The Pony Express at the Diamond Jubilee
Heidi Kenaga

shared public memory of California’s participation in the foundations of the modern nation. Correspondingly, the studio designed The Pony Express , from earliest conception to its premiere event, to revise the American movie patron’s historical amnesia about the state. My comparison of preproduction materials with the extant print of The Pony Express suggests that, for Paramount, serving the interests

in Memory and popular film
Open Access (free)
The shock of Hart Island, New York
Sally Raudon

When drone footage emerged of New York City’s COVID-19 casualties being buried by inmates in trenches on Hart Island, the images became a key symbol for the pandemic: the suddenly soaring death toll, authorities’ struggle to deal with overwhelming mortality and widespread fear of anonymous, isolated death. The images shocked New Yorkers, most of whom were unaware of Hart Island, though its cemetery operations are largely unchanged since it opened over 150 years ago, and about one million New Yorkers are buried there. How does Hart Island slip in and out of public knowledge for New Yorkers in a cycle of remembering and forgetting – and why is its rediscovery shocking? Perhaps the pandemic, understood as a spectacular event, reveals what has been there, though unrecognised, all along.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Warfare, politics and religion after the Habsburg Empire in the Julian March, 1930s– 1970s
Gaetano Dato

66 3 Chained corpses: warfare, politics and religion after the Habsburg Empire in the Julian March, 1930s–​1970s Gaetano Dato In Trieste and the border region north of the Adriatic Sea, corpses played a very significant role in the construction of the public discourse about acts of violence in the era of the world wars. Human remains have been a concern for public memory, and for the ­collective entities connected to the local places of remembrance as well.1 Italians, Slovenians, Croatians, Habsburg officials, Communists, Nazis, Fascists and the Jewish

in Human remains in society
Open Access (free)
Editor: Paul Grainge

As a technology able to picture and embody the temporality of the past, cinema has become central to the mediation of memory in modern cultural life. The memory of film scenes and movies screens, cinema and cinema-going, has become integral to the placement and location of film within the cultural imagination of this century and the last. This book is a sustained, interdisciplinary perspective on memory and film from early cinema to the present. The first section examines the relationship between official and popular history and the constitution of memory narratives in and around the production and consumption of American cinema. The second section examines the politics of memory in a series of chapters that take as their focus three pivotal sites of national conflict in postwar America. This includes the war in Vietnam, American race relations and the Civil Rights Movement, and the history of marginality in the geographic and cultural borderlands of the US. The book explores the articulation of Vietnam. The final section concentrates on the issue of mediation; it explores how technological and semiotic shifts in the cultural terrain have influenced the coding and experience of memory in contemporary cinema. It considers both the presence of music and colour in nostalgia films of the 1990s and the impact of digital and video technologies on the representational determinants of mediated memory. The book also examines the stakes of cultural remembering in the United States and the means by which memory has been figured through Hollywood cinema.

Open Access (free)
Linda Maynard

following months, years and decades. Silence can be construed as a ‘language of memory, a powerful conveyer of meaning’. Yet ‘silence-breakers’ perform a vital role by breaching family boundaries so as to inform later generations of the personal ravages of war. 14 Some fraternal acts of memory keeping deliberately sought to place intimate loss in the public sphere. Public memories of the Great War often drown out private, more intimate memories. The scale of casualties is almost unimaginable to comprehend. Bodies of dead soldiers became ‘official’ property, buried

in Brothers in the Great War
Open Access (free)
Civil rites of passage
Sharon Monteith

tend to ensure that civil rights cinema becomes a cinema of integration and reconciliation. They function in a postmodern imaginary as socially symbolic texts in which racial tensions that remain unresolved in life find temporary resolution in narrative space. To do this, they focus on relationships between individuals, reducing larger historical events to personal histories, domesticating public memory of the Civil Rights

in Memory and popular film
Open Access (free)
Memories of cinema-going in the ‘Golden Age’ of Hollywood
Sarah Stubbings

, contemporary debates in the present about issues such as criminality or the perception of declining moral standards. This chapter will now go on to consider the interconnection of personal and public memory as it relates to four key themes in the sub-genre of memory narrative heretofore described. To reiterate, these are identity, community, morality, and decline. Identity and community

in Memory and popular film
Catherine Baker

public memories of being refugees and hosts during the Yugoslav wars and had at least potential to revive memories of everyday connections with the Middle East and North Africa that in socialist Yugoslavia had been part of many people's lifeworlds. The largest initiatives, in Belgrade, saw volunteers organise semi-permanent refugee relief centres at ‘Info Park’, near the stations, and ‘Mikser House’, in Savamala (Stojić Mitrović 2016 ). Groups such as Help the Refugees in Macedonia, founded in April 2015 after fourteen Somalis and Afghans were killed while walking on

in Race and the Yugoslav region
Open Access (free)
The leadership gamble of William Hague
Mark Garnett

Wednesday’ there was no question that he would be sent into the wilderness with Lamont; and he excelled as a junior minister at the Department of Social Security from May 1993 to July 1995. As he prepared for his first Cabinet meeting as Secretary of State for Wales he could look back on an ascent which had been swift, but not unduly precipitate. A few years in a more prominent role would complete the uphill work, and also efface the public memory of the ‘Tory Boy’ speech which was still the only image that allowed the electorate to connect his face with a name. 52 Mark

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Open Access (free)
Memory and popular film
Paul Grainge

perspective, exploring the industrial context within which popular commemoration films emerged in the 1920s. Her chapter, ‘Civic pageantry and public memory in the silent era commemorative film: The Pony Express at the Diamond Jubilee’, more closely examines the commercial status of the popular memory texts inferred in Pearson’s essay. Specifically, Kenaga explores the means by which studios refigured lowbrow genres such as the

in Memory and popular film