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Critical reflections on the Celtic Tiger

Sexual images and innuendo have become commonplace in contemporary advertising; they often fail to register in any meaningful way with the audience. This book examines the essentially racist stereotypes through which Irish people have conventionally been regarded have been increasingly challenged and even displaced perhaps by a sequence of rather more complimentary perspectives. The various developments that are signified within the figure of the Celtic Tiger might be considered to have radically altered the field of political possibility in Ireland. The enormous cuts in public expenditure that marked this period are held to have established a desirable, stable macroeconomic environment. The Celtic Tiger shows that one can use the rhetoric about 'social solidarity' while actually implementing policies which increase class polarisation. The book discusses the current hegemonic construction of Ireland as an open, cosmopolitan, multicultural, tourist-friendly society. The two central pieces of legislation which currently shape Irish immigration policy are the 1996 Refugee Act and the Immigration Bill of 1999. The book offers a critical examination of the realities of the Celtic Tiger for Irish women. Processes of nation state formation invariably invoke homogeneous narratives of ethnicity and national identity. To invoke a collective subject of contemporary Ireland rhetorically is to make such a strategic utopian political assumption. For the last few hundred years, the Gaeltacht has exemplified the crisis of Irish modernity. Culture becomes capital, and vice versa, while political action increasingly consists of the struggle to maintain democratic autonomy in the face of global market forces.

Class polarisation and neo-liberalism in the Irish Republic
Kieran Allen

official documentation of the EU makes considerable play about concepts such as ‘social solidarity’ and removing forms of ‘social exclusion’.24 The various Irish social partnership agreements have taken up and amplified these themes. One writer has claimed that the Irish model of social partnership is an example of a ‘competitive corporatist’ strategy which has much to offer Europe as a whole: One of the futures that may prove appropriate for many European countries is that of ‘competitive corporatist’ social pacts which seek consensual and, in so far as is possible, an

in The end of Irish history?
Open Access (free)
John Callaghan, Nina Fishman, Ben Jackson, and Martin Mcivor

and healthcare undertaken by Labour since 1997, but also sketches in the government’s controversial use of market mechanisms in public service delivery and their consequences for core social democratic objectives such as equality and social solidarity. Part II concludes with a chapter that traces the evolution of international approaches to social democracy. Gerassimos Moschonas looks at the impact of European integration on social democracy in this period and argues that the particular institutional structure of the EU poses a further significant constraint on the

in In search of social democracy
Norman Flynn

businesses sought to increase productivity from the mid-1980s on, combined with good levels of pension for the early retirers; in France, the generous pension system allows people to retire on good pensions after a relatively short working life. What these snapshots of the three welfare systems show is that, on a world scale, the similarities among the three systems are more obvious than the differences: the settlement between labour and the state to provide tax and contribution funded social solidarity in old age and in periods of unemployment remains intact. The

in In search of social democracy
Maria Karamessini and Damian Grimshaw

erga omnes effects, but only after consultation with an independent group of experts, and the replacement of the special minimum wage for youth by experience-based subminimum wages for a maximum of two years (Hellenic Republic, Ministry of Labour, Social Security and Social Solidarity 2016: 2–3). 344 Making work more equal The UK: a case of ‘crowding out’? The UK is quite different: the government intervened in 2016 to raise the minimum wage over a medium-term period in order both to arrest the stagnant trend in real earnings growth and to reduce public

in Making work more equal
Ciarán O’Kelly

invest too much in common origin and the like to be open to adjustment in the direction of civic consciousness. Dangerous though it is, the ethnic nation may be more compatible with what people really need. Yet, something does seem to be happening, certainly across the rich part of the world. To be sure, for some people the baby of social solidarity has been thrown out with the bath water of nationalism. Nationalism is irrelevant

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Emilio Santoro

, March (1982). 18 A. De Giorgi, Zero Tolleranza. Strategie e pratiche della societǎ di controllo (Roma, DeriveApprodi, 2000), pp. 106–7. 19 H.L.A. Hart, ‘Social Solidarity and the Enforcement of Morals’ (first published 1968), in H.L.A. Hart, Essays in Jurisprudence

in Political concepts
Peter J. Spiro

as a member in a particular polity,” Bauböck writes, “but also on that polity being governed democratically” (p. 41). Those who have a shared interest in self-government will also have a shared interest in the “flourishing” of that polity. Does that suffice to build the social solidarity necessary to sustain a state? (Words like “solidarity” and “bonds” go missing in describing stakeholder citizenship, where “collective

in Democratic inclusion
Open Access (free)
Jeremy Gould

the issues around which ANTHROPOLOGY 33 support for parties and agendas can be mobilized. The bulk of the attention addressed to this phenomenon has accentuated the politicization of ‘ethnicity’. Ethnic politics is commonly stigmatized as ‘uncivil’ and thus anathema to democratization, in that it promotes divisive rather than inclusive social solidarities. Karlström (1999: 110), however, argues that since ethnic-based solidarities are unlikely to weaken in the near future, ‘the analytical task will be to try and understand the conditions under which they can

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Geoffrey Wood

responsibility for their own fate: this underscores the need to create a favourable climate for wealth creation, not simply emphasizing distribution. To Giddens, this points the way to a ‘third way’ distinct from statist social democracy and neoliberalism, a new path most closely associated with the Democratic Party in the US and Britain’s New Labour. He argues that the ‘third way’ is not just about a concern with economic development, but also with community issues, and stresses the vital importance of social solidarity and basic social institutions like the family. Right

in Democratization through the looking-glass