This book provides an account of the University of Manchester's struggle to meet the government's demands for the rapid expansion of higher education in the 1950s and the 1960s. It looks at the University's ambitious building programme: the controversial attempts to reform its constitution and improve its communications amid demands for greater democracy in the workplace, the struggle to retain its old pre-eminence in a competitive world where new ‘green field’ universities were rivalling older civic institutions. The book tells the story, not just from the point of view of administrators and academics, but also from those of students and support staff (such as secretaries, technicians and engineers). It not only uses official records, but also student newspapers, political pamphlets and reminiscences collected through interviews.

Open Access (free)
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

British Isles and beyond. Consequently, British industry was able to exploit distant markets, as well as draw labour from further afield easier than ever before. In addition, mining was a magnet to industry, enticing many industrialists whose businesses depended on huge quantities of coal to locate their enterprises in the coalfields.35 The sinking of new pits led to the rapid expansion of new communities and an influx of people from far and wide. As an article in the Penny Magazine (1835) put it: ‘[i]f a new colliery is opened in a part of the country where such work

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Open Access (free)
David M. Turner and Daniel Blackie

economically unproductive ‘burdens’, whose inability to conform to more stringent productivity demands, work or time discipline meant that they could no longer compete in the workplace. Yet the coal industry during its period of rapid expansion between 1780 and 1880 presents a more complicated picture. On the one hand, the idea that coalminers were a ‘picked’ body of workers probably meant that people Conclusion 201 with certain congenital impairments or ‘weak’ constitutions had long been excluded from mine work, although such exclusion was never universal. On the

in Disability in the Industrial Revolution
Stuart Horsman

, and its subsequent route to the Aral Sea travels through Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Since the 1950s, the rapid expansion in irrigated agriculture has reduced the rivers’ combined flow into the Aral Sea by 90 per cent and has resulted in an adverse environmental impact on the region. Between 1960 and 1998, the sea’s volume and area declined by approximately 80 per cent and 50 per cent respectively. It has now divided into a small northern and larger southern section.11 Riverine water in Central Asia is economically significant, politically sensitive and

in Limiting institutions?
Between international relations and European studies
Ben Tonra and Thomas Christiansen

based within the Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, as well as the development of new approaches to humanitarian assistance combining the work of economic, civic and security policies. What we have witnessed since the mid-1990s is a rapid expansion in the policy-scope and institutional capacity of EU foreign policy-making. However, it has been a development that has been about more than just the choices of member states

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
The case of Maghrebi Muslims in France
Florence Bergeaud-Blackler

retailers doubled in the St Michel neighbourhood of Bordeaux alone (Bergeaud-Blackler 2001). A combination of economic, practical and religious factors in the late 1990s led to the rapid expansion of a market that had not even existed until the 1970s. As I show, six factors contributed to create and develop a halal meat market: • the search for new market outlets; • the increased severity of regulations governing slaughter in the context of European integration; • the availability of a low-cost and flexible labour supply; • the multiplicity of religious interpretations of

in Qualities of food
Open Access (free)
Nuns’ narratives in early modern Venice
Mary Laven

London, based on defamation suits), or Stephen Haliczer’s Sexuality in the Confessional (based on the trials of Spanish confessors brought before the Inquisition for soliciting penitents).11 Both kinds of history have used trial records to recover voices from the past, from the whole spectrum of social and educational backgrounds, voices which would often otherwise be lost to oblivion.12 Colourful and copious as this kind of evidence is for the early modern period, an era of rapid expansion in the activity of the law-courts, it has proved to be a methodological

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

financial center that could rival Hong Kong and Singapore. In February 1994, all foreign exchange restrictions related to outward direct investment and travel expenditures were removed. Given the fact that Thailand’s capital account was fully open on the inflow side and there were no restrictions on foreign borrowing by the private sector, the creation of the BIBF led to rapid expansion in the number of financial institutions that could borrow and lend in foreign currencies, both on- and offshore. The government granted generous incentives to BIBF operations. 75 The Asian

in The Asian financial crisis
Open Access (free)
Reading practices and participation in digital and medieval media
Heather Blatt

relations between writers, readers, and texts, Introduction 9 but also becomes a framework used by writers to explore the developing authority of themselves and their texts, and the limits of this authority when contrasted to that of readers, thus casting light upon the literary culture of late-medieval England. Such concerns were vital in the context of the rapid expansion of lay literacy that characterizes England from the late fourteenth through early sixteenth centuries. As has become a critical commonplace to note, assessment of literacy proves a slippery issue

in Participatory reading in late-medieval England
Towards Specialised Services?
Christopher T. Marsden

: emergence of cloudbased services, ever increasing levels of data consumption, increased mobility and new electronic communications networks technology that is more responsive to user needs. Other changes are clearly on the horizon such as 5G and the rapid expansion of the Internet of Things. We are also witnessing increasing pressures for consolidation within

in Network neutrality