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Democratization is a major political phenomenon of the age and has been the focus of a burgeoning political science literature. This book considers democratization across a range of disciplines, from anthropology and economics, to sociology, law and area studies. The construction of democratization as a unit of study reflects the intellectual standpoint of the inquirer. The book highlights the use of normative argument to legitimize the exercise of power. From the 1950s to the 1980s, economic success enabled the authoritarian governments of South Korea and Taiwan to achieve a large measure of popular support despite the absence of democracy. The book outlines what a feminist framework might be and analyses feminist engagements with the theory and practice of democratization. It also shows how historians have contributed to the understanding of the processes of democratization. International Political Economy (IPE) has always had the potential to cut across the levels-of-analysis distinction. A legal perspective on democratization is presented by focusing on a tightly linked set of issues straddling the border between political and judicial power as they have arisen. Classic and contemporary sociological approaches to understanding democracy and democratization are highlighted, with particular attention being accorded to the post-1989 period. The book displays particularities within a common concern for institutional structures and their performance, ranging over the representation of women, electoral systems and constitutions (in Africa) and presidentialism (in Latin America). Both Europe and North America present in their different ways a kind of bridge between domestic and international dimensions of democratization.

Open Access (free)
Peter Burnell

1 Perspectives peter burnell The Looking-Glass for the Mind; or Intellectual Mirror (1792) (Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edn, 1989) In the last decade or so democratization has been the focus of a burgeoning political science literature. Democratization is multifaceted and multidimensional. As both an idea and a practical phenomenon it belongs exclusively to no single discipline or branch of academic learning, and to no one geographical area. The purpose of this book is to show how our knowledge and understanding of democratization are enriched by studying

in Democratization through the looking-glass
John P. Willerton
Geoffrey Cockerham

states’ trade with one another would automatically decline as a result of the collapse of the Soviet empire.37 A cursory examination of available FSU trade patterns reveals that trade levels among FSU states dropped significantly, by one estimate from $139 billion in 1991 to $59 billion in 2000.38 However, FSU historical, infrastructural and other logistical realities would severely constrain any state from fully escaping significant economic intercourse with other FSU states. In the past decade there has been an explosion of political science literature concerning

in Limiting institutions?
Labour, the people and the ‘new political history’
Lawrence Black

familiar in studies relating Labour’s fortunes and character to (primarily) the industrial working class, one famously advanced in Eric Hobsbawm’s essay ‘The forward march of labour halted?’ (Hobsbawm 1981). This ‘electoral sociology’ approach is evident in arguments about the growth of class politics as an ingredient in Labour’s rise, notably in work by McKibbin, Hobsbawm (Kirk 1991) and Laybourn (1995). It features, too, in debates about Labour’s ‘decline’ since the 1950s, in political science literature about class dealignment, fragmentation of values and the

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Richard Parrish

the Court of Justice is now being subjected to sustained political analysis and taken into account in the general political science literature on European integration’ (Wincott 1996:170). The birth of EU sports law and policy offers both political science and law the opportunity to further develop this research agenda. Although the politics of sport is a well-developed area of research, the politics of sports law remains largely untouched by political science. As such, political science has been slow in recognising the empirical and theoretical significance of the

in Sports law and policy in the European Union
Self-talk as a challenge and as an opportunity
Elwin Hofman

nineteenth-century philosophers. Whether their writings concerned law, politics, science, literature, theatre, morality or indeed, the self, nature seemed the unavoidable term to relate to, in descriptions of specific and local natures and in the search for the universal natural laws that guided the universe and humankind. 1 The ubiquity of nature was unhindered – and perhaps even facilitated – by its vagueness. The Encyclopédie , heavily relying on the seventeenth-century natural philosopher Robert Boyle, distinguished at least eight meanings of the term: The

in Trials of the self