Neil Macmaster

4 The propaganda offensive and the strategy of contact The French army faced a major problem in its campaign of emancipation, how to reach out to the mass of over four million women, 98 per cent of whom were illiterate and scattered over the surface of a huge territory in villages or secluded settlements that were hours away by foot or donkey from the nearest roads. As we have seen (chapter 2) during 1957 Operation Pilot tested integrated methods of psychological action in the bled under the direction of itinerant propaganda officers, utilising tracts, slogans

in Burning the veil
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

humanitarian campaigns that all mixed fundraising, awareness and education. This period was indeed a laboratory for aid agencies to develop and adapt their communication practices, with blurred lines between publicity and propaganda, promotion, identity, and reputation. The paper first examines the creation of humanitarian films in the 1920s that resulted from competing communication strategies among organizations. It then reflects on the use of humanitarian cinema, both as a mean to advertise, as well as to make public claims. The paper continues by exploring the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

. F*** News and Disinformation In 2017, Collins Dictionary declared ‘fake news’ its word of the year. But most media scholars would prefer the term was removed from the English lexicon, as it is vague and can be deployed to advance a political agenda. Donald Trump famously uses the phrase ‘fake news’ to refer to a wide range of media content that he doesn’t like. And audiences take a similarly broad approach; in focus groups, Nielsen and Graves (2017) find that audiences define ‘fake news’ to include partisan journalism, propaganda and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

practice. One aspect that always strikes them is of course, the use of what we might want to call – crudely – propaganda and communication strategies. This is the view that this is a war that became internationalised largely because of networks that reached far and deep into the West and which had a religious undertone. But we also know that there is a very strong revival of the framing of the violence, of the conflict and of the famine and in the terms of a genocide. So if we

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

political propaganda, conspiracy theories, disinformation campaigns and hybrid warfare. This case of the MV Aquarius highlights the increasingly dangerous environment that humanitarians are now operating in in the early twenty-first century: meaning not the Mediterranean, but the emerging information space. If humanitarian organisations do not ready themselves for this space, they will find themselves in a world turned upside-down, in which their principles have no meaning

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

propaganda films, shows that aid workers do have some means of pressuring captors, including groups as radical and determined as the IS. Similarly, there are no ‘purely criminal’ abductions, whose perpetrators are completely impervious to any social or political pressure. To act, criminal networks need support from citizens and authorities. 9 Their actions may give rise to social and political backlash, increasing the costs of their crimes. According to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

studies of the genocide put major emphasis on the role of ideology in driving people to participate. Several works focused specifically on pro-regime newspapers and radio that were labelled ‘hate media’ and their diffusion of anti-Tutsi rhetoric ( Chrétien, 1995 ; Thompson, 2007 ). Drawing parallels to the anti-Semitic ideology tied to the Holocaust, the argument was that the ideology dehumanised the Tutsi, alienated them from the rest of the population, and fostered hatred that ultimately drove people to kill. Leave None to Tell includes a chapter on ‘Propaganda and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

, L. ( 2010 ), War Crimes and Politics of Terror in Chechnya 1994–2004, MSF Speaking Out Case Studies . MSF . Brauman , R. ( 2006a ), Dangerous Liaisons: Bearing Witness and Political Propaganda, Biafra and Cambodia – The Founding Myths of Médecins Sans Frontières ( Paris : CRASH Papers ), www

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

communication. To do so, will help unpack how and why quantification becomes so meaningful within the humanitarian sector. Works Cited Alleyne , M. D. ( 2003 ), Global Lies? Propaganda, the UN and World Order ( Houndsmill : Palgrave Macmillan ). Allison , S

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

during which the national Red Cross societies had acted as political intermediaries for the states, whose auxiliaries they were – and still are – by statute. Simply repeating an assertion doesn’t make it a reality, however, and denying a contradiction doesn’t make it disappear; auxiliaries of the state serve the powers that be. The French Red Cross, for example, acted as a potent echo chamber for nationalism and its propaganda during the First World War ( Hutchinson, 1996

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs