For over five decades, the Cold War security agenda was distinguished by the principal strategic balance, that of a structure of bipolarity, between the United States (US) and the Soviet Union (USSR). This book seeks to draw from current developments in critical security studies in order to establish a new framework of inquiry for security in the Middle East. It addresses the need to redefine security in the Middle East. The focus is squarely on the Arab-Israeli context in general, and the Palestinian-Israeli context in particular. The character of Arab-Israeli relations are measured by the Israeli foreign policy debate from the 1950s to the 1990s. A dialogue between Islam and Islamism as a means to broaden the terrain on which conflict resolution and post-bipolar security in the Middle East is to be understood is presented. The Middle East peace process (MEPP) was an additional factor in problematizing the military-strategic concept of security in the Middle East. The shift in analysis from national security to human security reflects the transformations of the post-Cold War era by combining military with non-military concerns such as environmental damage, social unrest, economic mismanagement, cultural conflict, gender inequity and radical fundamentalism. By way of contrast to realist international relations (IR) theory, developing-world theorists have proposed a different set of variables to explain the unique challenges facing developing states. Finally, the book examines the significance of ecopolitics in security agendas in the Middle East.

Beholding young people’s experiences and expressions of care through oral history performance
Kathleen Gallagher and Rachel Turner-King

, Radical Hope and the Ethical Imaginary : An International, Intercultural Investigation of Drama Pedagogy, Performance and Civic Engagemen t (2014–19) Our multi-sited, ethnographic research study funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada is the project through which we have collaborated over the last five years. Gallagher conceived of this study in order to think about disengagement in schools, and from civic life more broadly, as a precursor to, and driver of, youth social unrest around the world. Using a socially engaged and

in Performing care
Open Access (free)
Tony Addison

will have to devote more resources to suppressing the social unrest associated with rising poverty and inequality. Elites may be able to use state violence to control the poor for quite some time (apartheid South Africa is one example). But the desire to avoid violent unrest and possibly revolution by the poor (leading to expropriation of the rich) is one reason why elites may see it as in their own interests to facilitate democratization, even if democratization is likely to result in increased taxation of the rich as the newly enfranchised poor vote for

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain
Heloise Brown

was impossible.18 Differing attitudes to war, social unrest and the social conditions which give rise to different kinds of wars meant that the British and European perspectives on peace and international relations were incompatible for most of the Victorian 5 ‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ era. In consequence, British pacifists and free traders were often regarded with distrust by European pacifists.19 The evolution of British pacifism, and the influence of Radicals such as Cobden upon pacifist ideas, inevitably affected pacifist feminism as it began to emerge

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
The Spanish Gardener and its analogues
Alison Platt

’s obsession with the juvenile delinquent, a way of addressing an ‘issue’ (social unrest) that could be given an easy solution (a good hiding, better housing). 16 Delinquent teenagers, too old to seek alternative father figures, go up against the Establishment and invariably lose. Their younger selves were not the child heroes of early post-war cinema and their battles are portrayed as

in British cinema of the 1950s
Open Access (free)
Frontier patterns old and new
Philip Nanton

practical response to what was increasingly identified as ‘the West Indian problem’: poverty, unemployment and maladministration. Among many such reports, the Report of the Moyne Commission , compiled in the 1930s but embargoed till 1945 because of fear of social unrest, was the most well known. This welfare ideology was to expand, with the State taking increasing responsibility for ‘development

in Frontiers of the Caribbean
The BBC’s Caribbean Voices
Glyne Griffith

that he persuaded Calder-Marshall to become involved in Caribbean Voices , it is worth indicating something of the context. In 1938, the year following the height of the social unrest in Trinidad, Calder-Marshall spent three months in Trinidad and Tobago. His background was that of a conventionally English man of letters – private school, Oxford, and a string of novels by the time he was in his

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain
Open Access (free)
Jes Wienberg

ancient temples of Abu Simbel. Clearly, then, things are not necessarily that simple. The opponents of modernity The film Modern Times by Charlie Chaplin, who was both director and actor, depicts the US of the 1930s (Chaplin 1936 film). It associates the modern with industrial society, with that society’s increasing speed at factory assembly lines, and with unemployment and social unrest. The film communicated a criticism of modernity that was typical of its time, but it did so in a humorous way. For as long as modernity has been around, it has been

in Heritopia
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

the disappearance of human rights leaders. The defiant weekly protest of searching mothers, right in front of the presidential palace at the Plaza de Mayo, showed that the authoritarian regime had been unable to stamp out the culture of street mobilisations that had characterised Argentine politics since the rise of Perón in 1945 and had forced the military to allow his return to the presidency in 1973. Increasing street protests and strikes by workers in 1981 and early 1982 added to the social unrest. The worsening economic crisis, rising political expectations

in Governing the dead
Controversies regarding epistemic wagers in climate-economy models
Jonathan Metzger

exponentially rising damage. It is also important to note that in their modeling of the economic damage of climate change (DICE/RICE-99) they focused only on direct damage, as it was assumed that indirect damage is too difficult to appreciate and calculate. This is why they also arrived at the conclusion that ‘90 percent of the economy, however, is not likely to be significantly affected by climate change’, thus disregarding any potential knock-on effects, disruption costs, social unrest, increased Overflowing with uncertainty 119 security costs, or transaction costs in

in Overwhelmed by overflows?