Difficulties and challenges for the forensic medical system in Mexico
Isabel Beltrán-Gil, María Alexandra Lopez-Cerquera, Linda Guadalupe Reyes Muñoz, Sandra Ivette Sedano Rios, Nuvia Montserrat Maestro Martínez, and Diana Newberry Franco

As a result of the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic, in 2020 forensic institutions in Mexico began using extreme measures in the treatment of bodies of confirmed or suspected cases, due to possible infection. A series of national protocols on how to deal with the virus were announced, yet forensic personnel have struggled to apply these, demonstrating the country’s forensics crisis. This article aims to reflect on two points: (1) the impact that COVID-19 protocols have had on how bodies confirmed as or suspected of being infected with the virus are handled in the forensic medical system; and (2) the particular treatment in cases where the body of the victim is unidentified, and the different effects the pandemic has had in terms of the relationship between the institutional environment and the family members of those who have died as a result of infection, or suspected infection, from COVID-19.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

other organisations, including the WHO, on its Ebola protocols. During the height of the epidemic, between March 2014 and March 2015, MSF spent €77 million on the Ebola response and employed 5,300 response workers in West Africa, among whom 28 were infected with the virus and 14 died ( MSF, 2016b ). Yet once the epidemic was over, after more than 28,600 cases and 11,300 deaths, there was little critical reflection on the quantifiable or qualifiable outcomes

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
James Baldwin’s Pragmatist Aesthetics
Rohan Ghatage

This essay establishes a philosophical connection between James Baldwin and the philosopher William James by investigating how the pragmatist protocol against “vicious intellectualism” offers Baldwin a key resource for thinking through how anti-black racism might be dismantled. While Richard Wright had earlier denounced pragmatism for privileging experience over knowledge, and thereby offering the black subject no means for redressing America’s constitutive hierarchies, uncovering the current of Jamesian thought that runs through Baldwin’s essays brings into view his attempt to move beyond epistemology as the primary framework for inaugurating a future unburdened by the problem of the color line. Although Baldwin indicts contemporaneous arrangements of knowledge for producing the most dehumanizing forms of racism, he does not simply attempt to rewrite the enervating meanings to which black subjects are given. Articulating a pragmatist sensibility at various stages of his career, Baldwin repeatedly suggests that the imagining and creation of a better world is predicated upon rethinking the normative value accorded to knowledge in the practice of politics. The provocative challenge that Baldwin issues for his reader is to cease the well-established privileging of knowledge, and to instead stage the struggle for freedom within an aesthetic, rather than epistemological, paradigm.

James Baldwin Review
Claudia Merli and Trudi Buck

This article considers the contexts and processes of forensic identification in 2004 post-tsunami Thailand as examples of identity politics. The presence of international forensic teams as carriers of diverse technical expertise overlapped with bureaucratic procedures put in place by the Thai government. The negotiation of unified forensic protocols and the production of estimates of identified nationals straddle biopolitics and thanatocracy. The immense identification task testified on the one hand to an effort to bring individual bodies back to mourning families and national soils, and on the other hand to determining collective ethnic and national bodies, making sense out of an inexorable and disordered dissolution of corporeal as well as political boundaries. Individual and national identities were the subject of competing efforts to bring order to,the chaos, reaffirming the cogency of the body politic by mapping national boundaries abroad. The overwhelming forensic effort required by the exceptional circumstances also brought forward the socio-economic and ethnic disparities of the victims, whose post-mortem treatment and identification traced an indelible divide between us and them.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

and disasters are a good example of this. Even on a smaller scale, one has only to look to mass-casualty incidents in well-resourced settings. Much as plans and protocols may be in place, the need and requirement of the circumstance pushes the limits of capacity, and therefore it is necessary for healthcare (in needing to deliver the most for the most) to focus much more heavily and widely on the rudimentary stages of casualty management and triage. Certainly, the return to ‘normal’ in well

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo, Elena Estrada Cocina, Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert, Raquel González Juarez, and Ana Garcia Mingo

and technical guidelines with practical solutions to infection control questions and protocols as well as self-protection techniques were shared. By the end of July 2020, the website had received almost 76,000 visits and more than 9,500 people had participated in one of the thirty-eight webinars organised. The website was used in many countries in Latin America and remained open for a year with access to the published documentation and training

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

contemporary analysis of famine, has been consolidated under the rubric of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification tool (IPC) or the analytically identical Cadre Harmonisé (CH) protocols in West Africa. While IPC/CH was not specifically designed to be the main tool for analysing famine, it has assumed that role and has become invaluable in acutely food-insecure contexts. But recent experience suggests that information gathering and analytical processes may be subject to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

explicitly how humanitarian organisations can help them by providing for their specific needs, protocols for which are currently absent ( Dolan, 2015 : 496). Current approaches overlook how assumptions about men and masculinity make showing and talking about vulnerability among men a taboo ( Trial International, 2018 ). As recent research by the All Survivors Project (2018 : 26) found, the ‘taboo for male survivors is huge [which is why] it is very rare that a man or

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

inescapable, as enshrined, for example, in international humanitarian law (IHL), including the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 and 2005; the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC); and customary international law ( Brooks, 2015 ). On the other hand, the interview findings of this study reveal a widespread sense of frustration among aid workers over the perceived inefficacy of the law in practice for the protection of humanitarian action. Even in light of the existence of not only international courts and tribunals but

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

of instruments to accomplish an objective, in this case usually the discouraging, diminishing, or even complete cessation of healthcare provision. The impact of their (previous) attacks on the healthcare system (whether intentional or indiscriminate) is likely to inform their policy of continuing and directing attacks. Non-random Exclusion in Reporting and Verification Strategies Protocols of measuring

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs