Open Access (free)
The early films of John Marshall and Timothy Asch
Paul Henley

. Yet even these projects contained some degree of re-enactment, undermining the goal implicit in all documentation projects to provide the ‘objective and detached’ account called for by Margaret Mead. In their different ways, both Marshall and Asch also struggled with another issue, namely, the tension between the ambition to provide a scientifically valuable record and the temptation to tell stories, structured by a narrative, about the often remarkable lives of the people with whom they were living

in Beyond observation
S.J. Barnett

Historians, religion and the historical record 2 Historians, religion and the historical record The origins of Enlightenment anticlericalism The politico-religious convulsions across Europe from the Reformation until the eighteenth century were numerous and bloody. The resulting religious divisions were enshrined in confessional states, but, as with the cases of Protestant England and Catholic France, religious minorities remained persecuted and disabled. It would have been truly miraculous if many Christians had not wearied of the constant conflict between

in The Enlightenment and religion
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

-resourced settings is rapid; however, for that acute period, ‘normal’ is suspended. One area which is illustrative of such acute stress on a healthcare system is documentation. In ordinary circumstances, whether paper or electronic health records are adopted, there is felt to be sufficient time to produce adequate documentation. In a crisis situation, the documentation drops in priority. First and most appropriate, this is because clinical care takes more attention. Second, however, it is often connected to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

with the specific field of medical humanitarianism. Jafar, in her op-ed, takes the example of medical documentation to reflect on the challenges that overseas medical teams face in acute emergencies. Issues around security, ownership and sharing are pivotal when having to make decisions about electronic records versus pen and paper – and much might be said for the former. In an interview with the editors, Tony Redmond reflects on his long career as professor and practitioner of International

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

shouldn’t have separated in that way in the first place. Gemma Sou: So, you think less of a technological innovation, more a different conceptualisation to change the way things are? TR: The technological advances are going on, so we don’t have to do those; they are in the shop. We just have to go to the shop and get them – for example, electronic medical records, that’s all done, using tablets to record and report, using a closed-circuit Wi-Fi-system. The technology is all there, doing

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

, calling into question the viability of the European project itself. The Brexit referendum, in June 2016, provided a clear example of this. Politics on the periphery has taken a similarly illiberal turn, with more violent consequences. In the Philippines, President Rodrigo Duterte boasts of carrying out extrajudicial killings and threatens to kill corrupt state officials, and he has launched a bloody war on drugs, for which he has been rewarded with record approval ratings. In Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, a captain of the Army Reserve, was recently

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

from the 2008 financial crisis, for example, has been the weakest and most prolonged on record ( Streeck, 2017 ). Reflecting the realities of the downturn, the new freedom to consume has, to a remarkable degree, been unequally distributed ( OECD, 2008 ; Oxfam, 2016 ). Precarity is a by-product of the long downturn. It emerges at that historic moment when the economy becomes a site of permanent emergency ( Streeck, 2011 ). A human surplus coexists with the ‘jobless’ growth resulting from the systemic urge to deepen automation at a time of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

that record activity, or more sophisticated multifunction devices that also record multiple data streams including biomarkers (such as heart rate). They can combine data collection and drug delivery. Many apps and devices are designed to allow users to keep a record of their activities online or to communicate with third‐party websites that track and analyse activity ( Carter et al. , 2018 : 2). Operating on the developing interfaces between bio

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

Fiori , J. L. ( 2008 ), ‘ O sistema interestatal capitalista no início do século XXI ’, in Fiori , J. L. , Medeiros , C. and Serrano , F. (eds), O Mito do Colapso do Poder Americano ( Rio de Janeiro : Editora Record ), pp. 173 – 277 . The Holy Bible, King James Version ( 1991 ) ( Glasgow : Harper Collins ). The White House ( 2017 ), National Security Strategy of the United States of America 2017 ( Washington : The White House ).

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan and Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

practices with a sound ethical and moral base. Anecdotally, there has also been a growing exasperation among practitioners at witnessing the same approaches being repeated, with the same misguided but not unexpected results. The quest for efficiency, effectiveness and data-driven strategies has informed aid policy for at least five decades ( Hilton, 2018 ). In the rush to record and justify their actions, however, humanitarians often have little time to reflect

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs