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Dave Morland

1 Dave Morland Anti-capitalism and poststructuralist anarchism1 Introduction Social anarchism has a long reputation as a disparate and incoherent ideology. Commentators, sympathetic and objective alike, have frequently accused social anarchism of being too diverse to constitute a singular, recognisable ideology at all (Chomsky, 1970; Miller, 1984; Ball and Dagger, 1991). To a degree this is true: social anarchism is a loose and diverse ideology that may be too elusive for some commentators to categorise neatly and clearly. However, other commentators, myself

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Anarchist theory and practice in a global age

This book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualized. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period (what Dave Morland calls 'social anarchism') and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements which he regards as being poststructuralist in nature. It also documents the emergence of the now highly influential anti-technological and anti-civilisational strand in anarchist thought. This offers something of a challenge to anarchism as a political philosophy of the Enlightenment, as well as to other contemporary versions of ecological anarchism and, to some extent, anarcho-communism. The book further provides a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on sexuality, education, addiction and mental health aspects of socialisation and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. The fact that anarchism has largely premised its critique on a psychological dimension to power relations, not just a material one, has been an advantage in this respect. Ecological anarchism, which has been the driving force behind much contemporary anarchist theory and practice, has been committed to thinking about the relationships between people and 'nature' in new ways.

Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

sociologist trying to understand the authoritarian and ecologically damaging premises behind sociological theory. He argues the case for an anarchist sociology which pays much more attention to how social experience is researched, theorised and represented. Like Morland, he finds poststructuralist literature a potentially useful tool for understanding power, particularly when theorising contemporary social movements. The difficulties of doing anarchist theory is not lost on any of these authors, particularly when their starting points are sometimes challenging. The

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement
Author: Simon Parry

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.

Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

this idea, and suggest what ‘reopening’ might imply, I have to say a bit more about political struggle. I want to outline a theory of ‘open hegemony’, a notion of political struggle that derives from liberal, Marxist and post-structuralist perspectives on society, without being reducible to any one of them. The two key figures in this respect are Karl Popper and Antonio Gramsci. Popper (1945) argued that only open societies could secure freedom and peace within the post-war world. For a society to be open, it must contain institutions and cultures that permit and

in After the new social democracy
Jonathan Purkis

through the controversial discourses of postmodernism and poststructuralism that anarchism has been referenced in the social and philosophical sciences, sometimes as an argument for relativism. However, this has often taken the form of a commentary on the work of French poststructuralist philosophers of the 1970s and 1980s rather than an engagement with the anarchist canon itself. However, some poststructuralist writers are now beginning to explore the relationship between their own premises and those of anarchism. As is discussed below in more detail, the work of

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
Beckett and anxiety
Russell Smith

, despite the evident emotional intensity of Beckett’s writing (or perhaps because of it), post-structuralist Beckett criticism has often been characterised, as Nicholas Allen observes, by ‘a longstanding insistence to read Beckett in high abstraction’.23 However, the Beckett Estate’s relatively recent – and still incomplete – granting of scholarly access to the ‘grey canon’ of Beckett’s manuscripts, notebooks and letters It’s nothing 197 has stimulated a resurgence of biographical, empirical and genetic approaches to Beckett, approaches which nevertheless continue to

in Beckett and nothing
Open Access (free)
Susan M. Johns

University Press, 1988) epitomises the use of post-structuralist theory deplored by Hoff. For specific medievalists’ approach to the debate racking American scholars see S. Mosher Stuard, ‘The chase after theory: considering medieval women’, Gender and History, 4 (1992), 135–46, and also Speculum, 68: 2 (1993), in which all the articles implicitly engage in the debates over the validity of post-structuralist and post-feminist approaches to the study of history. 3 C. Walker Bynum, Holy Feast and Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women (Berkeley CA

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm
Open Access (free)
Why anarchism still matters
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period (what he calls ‘social anarchism’) and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements which he regards as being poststructuralist in nature. John Moore (chapter 3) acknowledges these epistemological differences in his argument that the often-overlooked figure of Max Stirner can be useful for understanding the impact of power on the formation of the Self, as well as prefiguring poststructuralist and situationist perspectives on revolutionary language. It is through an assessment of Stirner

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
How anarchism still matters
Jonathan Purkis and James Bowen

Brown’s endorsement of existentialism (see Morland, 1997), her framing of the means and ends of actions in this way is useful. It is also commensurate with poststructuralist theories of identity, which reject the liberal construction of the autonomous free rational agent as ‘natural’ and look to the social construction of the subject by society. This critique is also central to Moore’s article on Max Stirner, which also offers a ‘way out’ of this particular dualism. As indicated in our introduction, Stirner’s controversial place in intellectual history has recently

in Changing anarchism