Essays in popular romance
Editor: Nicola McDonald

This collection and the romances it investigates are crucial to our understanding of the aesthetics of medieval narrative and to the ideologies of gender and sexuality, race, religion, political formations, social class, ethics, morality and national identity with which those narratives emerge.

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The racecourse and racecourse life

5 Racing culture: the racecourse and racecourse life hile people could not avoid having views on racing only a minority actually attended race-meetings, and it is to the cultural and social life of the racegoing public that we now turn. The anticipatory thrill of travel was important, and a first section deals briefly with changes in travel over the period. A following more substantial section deals with social relationships, behaviour and attendance in relation to social class and gender. Changes and continuities in the comfort and facilities of the course, and

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39

-demographic variables including social class, household composition, etc., were gathered. The interviewees were traced and re-interviewed seven years later (referred to as the ‘follow-up survey’) and the same questions were repeated. Thus we have similar data from two points in time for the same people. However, a number of respondents from the first wave could not be traced or had died. Thus the sample size of the follow-up survey is reduced from 9,003 to 5,352. The influence of social class We have argued that factors such as social class will be significant determinants of

in Innovation by demand
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sport which had real support among all social classes’, and because its internationals ‘held more significance’.4 McKibbin’s treatment of social classes and cultures is usually subtle and persuasive. Here his analysis is less sure. It ignores the many racegoers drawn to racing by a passion and appreciation for those highly-strung equine aristocrats, thoroughbred horses, those enjoying the races but not the betting, and those going for social reasons, the enthusiastic fans and racing addicts drawn from all classes which cultural anthropologists have shown are still

in Horseracing and the British 1919–39

cleavages of social class and religion since the nineteenth century, producing strong left–right polarisation. In keeping with the general pattern found in predominantly Catholic countries, left voting had traditionally been broader than just the working-class, encompassing a secular and often overtly anti-clerical component composed of public sector employees and educators. Thus, the French left had always played host to a middle-class voter with a socially liberal value system focused upon individual equality and enlightened rationalism, as well as to the lower

in The French party system
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newly discovered and celebrated forms of classical poetry. As such they are more indicative of post-medieval prejudice, about everything from social class to Catholicism, than anything inherent in the medieval genre. And it is precisely these inherited distinctions that we, informed by the insights of post-structuralist thought, have learned to interrogate. Yet, popular romance has hardly benefited from the collapse of the traditional hierarchies of aesthetic (and with it academic) judgement. There must be many reasons why. The slowness with which medieval English

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
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The 1970 general election

’s announcement regarding equal pay helped it retain the loyalties of women in work, while those whose main concern was with consumption were less impressed. Overall, however, prices rather than wages – that is, the domestic sphere rather than the workplace – continued to dominate most women’s horizons. Defeat only increased enthusiasm at Transport House for organisational change. From seventy-one in 1970, the number of women’s councils fielding ch 9.P65 224 10/10/03, 12:37 225 Conclusion Table 9.2 Women and Labour voting, by social class and age, 1964–70 Category 1964

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1

revolution. The owners constituted a powerful social class in the absence of a welfare state and with only limited government intervention in the economy and the lack of strong trade union movements. For Marx, the owners of the means of production determined the distribution of wealth and income. On this view, issues of distribution cannot be separated from the structure of production and so the only possibility of creating a fairer society is to foster conditions for a revolution in which private property ownership would be terminated.2 M1738 - CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 217 3

in In search of social democracy
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structuring inequalities and class. In response, there have been more culturally inflected approaches to class which explore how class inequalities are bound up in a range of practices which range from what we eat, how we speak, how we dress, to how we move our bodies and how we spend our leisure time. This raises the possibility of identifying social classes ‘who share common lifestyles, identities, social networks and political orientations as well as levels of income and wealth’ (Savage 2015: 3).7 The second dilemma about class as a category of analysis emerges out of

in All in the mix
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-wall’,33 she commented, and her book was clearly compiled from material written in 5 Introduction snatched moments. Nurses – as part of a larger group of middle-class women – appear to have written wherever and whenever they could. Fussell commented that the war coincided with a period in which an education focusing on a canon of ‘classical’ literature was being extended across social class boundaries.34 It was also – more slowly – crossing gender ones. British Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse Vera Brittain, more than any other ‘nurse writer’, epitomises the way in which

in Nurse Writers of the Great War