Jeremy Waldron

MCK1 1/10/2003 10:16 AM Page 13 1 Toleration and reasonableness Jeremy Waldron Traffic In the streets of a large city, people drive their cars for different reasons and to different destinations. Because the roads are crowded and because these different journeys cut across each other, with people going different ways through various intersections, there is a potential problem. If two vehicles pass through the same intersection at the same time, there may be a collision, and if there is, one or both of the drivers may fail to reach their destinations. (Indeed

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Matt Matravers
Susan Mendus

MCK2 1/10/2003 10:19 AM Page 38 2 The reasonableness of pluralism Matt Matravers and Susan Mendus Introduction In ‘The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus’, John Rawls remarks that the aims of political philosophy depend upon the society it addresses, and that modern, democratic societies are characterised by ‘the fact of pluralism’: they are societies in which different people have different and conflicting comprehensive conceptions of the good, different and conflicting beliefs about the right way to live morally speaking.1 Moreover, and troublingly, these

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Open Access (free)
Self-defence, honour and philosophical suicide
Elwin Hofman

the eighteenth century, the other two being memory and imagination. 4 In the dominant sensationalist psychology of Condillac, reasoning was a mathematical process, taking apart sensations and ideas, comparing them and rearranging them. 5 As such, scholars thought that reason was universal: given the same set of axioms and problems, all who used reason would reach the same conclusions. ‘The nature of reason must be the same in all’, Mary Wollstonecraft wrote. 6 The reasonable self was therefore not an individualised or inner-oriented self; it was a self in

in Trials of the self
Open Access (free)
Defences advanced in early modern sodomy trials in Geneva
William G. Naphy

Reasonable doubt 7 Reasonable doubt: defences advanced in early modern sodomy trials in Geneva William G. Naphy There are few charges that can be made against individuals more likely to damage their lives, reputations and futures, than sexual deviance.1 In the early modern period, the danger was even greater as the crime carried the death penalty. For those faced with the gravest of punishments, one might be inclined to suppose that there was only one sure defensive strategy: outright denial. However, before testing this hypothesis, some general information on

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
Open Access (free)
Writing about Personal Experiences of Humanitarianism
Róisín Read
Tony Redmond
, and
Gareth Owen

friends? TR: I didn’t want to cause unnecessary hurt or pain to people, even those who I may have felt had acted badly. I held back as much as was reasonable on any personal criticisms and only referred to factual events, allowing the reader to draw their own conclusions. One passage though drew comments from the editor that I was settling old scores. I had a discussion with them about it, as what I was describing was exactly what had happened – and I had documentary proof that it had happened. The passage stayed in. In general, if I was to make personal remarks

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

control’, possibly because patients ‘do not understand the importance of early hospitalisation and treatment’ ( MSF, 2018b ). Rohan and McKay (2020) attribute this failure to adjust the strategy to a phenomenon of ‘evidentiary inertia’, arguing that the size and complexity of the Kivu response prevented actors from adapting quickly to new evidence, due to ‘reasonable concerns about the logistical challenges of changing response

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

of the aid system. This interaction of behavioural profiles raises the question – if this design experiment is to succeed, what type of manager or recipient behaviour is ideally preferred or allowed? An examination of HPG’s actor profiles reveals an excess of positivity. While many exhibit difficulties, constraints and fears, none present a fundamental or systemic challenge. There is an assumption that, in opening to divergent cross-boundary interactions, success is possible because reasonable people recognise some shared responsibility in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

torture your citizens if you do not kill or torture ours. That is, the principle of reciprocity. 2 A classic example is prisoner protection. If you torture enemy combatants you have captured, your enemy will do the same to your POWs. The same logic goes for using chemical weapons and even nuclear weapons. This is how mutual deterrence works. This fits fully with the demands of sovereignty. Agreements that work meet the interests of both parties. This depends, of course, on the existence of a reasonable parity of capacity between states

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

taken for expatriate staff as compared with national staff. A duty of care requires employers to take all reasonable measures to ensure the safety of their staff and to avoid the risk of foreseeable injury. On at least one interpretation, an agency’s duty of care extends only to risks that arise from an individual’s employment with that agency, and this could exclude many of the risks that locally hired staff face ( EISF, 2018 : 14). There is no equivalent

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

, durability and connectivity – together with humanitarian affordances past and present, co-produce an intimate humanitarian good. I have sought to show that wearables and the data they generate about individuals turn the aid relationship on its head, and that a reasonable re-characterisation of this relationship is to see it as gifting by beneficiaries to humanitarian actors. The framing of humanitarian wearables as a form of ‘intimate humanitarian goods’ is intended to link the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs