Responses to crisis and modernisation

This book considers the underlying causes of the end of social democracy's golden age. It argues that the cross-national trend in social democratic parties since the 1970s has been towards an accommodation with neo-liberalism and a corresponding dilution of traditional social democratic commitments. The book looks at the impact of the change in economic conditions on social democracy in general, before examining the specific cases of Germany, Sweden and Australia. It examines the ideological crisis that engulfed social democracy. The book also looks at the post-1970 development of social policy, its fiscal implications and economic consequences in three European countries. It considers the evolution of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from its re-emergence as a significant political force during the 1970s until the present day under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. The book also examines the evolution of the Swedish model in conjunction with social democratic reformism and the party's relations to the union movement. It explores the latest debate about what the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) stands for. The SPD became the role model for programmatic modernisation for the European centre-left. The book considers how British socialist and social democratic thought from the late nineteenth century to the present has treated the objective of helping people to fulfil their potential, talents and ambitions. It aims to contribute to a broader conversation about the future of social democracy by considering ways in which the political thought of 'third way' social democracy might be radicalised for the twenty-first century.

Open Access (free)
Luke Martell

intervention in social policy is needed) nor just the statism of the Old Left (the private sector and non-direct forms of state intervention can have a role). A Third Way is pragmatic about policies – it can combine right and left or be something which is neither. Eric Shaw’s contribution ( chapter 4 ) casts doubt on whether pragmatism is the right word for this – if judged on results alone, the role of

in The Third Way and beyond
Sarah Hale, Will Leggett, and Luke Martell

equality’ to propose a new model for social policy. McCullen and Harris critically assess this idea of ‘generative equality’ from a managerial perspective. On the positive side, they argue that Giddens’s prescriptions for generative welfare policies and equality have much in common with those of the management literature of the last two decades which emphasises the importance of

in The Third Way and beyond
Norman Flynn

2 Fiscal policies, social spending and economic performance in France, Germany and the UK since 1970 Norman Flynn Introduction This chapter looks at the post-1970 development of social policy, its fiscal implications and economic consequences in three European countries. Its purpose is to test a stereotypical ‘left’ proposition, formulated in defence of European social democracy against neo-liberalism, such as: There is a ‘European Social Model’, incorporating a high level of social protection for unemployment and retirement, which, since 1973, has been

in In search of social democracy
Armando Barrientos and Martin Powell

only to the Anglo-Saxon ‘liberal’ welfare states of the UK and the USA, or whether it is meaningful for the ‘social democratic’ and ‘Christian democratic’ countries of continental Europe. The main aim of this chapter is to place the debate about the Third Way in the wider context of European social policy. According to Merkel, 2 at the end of the

in The Third Way and beyond
Credibility, dirigisme and globalisation
Ben Clift

markets. This chapter charts how the credibility built after the 1983 U-turn through firstly competitive disinflation and subsequently the ‘ordoliberal’1 foundations of EMU generated policy space exploited by the Jospin Government. It then assesses enduring volontarisme in French Socialist economic and social policy-making, analysing the employment and redistribution oriented economic policies central to the 1997–2002 period. Finally, it explores successful attempts at institutional re-engineering of the EMU architecture, notably expanding scope for dirigiste fiscal

in In search of social democracy
A managerial perspective
Peter McCullen and Colin Harris

for social policy. This chapter explores Giddens’s idea of ‘generative equality’ in the form of a critique from a managerial perspective. It is shown that Giddens’s prescriptions for the creation of generative welfare policies and generative equality have much in common with the management literature of the last two decades, which emphasises the importance

in The Third Way and beyond
Open Access (free)
Conceptual and ethodological challenges for comparative analysis
Agnieszka Piasna, Brendan Burchell, Kirsten Sehnbruch, and Nurjk Agloni

/4/Add.2/Rev.1). Veenhoven, R. (2002), ‘Why social policy needs subjective indicators’, Social Indicators Research, 58:1–3, 33–46. Wang, J. L., Jackson, L. A., Zhang, D. J. and Su, Z. Q. (2012), ‘The relationships among the Big Five Personality factors, self-esteem, narcissism, and sensation-seeking to Chinese University students’ uses of social networking sites (SNSs)’, Computers in Human Behavior, 28:6, 2313–19. Warr, P. (1987), Work, Unemployment and Mental Health (Oxford: Clarendon Press). Warr, P. (2007), Work, Happiness, and Unhappiness (New York: Routledge

in Making work more equal
Racism, immigration and the state
Steve Loyal

living, poverty and social exclusion, and are equally targets of informal and institutional racism, discrimination and hostility. Classification and the state Through legislation and social policy, most European states attempt to define and sanction acceptable types of social behaviour and activity. As eih ch-4.P65 82 26/3/03, 15:10 Racism, immigration and the state 83 the dominant force in the field of power, which controls the nation and citizenship through legislation, the state actively encourages some forms of social life while downplaying and repressing

in The end of Irish history?
Annamaria Simonazzi

productivity has been ascribed to the insufficient flexibility and excessive protection of the labour market. This chapter also contrasts the short-term competitiveness effects of austerity/flexibility policies with the long-term efficiency effects deriving from a greater commitment of both the employer and the employed workforce. The view of social policy as a productive factor is embedded in the conviction that sustained growth and decent working conditions are the result of the interactions between macro-policies and labour outcomes, and great risks can spring from

in Making work more equal