Martin D. Moore

GP involvement, for instance, emerged in relation to pre-symptomatic disease and prevention, areas of considerable interest to some GPs, especially those connected with academic institutions. By the early 1970s, poor-quality evidence and cost concerns had seen such claims superseded, with GP care entangled in long-held discussions about the unique social, psychological, and clinical skills of GPs. Finally, appeals to preventive risk management returned alongside the themes of practice organisation in the 1980s and 1990s, as bodies like the Royal College of General

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Emmanuelle Strub

History Security-risk management has long been a concern at Médecins du Monde (MdM), as it was for other humanitarian agencies operating at the height of the Cold War. However, it was in the 1990s that security had to address its own set of issues. The collapse of the Soviet bloc and the post-Cold War conflicts created safety issues for humanitarian agencies: a booming aid sector led to an increase in exposure, together with a trend for humanitarian organisations to shift from working

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada and Róisín Read

dubbed ‘humanitarian exceptionalism’, the idea that aid workers should be protected at all times and in all places by virtue of the uniqueness of their function and moral standing. In the same year, arguably the apex of the heroisation of humanitarian workers, the UN launched the #HumanitarianHero campaign on 19 August to celebrate World Humanitarian Day ( Neuman, 2017 ). MSF published a multi-author review of its experience in risk management in 2016 ( Neuman and Weissman, 2016 ). In particular, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Fabrice Weissman

a terrorist organisation like the IS would not be prosecuted ( Dreazen and Jakes, 2015 ). Therefore, while it is advisable to discuss previous cases with discretion, nothing justifies maintaining an information blackout, especially since secrecy hinders improvements to kidnapping prevention and risk management. Appeal for a Minimum Level of Transparency (Rather than Complete Transparency) Rachel Briggs, security researcher and Executive Director of Hostage US, a non

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

, M. ( 2013 ), Paradoxes of Presence: Risk Management and Aid Culture in Challenging Environments . London : Humanitarian Policy Group/Overseas Development Institute . Cutts , M. and Dingle , A. ( 1995 ), Safety First: Protecting NGO Employees Who Work in Areas of Conflict . London : Save the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

Humanitarianism’ , International Review of the Red Cross , 96 : 894 , 641 – 8 . Neuman , M. and Weissman , F. (eds) ( 2016 ), Saving Lives and Staying Alive: Humanitarian Security in the Age of Risk Management ( London : Hurst and Co ). Powell , C. ( 2001 ), ‘Remarks to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

, F. ( 2016 ), ‘ Violence against Aid Workers: The Meaning of Measuring ’, in Neuman , M. and Weissman , F. (eds), Saving Lives and Staying Alive. Humanitarian Security in the Age of Risk Management ( London : Hurst and Co ), pp. 55 – 66 .

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

operationally) its strategy to Palestinians on the local level. In this context, significant risks are being borne both by those Palestinians who rely on UNRWA-provided services and by UNRWA’s Palestinian employees. Nonetheless, these impacts continue to be erased from view by a contract and risk-management culture that maintains the primacy of international (read: non-Palestinian) actors and ideological priorities. In the context of UNRWA’s institutional adaptation to long-standing financial crises, a push for cost-efficiency and the desire to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Oonagh McDonald

, TriMont. The valuations were Lehman's own, and were presented as being marked to market. Risk management and valuations are inevitably closely linked, especially as Lehman used pricing models to ‘value, aggregate and hedge risk positions’. These ‘pricing models produce valuations and risk-factor sensitivities … which are fed into the risk models used by the Global Risk Management Division.’ 2 Lehman's Principal Transactions Group (PTG) was responsible for valuing the company's investments in real estate development or improvement projects, generally

in Lehman Brothers
Open Access (free)
Oonagh McDonald

9 Monitoring Value Corporate governance after 2002 The purpose of this chapter is to consider who should have been responsible for keeping an eye on the value of assets in which Lehman Brothers chose to invest heavily, and on its risk management procedures. Lehman's board, as any other board, would have been expected to monitor the company in accordance with corporate governance requirements. The first question therefore is: what exactly was the Lehman board expected, indeed, required to do. The other two questions are

in Lehman Brothers