young Victoria , they negotiate with the young queen about how she is able to behave

in The British monarchy on screen
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

is relevant is that the agenda of social and political transformation stemming from the definition of the DRC state as non-existent, where statebuilders start ‘from scratch’, is contradictory to some donor agendas (MONUC Political Affairs Officer (no. 7) 2009). A complex political environment and long-term objectives also largely exceed the resources at hand. This has 100 History and present of ‘Africa’s World War’ 700 Millions US $ 600 508 500 400 278 300 211 240 200 129 79 100 39 q Ira E Ti as m t or vo so H er Ko ze sni go a & vi na n Bo Af gh

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Open Access (free)
The emergence of a new major actor in the European arena
Felipe Basabe Lloréns

of Amsterdam.31 From 1999 onwards, three Directorates-General (among the seven existing within the SEPEUE) deal with EU affairs. The Directorates-General for Political Affairs and the United Nations (Dirección General de Asuntos Políticos y para las NN.UU.), prepares the meetings of the Political Committee and CFSP issues of the General Affairs Council of the EU. The DirectorateGeneral for Co-Ordination of EU General and Technical Affairs (Dirección General de Coordinación de Asuntos Generales y Técnicos de 2444Ch8 3/12/02 2:03 pm Page 189 Figure 8.1 The

in Fifteen into one?
Christopher K. Colley
Sumit Gunguly

accorded to India. The lack of focus on India in the first six months of the new administration is illustrated by that fact that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited Japan, South Korea, Indonesia and China, but not India. 10 Nicholas Burns, the American Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 2005 to 2008, describes a perception in India that New Delhi was not a priority in Washington. He points out that during Obama’s first term the administration was preoccupied with the financial crisis, and its focus in foreign policy was directed at the wars in

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific