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Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

marriage ( Greene et al. , 2015 ; Karam, 2015 ), mobilising influential community and religious leaders to denounce the practice ( Karam, 2015 ; USAID, 2010 ), increasing girls’ knowledge about sexual and reproductive health ( Rahman and Daniel, 2010 ), implementing life skills activities for girls ( Bandiera et al. , 2012 ), advocating for legislative changes to increase the minimum marriage age ( Gage, 2009 ) and seeking to challenge the social norms that present child marriage as the expectation for girls ( Cislaghi et al. , 2020 ; Muhanguzi et al. , 2017

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

disclose suffering sexual abuse may be more likely to be perceived as perpetrators rather than victims ( Kropiwnicki-Gruber et al. , 2018 ). Trans men survivors – some of whom become pregnant from rape – have unique sexual and reproductive health needs. Lesbian and gay survivors, as well as others with non-conforming sexual orientations and gender identities, face specific barriers to service uptake ( Chynoweth et al. , 2020a ). While sexual violence services are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

Violence ’, Reproductive Health Matters , 24 : 47 , 36 – 46 . Trial International ( 2018 ), ‘ Sexual Violence against Males: Still Taboo ’, (accessed 5 September 2018 ). Turchik , J. A

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

, 2019; Jasper in Cato, 2019 ). Health-related items that have been delayed due to the sanctions exemptions process include reproductive health kits, heaters for immunisation clinics, ambulance parts, refrigerators, wheelchairs, crutches, walking sticks and walkers, glasses and hearing aids; food security programmes have seen delivery of irrigation and agricultural equipment that is time-sensitive due to food production seasons postponed in exemptions ( UN PoE, 2019 : 364–69). One interviewee expressed the view that projects have become simpler and are undertaken in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

). Ward , J. ( 2002 ), If Not Now, When? Addressing Gender-Based Violence in Refugee, Internally Displaced, and Post-Conflict Settings: A Global Overview ( New York : Reproductive Health for Refugees Consortium ). Wessells , M. G. ( 2006 ), Child Soldiers: From Violence to Protection ( Cambridge

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

villages outside Irbid, as well as a focus group discussion with seven Syrian women in Irbid. All interviews and the focus group discussion were held in Arabic by the Research Assistant, at times together with Jordanian academic partners. In and around Irbid, all interviewees and focus group participants were recruited through our co-investigators’ personal networks. In Amman, Aman Jordanian Association, a Jordanian NGO that provides reproductive health services to displaced

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

conceptualised as smart devices that can be placed on or inside aid recipients’ bodies for many purposes, including tracking and protecting health, safety and nutrition. This may involve delivering or monitoring reproductive health, producing security and accountability through more efficient registration, or monitoring or delivering nutrition. I argue that, to unpack this co-production, it is necessary to look beyond technological innovation and subsequent processes of adoption and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke, Jennifer Becker, Sofiya Popovych, Mathew Gabriel, and Logan Cochrane

(IYCF), nutrition for PLW/Gs, and health and well-being of PLW/Gs, infants and children, which involves transforming decision-making power, roles, norms and expectations. This is particularly true in regard to norms around women and girls’ access to sexual and reproductive health services, specifically antenatal care, including giving birth with an attendant. Other shifts observed were concerning infant feeding practices and the health requirements for PLW/Gs, infants and children. A gender transformative shift was also observed in regard to household responsibilities

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The narrative
Sara De Vido

at the same time at the very basis of any form of VAW and the outcome of VAW, an obstacle to the achievement of gender equality.3 In legal analysis great emphasis has been placed over time on discrimination on the basis of sex, which is often intertwined with other bases such as ethnicity, religion, age and sexual orientation. However, in investigating the phenomenon of violence, an aspect has not been explored sufficiently: violence may severely affect women’s health, and in particular reproductive health. As pointed out by the UN Committee on the Elimination of

in Violence against women’s health in international law