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Stuart White

MCK10 1/10/2003 10:34 AM Page 179 10 Toleration of religious discrimination in employment Stuart White Introduction: toleration and equal opportunity Two ideas feature prominently in contemporary accounts of the just society. One is the idea of toleration and the related idea of religious freedom. A second is the idea of equal opportunity and, derived from this, the idea that the state should protect its members from discrimination in relation to jobs and other important goods such as education. This chapter explores an apparent tension between these two

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Reasonable tolerance

The idea of toleration as the appropriate response to difference has been central to liberal thought since Locke. Although the subject has been widely and variously explored, there has been reluctance to acknowledge the new meaning that current debates offer on toleration. This book starts from a clear recognition of the new terms of the debate, reflecting the capacity of seeing the other's viewpoint, and the limited extent to which toleration can be granted. Theoretical statements on toleration posit at the same time its necessity in democratic societies, and its impossibility as a coherent ideal. There are several possible objections to, and ways of developing the ideal of, reasonable tolerance as advocated by John Rawls and by some other supporters of political liberalism. The first part of the book explores some of them. In some real-life conflicts, it is unclear on whom the burden of reasonableness may fall. This part discusses the reasonableness of pluralism, and general concept and various more specific conceptions of toleration. The forces of progressive politics have been divided into two camps: redistribution and recognition. The second part of the book is an attempt to explore the internal coherence of such a transformation when applied to different contexts. It argues that openness to others in discourse, and their treatment as free and equal, is part of a kind of reflexive toleration that pertains to public communication in the deliberative context. Social ethos, religious discrimination and education are discussed in connection with tolerance.

Open Access (free)
Universalism and the Jewish question
Robert Fine
Philip Spencer

broader conception of what the fight against race segregation, religious discrimination, and the oppression by wealth had to become if civilisation was going to triumph and broaden in the world’. 11 The disconnection of racism and antisemitism today is suggested by the alacrity with which some antiracists respond to racism and Islamophobia but not to antisemitism, or conversely by the suspicion they show to ‘charges’ of antisemitism that they do

in Antisemitism and the left
Locating the monsters in the machine: an investigation of faith
Roda Madziva
Vivien Lowndes

their faith and also how they are regarded and treated by non-Christians (as employers, neighbours, the police and the judiciary). Finally, we have drawn attention to what appears to be a lack of religious diversity in the immigration interlocutors (though in a supposedly religiously neutral asylum system) and its impact upon the ability of Pakistani Christians to defend their claims verbally. Our participants routinely made claims of religious discrimination and bias in a context where their asylum cases are frequently handled and facilitated by caseworkers and

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
A reminder from the present
Pete Shirlow

continued to be accompanied by a violent loyalist backlash. The depth of sectarianism within social life in the six counties means that the BA cannot overturn perceptions of religious discrimination and the belief that communities are being socially and culturally marginalised, due to either intransigent unionism or belligerent Irish nationalism. A significant section of the unionist community has already lost faith in a political process which has not delivered the demise of militant republicanism. It is true that sectarianism plays a part in the unwillingness of many

in The end of Irish history?
Amikam Nachmani

Minister Mesut Yilmaz defined the Luxembourg decision as an attempt by the EU, Germany in particular, to set up a “New Berlin Wall” in Europe, an effective means to isolate Turkey. It was, Yilmaz thundered, German racism, a desire of creating a “New Lebensraum” on the part of Germany, a pure religious discrimination on behalf of the EU, that was to divide Europe along a line stretching from Christian Bulgaria to Muslim Turkey. German remarks that the Turkish Prime Minister was “running amok,” spewing chauvinist rhetoric, were hardly designed to improve Ankara’s temper

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
Katherine Aron-Beller

ecclesiastical trial dossier of a Jew no longer attempted by the prosecutor to prove the Jew’s diabolical or stereotypical behaviour, as the Podestà Giovanni de Salis of Brescia had done in the Trent blood libel of 1475.159 Instead, the dossiers uncover a realism in the Inquisitor’s attitude towards the Jew and his offence, a tendency to discipline the Jew according to legal principles based on proof rather than religious discrimination. Perhaps at the same time, the tribunal’s regulation of Jewish life created a paradox. Anxious that Jews should remain separate from

in Jews on trial
Open Access (free)
La colonie Française
Nicholas Atkin

, he left for Algiers in the belief that the North African capital was closer to his homeland than was London. With the exception of the seventeenth-century Huguenots and those regular orders expelled in the early 1900s, significantly both the subject of religious discrimination, other groups of predominantly political refugees, most notably the Communards, had returned to their homeland as soon as it was thought safe to do so. In the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it appears that most of the French who came to British shores did so for

in The forgotten French