Re-examining paradigms of sibling incest
Jenny DiPlacidi

functioning more commonly as an equal sufferer under patriarchal power. It is, I argue, the potential for equality – akin to what Caroline Rooney calls ‘a feeling of universal sympathy associated with the sister’ – that underpins the relationships between brothers and sisters and makes the bonds between siblings so dangerous and potentially destructive to patriarchal society. 4 This

in Gothic incest
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

2 Imperial sisters in Hong Kong: disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914 Angharad Fletcher British nurses, much like those enlisted in the colonial or military services, frequently circulated within the Empire as a professional necessity, often in response to the development of perceived crisis in the form of conflicts or disease outbreaks, prompting reciprocally shaping encounters between individuals within the various colonial outposts. More traditional approaches to the history of nursing are enclavist in the sense that they have

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Self-examining White Privilege and the Myth of America
Keely Shinners

James Baldwin, in his landmark essay “My Dungeon Shook,” says that white Americans are “still trapped in a history which they do not understand; and until they understand it, they cannot be released from it.” This open letter explores this history on a personal level. Taking notes from Baldwin’s indictments of whiteness in Another Country and The Fire Next Time, this essay explores how white people, despite claims of deniability, become culpable, complicit, and ensnared in their racial privilege. By reading Baldwin’s work through a personal lens, it implores fellow white readers and scholars of Baldwin to begin examining the myths of America by first examining themselves.

James Baldwin Review
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

the Congolese army, or even more. Why? Because I have information at my disposal from a large number of MSF employees in North Kivu who can go out into the province, thanks to experienced drivers and well-equipped and maintained vehicles; because those employees have brothers, sisters, uncles, or cousins who are members of, or are at least connected to, the armed groups and who speak all the province’s languages. In addition, I can rely on the organisation’s memory – in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

that ‘as a European citizen, I fully understand [Rackete], who, I believe, acted courageously’ ( Reuther, 2019b ). And German development minister Gerd Müller of the Christian Social Union, the Christian Democrats’ deeply conservative Bavarian sister party, observed on 8 July in an interview that ‘the people in the [Libyan] camps of misery have the choice of dying in the camps through violence or hunger, to die of thirst in the desert on the way back or to drown in the Mediterranean’ ( Schmidt, 2019 ). 9 The most remarkable aspect of the German reaction to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Siblings, masculinity and emotions
Author: Linda Maynard

Drawing on a broad range of personal accounts, this is the first detailed study of siblinghood in wartime. The relative youth of the fighting men of the Great War intensified the emotional salience of sibling relationships. Long separations, trauma and bereavement tested sibling ties forged through shared childhoods, family practices, commitments and interests. We must not equate the absence of a verbal language of love with an absence of profound feelings. Quieter familial values of kindness, tolerance and unity, instilled by parents and reinforced by moral instruction, strengthened bonds between brothers and sisters. Examining the nexus of cultural and familial emotional norms, this study reveals the complex acts of mediation undertaken by siblings striving to reconcile conflicting obligations to society, the army and loved ones in families at home. Brothers enlisted and served together. Siblings witnessed departures and homecomings, shared family responsibilities, confided their anxieties and provided mutual support from a distance via letters and parcels. The strength soldier-brothers drew from each other came at an emotional cost to themselves and their comrades. The seismic casualties of the First World War proved a watershed moment in the culture of mourning and bereavement. Grief narratives reveal distinct patterns of mourning following the death of a loved sibling, suggesting a greater complexity to male grief than is often acknowledged. Surviving siblings acted as memory keepers, circumventing the anonymisation of the dead in public commemorations by restoring the particular war stories of their brothers.

Barbra Mann Wall

injured. 188 Nursing and mission in post-colonial Nigeria The purpose of this chapter is to examine the changes in nursing practice and personnel in Catholic mission hospitals that resulted from the Nigerian civil war from 1967 to 1970. Until then, Catholic sisters, or nuns, who served as mission nurses, physicians and midwives had been overwhelmingly white. When expatriates were expelled during the war, however, Nigerian sisters took over the leadership of Catholic healthcare institutions.3 This chapter focuses on the Medical Missionaries of Mary (MMM), the

in Colonial caring
Jane Brooks

married and left the nursing profession, although some returned later in life when their children had grown up. A few went abroad to nurse, and at least two died young. The only testimony to identify both a satisfying professional career and a long and happy 168 Reasserting work, space and gender boundaries married life is that of Sister Catherine Hutchinson. Previous histories of allied military nurses have argued that they did not wish to return to hospital nursing because of its petty restrictions.2 None of the testimonies in this book articulates this specifically

in Negotiating nursing
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

6: Tante Leonie I had always assumed that my sister Eleanor was named after Eleanor Rathbone, to whom my father was always grateful for her role in support of refugees in Britain in 1940. Rathbone is best known for her long campaign for family allowances. A special issue Royal Mail stamp (56p) in her honour was issued in 2008, together with stamps for five other ‘Women of Distinction’, describing her as ‘Campaigner, Family Allowance’. Leonie Kahn It was a campaign that she pursued for many decades, beginning in 1917 and culminating in the Family Allowance Act

in Austerity baby
Open Access (free)
Linda Maynard

wearing their hearts on their sleeves. When relating these non-romantic relationships, men rarely expressed their feelings explicitly in terms of love, struggling to find adequate words to demonstrate their affection. Sisters experienced a similar restraint, Naomi Haldane professing that her older brother Jack was ‘the person I loved best – though I never formulated this’. 4 Absorption of family values did not make the expression of fraternal closeness less problematic for men and women. With a nod to respectability, the working-class parents of Sidney M. encouraged

in Brothers in the Great War