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From Kant to Nietzsche
Author: Andrew Bowie

In 1796 a German politico-philosophical manifesto proclaims the 'highest act of reason' as an 'aesthetic act'. The ways in which this transformation relates to the development of some of the major directions in modern philosophy is the focus of this book. The book focuses on the main accounts of the human subject and on the conceptions of art and language which emerge within the Kantian and post-Kantian history of aesthetics. Immanuel Kant's main work on aesthetics, the 'third Critique', the Critique of Judgement, forms part of his response to unresolved questions which emerge from his Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason. The early Romantics, who, after all, themselves established the term, can be characterized in a way which distinguishes them from later German Romanticism. The 'Oldest System Programme of German Idealism', is a manifesto for a new philosophy and exemplifies the spirit of early Idealism, not least with regard to mythology. The crucial question posed by the Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling of the System of Transcendental Idealism (STI) is how art relates to philosophy, a question which has recently reappeared in post-structuralism and in aspects of pragmatism. Despite his undoubted insights, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's insufficiency in relation to music is part of his more general problem with adequately theorising self-consciousness, and thus with his aesthetic theory. Friedrich Schleiermacher argues in the hermeneutics that interpretation of the meaning of Kunst is itself also an 'art'. The book concludes with a discussion on music, language, and Romantic thought.

Open Access (free)
Andrew Bowie

the part of Donald Davidson and others towards holistic accounts of meaning, and the orientation in post-structuralism towards the undecidable aspects of interpretation all involve structures of thought which developed as part of the history of aesthetics. While some of these thinkers explicitly refer to the tradition to be examined in the present book, others have been notably unconcerned about many of their most significant precursors. In order to help overcome this underestimation of the role of aesthetics the present book will focus on some of the main accounts

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
International man of stories
Peter Morey

shape it in their own image. Bruce King has argued that the ‘commonwealth writer in exile’ has, in a sense, stolen a march on his postmodern metropolitan contemporaries in assimilating and creating literary styles to represent the fissures of a ‘translated’, alienated existence. He says of these writers: They are deconstructionists, not out of the logic that led others from structuralism to post-structuralism, but from the experience of divided, uprooted, unassimilated lives; but they are also reconstructionists in that for those genuinely threatened by chaos the

in Rohinton Mistry
Tony Fitzpatrick

model of ecowelfare and explore the main points of creation and tension between its three principal components. Recognition and care For reasons that will become clear, I want to treat care not in isolation, but in relation to the principle of recognition (cf. Daly, 2002: 263). Recognition TZP6 4/25/2005 4:53 PM Page 111 A model of ecowelfare 111 has become an important and controversial topic in recent years and may represent the single most important contribution that postmodernism, post-structuralism and the ‘cultural turn’ have made to radical politics

in After the new social democracy
Henrik Larsen

. 15 Recognition by other international actors as a necessary component of actorness from a discourse perspective is not a given. Neumann has argued that there is a difference between the role of ‘the other’ within constructivism and post-structuralism. The ‘other’ in constructivism contributes to constituting the ego by recognising ego. In post-structuralism the ‘other’ is

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Open Access (free)
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
Chris Millard

construction’ of race or gender in the past. Why now? The return of biology Having established that a strand of ‘postmodern’ or ‘post-structural’ thinking draws on insights from twentieth-century anthropology, we might ask whether it remains legitimate to project these twentieth-century insights back further into the past. I have answered this question in the negative elsewhere: I do not think it particularly good history to assume that selfhood in the past is the same as selfhood in the twentieth century. This is for the same reasons

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Ian Scott and Henry Thompson

techniques showcased in JFK and Natural Born Killers among others were eschewed for a more pared-​down palate, visible in the cinéma vérité style of the Castro documentaries and the pedagogic techniques of presentation used in Untold History. It added up to an auteurist instinct that was almost covering its artistic tracks. Indeed, post-​Sarris, post-​structuralism and variants thereof, more recent assessments of auteurism have given added emphasis to the commercial aspects of a director’s brand. Undoubtedly, this has been a strong dimension in Stone’s story too. By the

in The cinema of Oliver Stone
Andrew Bowie

emerged. Music can, for example, provide an occasion to consider the viability of some influential claims in post-structuralism. The ‘presence’ of music The extreme response to the consequences of a rejection of representationalism is very apparent in Paul de Man’s essay on Derrida, ‘The Rhetoric of Blindness’. De Man describes the ‘metaphysics of presence’ as ‘a tradition that defines Western thought in its entirety: the conception of all negativity (non-being) as absence and hence the possibility of an appropriation or a re-appropriation of being (in the form of truth

in Aesthetics and subjectivity
Laura Chrisman

theories which in a sense rationalized that situation, which said that this was the way the cultural order worked, this was the way in which the ideology distributed its roles and functions. The whole project was then radically diverted by these new forms of idealist theory.10 (For Williams, structuralism’s problematic formalism and pessimism recur in academic post-structuralism and postmodernism.) What I want to ask is: how might Williams’s account assist our development and understanding of new cultural studies in South Africa? This leads me to question the

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Gurharpal Singh

provides an important ‘discursive space in which new and transformative meanings are constantly being generated’ (Katzenstein et al. 2001: 269). Such social movements provide a crucial element of renewal and cohesion, and the most promising prospects for enduring reform. Finally, critiques of democratization have generated a lively debate about the relevance of the process in South Asia. Much as Marxist analysis provided a counterpoint to modernization theory in the 1960s and 1970s, today an equivalent intellectual space in South Asia is occupied by post-structural

in Democratization through the looking-glass