Open Access (free)
Greeks and Saracens inGuy of Warwick
Rebecca Wilcox

10 Romancing the East: Greeks and Saracens in Guy of Warwick Rebecca Wilcox Guy’s ties to the East For decades, literary critics such as Frederic Jameson and Stephen Knight have argued that medieval romance, for the most part, unquestioningly reflects dominant ideologies of the ruling elite.1 Far from conforming to this prescription, however, the fourteenth-century popular romance Guy of Warwick engages contemporary socio-political concerns in critical and transformative ways. Guy’s fantastic reworking of England’s past through its titular hero both recognises

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Christine E. Hallett

9 Epic romance on Western and Eastern Fronts Introduction: the romance of volunteer work Most volunteer nurses of the First World War were female, young, and – within the limits of their time – well educated. They were more likely than trained nurses to publish memoirs of the war. Somewhat paradoxically, they were also more likely to write about the intricacies of nursing practice. While the writings of trained nurses focused on the courage and endurance of patients, those of volunteers emphasised the drama of nursing itself. Chapter  8 explored the ways in

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Open Access (free)
Robert J. Corber

The author reviews Barry Jenkins’s 2018 film adaptation of Baldwin’s novel, If Beale Street Could Talk, finding that Jenkins’s lush, painterly, and dreamlike visual style successfully translates Baldwin’s cadenced prose into cinematic language. But in interpreting the novel as the “perfect fusion” of the anger of Baldwin’s essays and the sensuality of his fiction, Jenkins overlooks the novel’s most significant aspect, its gender politics. Baldwin began working on If Beale Street Could Talk shortly after being interviewed by Black Arts poet Nikki Giovanni for the PBS television show, Soul!. Giovanni’s rejection of Baldwin’s claims that for black men to overcome the injuries of white supremacy they needed to fulfill the breadwinner role prompted him to rethink his understanding of African American manhood and deeply influenced his representation of the novel’s black male characters. The novel aims to disarticulate black masculinity from patriarchy. Jenkins’s misunderstanding of this aspect of the novel surfaces in his treatment of the character of Frank, who in the novel serves as an example of the destructiveness of patriarchal masculinity, and in his rewriting of the novel’s ending.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens
Thea De Armond

5 A romance and a tragedy: Antonín Salač and the French School at Athens Thea De Armond Defined, in culture-historical fashion, as the regions occupied by the ancient Greeks and Romans, the ‘Classical world’ once spanned much of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa.1 The study of the Classical world – in particular, its archaeology – has been somewhat more limited in geographical scope, or rather, its most prominent forebears tend to hail from only a few places, namely Germany, Great Britain, France and, perhaps, the United States of America (see Dyson, 2006

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Baldwin, Racial Melancholy, and the Black Middle Ground
Peter Lurie

This article uses Baldwin’s 1949 essay “Everybody’s Protest Novel” to consider that literary mode’s corollary in the 1990s New Black Cinema. It argues that recent African American movies posit an alternative to the politics and aesthetics of films by a director such as Spike Lee, one that evinces a set of qualities Baldwin calls for in his essay about Black literature. Among these are what recent scholars such as Ann Anlin Cheng have called racial melancholy or what Kevin Quashie describes as Black “quiet,” as well as variations on Yogita Goyal’s diaspora romance. Films such as Barry Jenkins’s adaptation of If Beale Street Could Talk (2018) and Joe Talbot and Jimmy Fails’s The Last Black Man in San Francisco (2019) offer a cinematic version of racial narrative at odds with the protest tradition I associate with earlier Black directors, a newly resonant cinema that we might see as both a direct and an indirect legacy of Baldwin’s views on African American culture and politics.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Writing about Personal Experiences of Humanitarianism
Róisín Read, Tony Redmond, and Gareth Owen

humanitarian memoirs, there has been very little scholarship which focuses on them outside the history of humanitarianism. What role they play in contemporary humanitarianism is still unclear. Lisa Smirl (2012) considered what humanitarian memoir might tell us about the rites of passage of contemporary humanitarianism. Shameem Black draws on Emergency Sex , to argue that it reveals a racialised and sexualised cultural logic at the heart of humanitarianism which ‘connects humanitarianism to the idea of an adventurist colonial romance’ ( Black, 2011 : 54). Ina Friesen

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

on the challenges that come with advising their children. The art of match-making, in particular, strikes a delicate balance between romance, compatibility and family obligations, and often involves the entire family ( Adely, 2016 ). Some women in our sample arranged marriages for their teenage daughters, and had to come to terms with unexpected results. ‘She came too late,’ Lama joked about Asma, her 35-year-old Syrian neighbour. Asma, originally from rural Homs, lives

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Essays in popular romance
Editor: Nicola McDonald

This collection and the romances it investigates are crucial to our understanding of the aesthetics of medieval narrative and to the ideologies of gender and sexuality, race, religion, political formations, social class, ethics, morality and national identity with which those narratives emerge.

Open Access (free)
Nicola McDonald

10 A polemical introduction Nicola McDonald The Middle English romances have been called the ‘ugly ducklings of medieval English studies’.1 In a discipline that contests even the most basic definition of the genre, romance’s low prestige is one of the few critical certainties. Despite its status as medieval England’s most popular secular genre (more than one hundred romances are extant), the origin of the modern novel (still the most significant literary form), the ancestor of almost all contemporary popular fiction (in print and on screen) and the most

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Open Access (free)
Romances, novels, and the classifications of Irish Romantic fiction
Christina Morin

2 Gothic genres: romances, novels, and the classifications of Irish Romantic fiction In his Revelations of the dead-alive (1824), John Banim depicts his time-travelling narrator encountering future interpretations of the fiction of Walter Scott. In twenty-first-century London, Banim's narrator realises, Scott is little read; when he is, he is understood, as James Kelly points out, ‘not as the progenitor of the historical novel but rather as the last in line of an earlier Gothic style’. 1 According to the readers encountered in his travels

in The gothic novel in Ireland, c. 1760–1829