Catherine Akurut

Introduction Men experience sexual violence during armed conflict situations, which affects their physical, social and psychological well-being. However, this is under-researched and under-reported ( Vojdik: 2014 : 931), and often misunderstood and mischaracterised ( Kapur and Muddell, 2016 : 4). Consequently, men who experience conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) have been severely overlooked within the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

Introduction Sexual violence against men and boys in armed conflict has garnered increasing attention over the past decade. 1 A growing body of evidence demonstrates that sexual violence against men and boys is perpetrated in many conflicts and that men and boys are also subject to sexual violence during displacement ( Chynoweth et al. , 2020b ; Féron, 2018 ; Hossain et al. , 2014 ; Johnson et al. , 2008

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

a ‘women’s’ issue to take account of the ways that gender is a structuring concept which impacts all and has complex and intersectional effects. The focus on sexual violence against men in two of the pieces is a timely reminder to think about the gendered nature of violence and the gendered nature of humanitarian responses to it. Catherine Akurut reviews the current literature on conflict-related sexual violence against men, importantly calling into question the ways in which the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

international colleagues. This, we argue, is all the more striking in light of the 2018 Oxfam scandal and resurgence of interest in preventing sexual exploitation and abuse (see GADN, 2019 ), as well as the rise of #AidToo and #AidSoWhite which saw aid workers share experiences of sexual violence and racism on social media as part of wider #MeToo and #BlackLivesMatter phenomena since 2013. 3 While the term ‘the field’ – and its more extreme sibling ‘the deep field

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

civilians to reduce their exposure to threats, as in the often cited example of providing fuel-efficient stoves to reduce women’s and girls’ exposure to threats of sexual violence while collecting firewood ( Ferris, 2011 : 108; O’Callaghan and Pantuliano, 2007 : 35; Slim and Bonwick, 2005 : 89). Projects focused on income-generating activities may reduce the need for dangerous travel or otherwise risky livelihoods strategies ( Bradley, 2016

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

families or had seen their parents killed … [a]lmost all had suffered sexual violence, and many had given birth after being raped’. Jolie, moreover, observed that the talent of the refugee women ‘goes to waste because people are not allowed to work or are not able to work’ ( Cohn, 2018 ). Thus, the neoliberal logic of privileging the lack of work over other forms of inequalities is present in Jolie’s problem representation. Jolie

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

. Strand 1: Knowledge Production Within the humanitarian sector, numbers are generally treated as scientific facts that tap into an objective ontological reality. While this has been documented across different fields of humanitarianism ( Beerli, 2017a ; Eramian, 2019 ; Fukuda-Parr and McNeill, 2019 ), it has been most comprehensively demonstrated by Sally Merry (2016 : 3) in The Seductions of Quantification . She argues that global indicators, covering sexual

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

to prosecute war criminals. In Sudan, for instance, the French and the Dutch sections were expelled in 2009 for cooperating with the International Criminal Court. The two sections had earlier published reports documenting mass killings and sexual violence, which were used as evidence by the Court to indict the then Sudanese President, Omar Al-Bashir, for war crimes and crimes against humanity ( Weissman, 2011 : 195). At the same time, governments were now using NGO

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

1990s when, after widespread sexual violence in the second Republic of the Congo civil war, an internal discussion led to the creation of specific mechanisms for treating female rape victims. 19 As for the child soldier issue, as historian Jean-Hervé Jézéquel has noted, it was long ‘the preserve of humanitarian organisations’ (Human Rights Watch and Save the Children, in particular) before the prohibition of this phenomenon was incorporated into a number

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

the genocide. In Sacrifice as Terror , Christopher Taylor explores the logic of sexual violence within Rwandan cultural conceptions of Tutsi beauty and seductiveness ( Taylor, 1999 ). Both Jennie Burnet’s Genocide Lives in Us and Marie Berry’s War, Women, and Power are focused primarily on women in post-genocide Rwanda, but both nevertheless provide greater detail on the experience of women in the genocide that remains consistent with Des Forges’ analysis ( Berry, 2018 ; Burnet, 2013 ). In a series of publications, Philip Verwimp applies the tools of economics

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs