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Community–university research partnerships in global perspectives

This book is based on a three-year international comparative study on poverty reduction and sustainability strategies . It provides evidence from twenty case studies around the world on the power and potential of community and higher education based scholars and activists working together in the co-creation of transformative knowledge. Opening with a theoretical overview of knowledge, democracy and action, the book is followed by analytical chapters providing lessons learned and capacity building, and on the theory and practice of community university research partnerships. It also includes lessons on models of evaluation, approaches to measuring the impact and an agenda for future research and policy recommendations. The book overviews the concept of engaged scholarship and then moves to focus on community-university research partnerships. It is based on a global empirical study of the role of community-university research partnerships within the context of poverty alleviation, the creation of sustainable societies and, broadly speaking, the Millennium Development Goals. The book frames the contribution of community-university research partnerships within a larger knowledge democracy framework, linking this practice to other spaces of knowledge democracy. These include the open access movement, new acceptance of the methods of community-based and participatory research and the call for cognitive justice or the need for epistemologies of the Global South. It takes a particular look at the variety of structures that have been created in the various universities and civil society research organizations to facilitate and enhance research partnerships.

An assessment of EU development aid policies
William Brown

human well-being as a manifestation of human freedom’ and that most non-democratic states performed badly in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction (World Bank, 2000: 112–13). Donor states, on the other hand, were more overt in maintaining democratic conditions as a key element of the new political conditionality, however uneven the practice (see Baylies, 1995; Olsen, 1998). Overall, therefore, the early 1990s further broadened the extent to which aid would be conditional upon ‘internal’ actions and policies of recipient states. Alongside the existing demand

in EU development cooperation
Open Access (free)
The potential and limits of EU development cooperation policy
Karin Arts and Anna K. Dickson

for good governance and the rule of law (CEC, 2001). Cotonou’s new emphasis on poverty reduction and eradication (Article 1) is to be welcomed. It is difficult to believe that this has not been the goal of EU development policy thus far. Development assistance in all its forms should surely be directed at the poor wherever they might be located. The conception of poverty used by the Commission is also to be commended as it moves away from a lack of resources approach towards a more multifaceted conception that includes issues of vulnerability that might not be

in EU development cooperation
Effective support structures for community– university partnerships
Edward T. Jackson, Letlotlo M. Gariba, and Evren Tok

advocates of community–university research partnerships in that country. First, at the most fundamental level, the university sector in Ghana is badly underfunded by its national government. Second, government does not see value in directly including a role for the universities in its development and poverty-reduction strategies, such as Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers aimed at achieving targets towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). ‘One needs to answer the question whether this is a reflection of the failure of the institutions themselves to demonstrate

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Open Access (free)
Conceptual links to institutional machineries
Kathleen Staudt

those who measure human development, from sex disaggregation to empowerment (the GDI and GEM3), these quantitative scores still leave us with gaps in understanding gender inequality in ways that are difficult to reduce to numbers. Moreover, empowerment measures should be linked to poverty reduction, given women’s over-representation below poverty lines. To count some women in economic and political decision-making positions does not necessarily connect to power relations that relegate many desperately poor women to lives stripped of entitlement and endowment.4

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Open Access (free)
Nico Randeraad

course of the nineteenth century. The international statistics community was one of many overlapping networks at the crossroads of science and public administration.4 The records show that many of our ‘statisticians’ attended other conferences at the time, on prisons, public health, demography and poverty reduction. They were also to be found at meetings of idealist societies, such as the Friends of World Peace. A majority of the participants in the international statistical congresses shared a moderate liberal vision of social reform within the existing political and

in States and statistics in the nineteenth century
The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste sector
Henrik Ernstson, Mary Lawhon, Anesu Makina, Nate Millington, Kathleen Stokes, and Erik Swyngedouw

, generate employment opportunities and demonstrate due diligence towards responsible ecological governance. We are ultimately interested in how change happens and how the impact of specific interventions interacts with officially stated objectives of poverty reduction. The chapter therefore describes the dynamic institutional, technical, social and political ecological landscape of waste management in South Africa and how this in turn is shaping the practices by which waste is transformed into economic and social value, who is

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
Paula Meth, Alison Todes, Sarah Charlton, Tatenda Mukwedeya, Jennifer Houghton, Tom Goodfellow, Metadel Sileshi Belihu, Zhengli Huang, Divine Mawuli Asafo, Sibongile Buthelezi, and Fikile Masikane

investments, new urban visions, contingent governance practices and processes of growth and decline. It aims to understand how people live in these critical spaces of twenty-first-century urbanism, as well as the potential of these sites for economic development and poverty reduction. Given very high rates of urban growth and complex forms of urban spatial expansion across most of the African continent (Doan and Oduro, 2012 ; Fox, 2012 ; Parnell and Pieterse, 2014 ), the challenge of peripheral urban governance and poverty reduction is affecting African states and

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
War economies, peace economies and transformation
Jenny H. Peterson

such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, to rural poverty reduction led by international NGOs and local community-based organisations (CBOs). In war-affected areas, however, it is increasingly recognised that attention needs to be paid to 3 4062 building a peace economy_2652Prelims 25/11/2013 15:06 Page 4 Building a peace economy? the illicit and illegal economic activities which often come to support and feed off violence. Standard economic reforms fail to adequately address these activities, and thus tailored policies are needed to

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

design policies which strengthen that relationship, then the non-conjunction of antipoverty and pro-environment strategies may eventually fade to insignificance. However, in order to design such policies, we first need to understand when poverty reduction might be allowed to trump sustainability and vice versa. Of course, much will ultimately depend upon the particular circumstances within which such judgements are made, yet Dobson is wrong to believe that this is always a matter of empirical determination. In other words, we can devise general rules which allow such

in After the new social democracy